Next Article in Journal
Hinokinin, an Emerging Bioactive Lignan
Next Article in Special Issue
Effect of Standardized Cranberry Extract on the Activity and Expression of Selected Biotransformation Enzymes in Rat Liver and Intestine
Previous Article in Journal
Recovery of Biomolecules from Food Wastes — A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Climatic Conditions and Soil Properties on Cabernet Sauvignon Berry Growth and Anthocyanin Profiles
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2014, 19(9), 14843-14861; doi:10.3390/molecules190914843

Simple Rain-Shelter Cultivation Prolongs Accumulation Period of Anthocyanins in Wine Grape Berries

1
Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2014 / Revised: 30 August 2014 / Accepted: 9 September 2014 / Published: 17 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anthocyanins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4566 KB, uploaded 23 September 2014]   |  

Abstract

Simple rain-shelter cultivation is normally applied during the grape growth season in continental monsoon climates aiming to reduce the occurrence of diseases caused by excessive rainfall. However, whether or not this cultivation practice affects the composition and concentration of phenolic compounds in wine grapes remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of rain-shelter cultivation on the accumulation of anthocyanins in wine grapes (Vitis vinifera L. Cabernet Sauvignon) grown in eastern China. The results showed that rain-shelter cultivation, compared with the open-field, extended the period of rapid accumulation of sugar, increased the soluble solid content in the grape berries, and delayed the senescence of the green leaves at harvest. The concentrations of most anthocyanins were significantly enhanced in the rain-shelter cultivated grapes, and their content increases were closely correlated with the accumulation of sugar. However, the compositions of anthocyanins in the berries were not altered. Correspondingly, the expressions of VvF3'H, VvF3'5'H, and VvUFGT were greatly up-regulated and this rising trend appeared to continue until berry maturation. These results suggested that rain-shelter cultivation might help to improve the quality of wine grape berries by prolonging the life of functional leaves and hence increasing the assimilation products. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthocyanins; wine grape; rain-shelter cultivation; open-field cultivation anthocyanins; wine grape; rain-shelter cultivation; open-field cultivation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.-X.; He, F.; Wang, J.; Li, Z.; Pan, Q.-H. Simple Rain-Shelter Cultivation Prolongs Accumulation Period of Anthocyanins in Wine Grape Berries. Molecules 2014, 19, 14843-14861.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top