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Special Issue "Anthocyanins"

A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049). This special issue belongs to the section "Natural Products Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2014)

Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Ronald E. Wrolstad

Department of Food Science and Technology, Wiegand Hall, Oregon State University, OR 97331-6602, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: anthocyanins and polyphenolics; color quality, analytical methods; natural colorants; fruit juice authenciticy
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. M. Monica Giusti, PhD

Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: functional foods, phytonutrients, natural colorants; chemistry and functionality of flavonoids, with emphasis on anthocyanins as food colorants and functional foods and other phenolic compounds, such as isoflavones and proanthocyanidins
Guest Editor
Dr. Wilhelmina Kalt

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Website | E-Mail
Interests: anthocyanins; berries; blueberries; bioavailability; bioactivity; flavonoids; health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Research articles on anthocyanin pigments have escalated dramatically in the last 20 years. While PubMed shows 230 anthocyanin publications in the decade from 1982 through 1991, there were 753 from 1992 through 2001, and 3,043 from 2002 through 2011. Anthocyanin pigments have long intrigued scientists, and earlier investigations documented the dynamic nature of their chemistry and their role in the color quality of foods, particularly wine because of its high economic value. Historically, botanists have investigated these pigments in chemotaxonomic and horticultural research to understand the role of anthocyanins in the color quality of flowers and in fruit ripening. More recently, the widely-publicized “French Paradox” made the public aware of the epidemiological evidence that the French, despite a diet high in saturated fats, had a lower than predicted rate of coronary heart disease compared to people in several Western countries with similar risk factors. It was suggested that the consumption of flavonoid-rich foods including anthocyanins that are abundant in red wine and other fruit-based foods might account at least in part for the phenomena. These findings have stimulated an explosion of investigations on various phytochemicals, their bioactivities and their possible role in human health. As part of an early working hypothesis it was suggested that the antioxidant properties of plant food phytochemicals could be a positive predictor of possible health benefits. Numerous investigations revealed that there was a high correlation specifically between the anthocyanin content of some vegetables, fruits and especially berries and their antioxidant activity in vitro. However, determining the in vivo significance of anthocyanin antioxidant activity in human health has been more difficult since studies have shown that anthocyanins are poorly absorbed and rapidly cleared from the body. Notwithstanding there remains abundant in vivo evidence from closely-controlled animal studies, and an increasing amount of human clinical evidence that anthocyanins do indeed provide beneficial health effects. Complementary mechanistic studies have shown that anthocyanins can affect a variety of physiological processes in a beneficial manner. Most encouraging perhaps is recent epidemiological evidence indicating that anthocyanins specifically are associated with a reduced risk of both cardiac events and type 2 diabetes in free-living human populations.

Research articles covering all aspects of anthocyanin chemistry, such as composition, degradative reactions, biosynthesis, their use as natural colorants, and the possible mechanisms for reducing the risks of chronic diseases are welcomed for inclusion in the Special Issue of Molecules.

Prof. Dr. Ronald E Wrolstad
Dr. Monica Giusti
Dr. Wilhelmina Kalt
Guest Editor
s

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


Keywords

  • anthocyanin pigments
  • color quality of foods
  • natural colorants
  • anthocyanin absorption and metabolism
  • mechanisms for reducing risk of chronic diseases

Published Papers (20 papers)

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Open AccessReview
The Encapsulation of Anthocyanins from Berry-Type Fruits. Trends in Foods
Molecules 2015, 20(4), 5875-5888; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20045875
Received: 15 December 2014 / Revised: 6 March 2015 / Accepted: 9 March 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
Cited by 12PDF Full-text (907 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Distinctive Anthocyanin Accumulation Responses to Temperature and Natural UV Radiation of Two Field-Grown Vitis vinifera L. Cultivars
Molecules 2015, 20(2), 2061-2080; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20022061
Received: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 20 January 2015 / Published: 27 January 2015
Cited by 15PDF Full-text (794 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Decreasing pH Results in a Reduction of Anthocyanin Coprecipitation during Cold Stabilization of Purple Grape Juice
Molecules 2015, 20(1), 556-572; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20010556
Received: 28 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 December 2014 / Published: 5 January 2015
Cited by 1PDF Full-text (2008 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessArticle
A New Solid Phase Extraction for the Determination of Anthocyanins in Grapes
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 21398-21410; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191221398
Received: 1 October 2014 / Revised: 29 November 2014 / Accepted: 16 December 2014 / Published: 19 December 2014
Cited by 7PDF Full-text (1140 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Obtaining Ready-to-Eat Blue Corn Expanded Snacks with Anthocyanins Using an Extrusion Process and Response Surface Methodology
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 21066-21084; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191221066
Received: 22 September 2014 / Revised: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 10 December 2014 / Published: 15 December 2014
Cited by 5PDF Full-text (1585 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Stability of Anthocyanins from Red Grape Skins under Pressurized Liquid Extraction and Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction Conditions
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 21034-21043; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191221034
Received: 1 October 2014 / Revised: 29 November 2014 / Accepted: 9 December 2014 / Published: 15 December 2014
Cited by 7PDF Full-text (885 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Chemically Synthesized Glycosides of Hydroxylated Flavylium Ions as Suitable Models of Anthocyanins: Binding to Iron Ions and Human Serum Albumin, Antioxidant Activity in Model Gastric Conditions
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 20709-20730; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191220709
Received: 5 October 2014 / Revised: 15 November 2014 / Accepted: 2 December 2014 / Published: 11 December 2014
Cited by 5PDF Full-text (909 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessArticle
The Regulation of Anthocyanin Synthesis in the Wheat Pericarp
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 20266-20279; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191220266
Received: 30 September 2014 / Revised: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 27 November 2014 / Published: 4 December 2014
Cited by 23PDF Full-text (905 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessArticle
Composition and Antioxidant Activity of the Anthocyanins of the Fruit of Berberis heteropoda Schrenk
Molecules 2014, 19(11), 19078-19096; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191119078
Received: 16 October 2014 / Revised: 28 October 2014 / Accepted: 3 November 2014 / Published: 19 November 2014
Cited by 7PDF Full-text (604 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessReview
The Role of Acyl-Glucose in Anthocyanin Modifications
Molecules 2014, 19(11), 18747-18766; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191118747
Received: 8 October 2014 / Revised: 6 November 2014 / Accepted: 10 November 2014 / Published: 14 November 2014
Cited by 14PDF Full-text (594 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Support for a Photoprotective Function of Winter Leaf Reddening in Nitrogen-Deficient Individuals of Lonicera japonica
Molecules 2014, 19(11), 17810-17828; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191117810
Received: 30 September 2014 / Revised: 28 October 2014 / Accepted: 29 October 2014 / Published: 3 November 2014
Cited by 7PDF Full-text (3864 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Effect of Standardized Cranberry Extract on the Activity and Expression of Selected Biotransformation Enzymes in Rat Liver and Intestine
Molecules 2014, 19(9), 14948-14960; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190914948
Received: 8 August 2014 / Revised: 28 August 2014 / Accepted: 4 September 2014 / Published: 18 September 2014
Cited by 6PDF Full-text (997 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Simple Rain-Shelter Cultivation Prolongs Accumulation Period of Anthocyanins in Wine Grape Berries
Molecules 2014, 19(9), 14843-14861; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190914843
Received: 11 August 2014 / Revised: 30 August 2014 / Accepted: 9 September 2014 / Published: 17 September 2014
Cited by 6PDF Full-text (4566 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Effects of Climatic Conditions and Soil Properties on Cabernet Sauvignon Berry Growth and Anthocyanin Profiles
Molecules 2014, 19(9), 13683-13703; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190913683
Received: 26 June 2014 / Revised: 28 August 2014 / Accepted: 29 August 2014 / Published: 2 September 2014
Cited by 21PDF Full-text (2048 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessArticle
Anti-Inflammatory Effect of the Blueberry Anthocyanins Malvidin-3-Glucoside and Malvidin-3-Galactoside in Endothelial Cells
Molecules 2014, 19(8), 12827-12841; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190812827
Received: 10 July 2014 / Revised: 31 July 2014 / Accepted: 8 August 2014 / Published: 21 August 2014
Cited by 34PDF Full-text (1490 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Anthocyanin Characterization, Total Phenolic Quantification and Antioxidant Features of Some Chilean Edible Berry Extracts
Molecules 2014, 19(8), 10936-10955; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190810936
Received: 17 June 2014 / Revised: 6 July 2014 / Accepted: 11 July 2014 / Published: 28 July 2014
Cited by 23PDF Full-text (1229 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Open AccessReview
Mistaken Identity: Clarification of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja)
Molecules 2014, 19(7), 10524-10533; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules190710524
Received: 5 May 2014 / Revised: 3 July 2014 / Accepted: 15 July 2014 / Published: 18 July 2014
Cited by 7PDF Full-text (625 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Antioxidant Activity and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibition of Grape Skin Anthocyanin (GSA)
Molecules 2014, 19(7), 9403-9418; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19079403
Received: 25 April 2014 / Revised: 18 June 2014 / Accepted: 28 June 2014 / Published: 3 July 2014
Cited by 17PDF Full-text (421 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Influence of Temperature and Preserving Agents on the Stability of Cornelian Cherries Anthocyanins
Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8177-8188; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19068177
Received: 2 April 2014 / Revised: 29 May 2014 / Accepted: 10 June 2014 / Published: 17 June 2014
Cited by 14PDF Full-text (277 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
Open AccessArticle
Effect of Two Anti-Fungal Treatments (Metrafenone and Boscalid Plus Kresoxim-methyl) Applied to Vines on the Color and Phenol Profile of Different Red Wines
Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8093-8111; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19068093
Received: 23 April 2014 / Revised: 6 June 2014 / Accepted: 9 June 2014 / Published: 16 June 2014
Cited by 10PDF Full-text (428 KB) | HTML Full-textXML Full-text
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