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Genetic Discrimination in Access to Life Insurance: Does Ukrainian Legislation Offer Sufficient Protection against the Adverse Consequences of the Genetic Revolution to Insurance Applicants?

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Finance, Educational and Scientific Institute of Economics and Management, National University of Food Technologies, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine
2
Department of Human Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 0G1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2021 / Revised: 28 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 December 2021 / Published: 29 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10th Anniversary of Laws — Feature Papers)
This paper presents an inter-disciplinary study of the risk for, and protections against, genetic discrimination in access to life insurance in Ukraine. It aims (i) to review questions related to genetic information, health status, and family history currently included in Ukrainian life insurance application forms; (ii) to analyze the Ukrainian legislation related to equity and nondiscrimination and to determine whether it provides adequate protection against genetic discrimination (GD). Research findings of our insurance application forms review show that Ukrainian life insurance companies ask broad questions about health and family history that may be perceived by applicants as requiring the disclosure of their genetic information. Our legal analysis shows that today there are no genetic specific law protecting Ukrainians people against GD in insurance. However, Ukrainian human rights legislation provides some protection against multiple grounds of discrimination and given the ratification by Ukraine of the European Convention on Human Rights it is possible that these grounds could be interpreted by tribunals as also including genetic characteristics. As a next step, Ukrainian researchers should develop a survey to obtain much needed data on the incidence and impact of GD in Ukraine. Following this it will be possible for policymakers to better assess whether there is a need for an explicit non-GD law in this country. Such a law would have the benefit of explicitly aligning Ukraine’s legal framework with that of many of its European partners. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic discrimination; genetic information; life insurance; legislation; human rights; Ukraine; Europe genetic discrimination; genetic information; life insurance; legislation; human rights; Ukraine; Europe
MDPI and ACS Style

Arych, M.; Joly, Y. Genetic Discrimination in Access to Life Insurance: Does Ukrainian Legislation Offer Sufficient Protection against the Adverse Consequences of the Genetic Revolution to Insurance Applicants? Laws 2022, 11, 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11010002

AMA Style

Arych M, Joly Y. Genetic Discrimination in Access to Life Insurance: Does Ukrainian Legislation Offer Sufficient Protection against the Adverse Consequences of the Genetic Revolution to Insurance Applicants? Laws. 2022; 11(1):2. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arych, Mykhailo, and Yann Joly. 2022. "Genetic Discrimination in Access to Life Insurance: Does Ukrainian Legislation Offer Sufficient Protection against the Adverse Consequences of the Genetic Revolution to Insurance Applicants?" Laws 11, no. 1: 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11010002

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