Special Issue "Ultrasonic Sensors and Transducers for Applications in Biology, Medicine and NDT"


A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 June 2014)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Xiaoning Jiang
North Carolina State University, 911 Oval Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Website: http://www.mae.ncsu.edu/jiang/index.html
E-Mail: xjiang5@ncsu.edu
Phone: +919 515 5240
Fax: +919 515 7968
Interests: micro/nanofabrication of smart materials and structures; ultrasound sensors and transducers; ultrasound imaging, therapy and sensing; sensors and transducers for extreme environments

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Ultrasound has profoundly affected today’s world in a broad range of technologies, including underwater sonar, industrial non-destructive testing (NDT), industrial sensing, precision actuation, material processing and manufacturing, medical imaging, medical therapy, biological sensing, drug delivery, etc. Ultrasonic sensors and transducers, as the core of ultrasound technologies, have been unprecedentedly challenged to meet a broad range of applications. This special issue aims to bring together recent research and development concerning novel ultrasonic sensors and transducers, as well as their applications in medicine, biology, and NDT.

Papers addressing a wide range of ultrasonic sensing and transduction innovations are sought, including but not limited to recent research and developments in the following areas:

  • ultrasonic sensing and transduction materials and structures
  • ultrasonic sensor and transducer design, fabrication, and characterization
  • ultrasound imaging
  • ultrasound therapy
  • ultrasonic biosensors
  • ultrasound in cell culturing and sensing
  • ultrasonic micro/nano-sensors
  • ultrasonic drug delivery
  • ultrasonic surgical tools
  • and other associated devices and applications
Both review articles and original research papers associated with acoustic/ultrasonic sensors, transducers and their applications in medicine, biology, and NDT are solicited. There is a particular interest in papers concerning applications of ultrasonic micro/nano-sensors and transducers in cell and tissue engineering; non-destructive, non-contact or minimally invasive interactions are preferred topics.

Prof. Dr. Xiaoning Jiang
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs).


  • ultrasonic sensors
  • acoustic sensors
  • ultrasound transducers
  • micro/nano-fabrication
  • micro/nano-sensors
  • ultrasound imaging
  • ultrasound therapy
  • ultrasonic cell sensing
  • acoustic/ultrasound cell sorting
  • ultrasound/acoustic NDT

Published Papers (9 papers)

by , , , , , , , , , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(8), 13730-13758; doi:10.3390/s140813730
Received: 11 June 2014; in revised form: 18 July 2014 / Accepted: 18 July 2014 / Published: 29 July 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (3466 KB)

by , , , , , , , , , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(8), 13348-13360; doi:10.3390/s140813348
Received: 15 June 2014; in revised form: 7 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 July 2014 / Published: 24 July 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (1000 KB)

by ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(7), 12871-12884; doi:10.3390/s140712871
Received: 10 June 2014; in revised form: 5 July 2014 / Accepted: 14 July 2014 / Published: 18 July 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (1927 KB)

by , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(7), 11682-11690; doi:10.3390/s140711682
Received: 5 May 2014; in revised form: 13 June 2014 / Accepted: 27 June 2014 / Published: 2 July 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (1350 KB)

by , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(6), 9429-9450; doi:10.3390/s140609429
Received: 31 January 2014; in revised form: 18 April 2014 / Accepted: 21 May 2014 / Published: 27 May 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (1392 KB) | XML Full-text

by , , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(5), 9093-9116; doi:10.3390/s140509093
Received: 3 December 2013; in revised form: 14 May 2014 / Accepted: 19 May 2014 / Published: 22 May 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (996 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text

by , , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8821-8828; doi:10.3390/s140508821
Received: 10 April 2014; in revised form: 7 May 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 19 May 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (405 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text

by , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8528-8546; doi:10.3390/s140508528
Received: 3 December 2013; in revised form: 14 April 2014 / Accepted: 17 April 2014 / Published: 15 May 2014
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abstract graphic

by , ,  and
Sensors 2014, 14(5), 7738-7752; doi:10.3390/s140507738
Received: 23 February 2014; in revised form: 4 April 2014 / Accepted: 14 April 2014 / Published: 28 April 2014
Show/Hide Abstract | PDF Full-text (812 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Title: Propagation of Surface Ultrasonic Waves on Human Femur Tissue
Authors: D. G. Aggelis 1,*, M. Strantza 1, O. Louis 2, D. Polyzos 3, F. Boulpaep 1 and D. Van Hemelrijck 1
1 Department of Mechanics of Materials and Constructions, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; E-Mail: daggelis@vub.ac.be
2 Department of Radiology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan, Belgium
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras, Greece
Abstract: Human bone is a strongly inhomogeneous medium. Ultrasonic propagation in such a medium entails phenomena like dispersion and attenuation which are due to the microstructure, the plate and curved geometry, as well as the porosity differential through the thickness. In this study human femur specimens were subjected to one-sided ultrasonic testing using four broadband acoustic emission transducers. The main objective is to measure wave velocity and its dependence on frequency, and attenuation. At the same time, parameters of the pulse like duration and frequency content are also investigated. It is shown that the microstructure of the tissue imposes strong dispersion and attenuation. This renders the interpretation of acoustic emission signals during fracture troublesome since crucial features like frequency content and energy are strongly distorted even for a few millimeters of additional propagation and should be taken into account.

Type of Paper: Article
Title: Acoustic Devices for Particle and Cell Manipulation and Sensing
Authors: Y. Qiu 1, H. Wang 1, C.E.M. Demore 1, D. A. Hughes 2, P. Glynne-Jones 3, S. Gebhardt 4, A. Bolhovitins 1, R. Poltarjonoks 1, K. Weijer 5, A. Schönecker 4, M. Hill 3, and S. Cochran 1
Affiliations: 1 Institute for Medical Science and Technology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
2 School of Engineering & Science, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, UK
3 Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
4 Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS, Dresden, Germany
5 Cell and Developmental Biology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
Abstract: An emerging demand for the precise manipulation of cells and microparticles for sensing applications in cell biology and analytical chemistry has driven recent development of acoustic manipulation technology. This has been in parallel with other technologies such as optical tweezing and dielectrophoresis. This paper reviews current practice and reports our research on the development of various ultrasonic manipulation devices, including simple systems for the investigation of biological cells and complex ultrasonic array systems to explore the feasibility of electronically controlled 2-D and 3-D manipulation. Piezoelectric materials, fabrication techniques, electronic control and possible sensing applications are discussed. Furthermore, approaches to low-cost, wafer level batch-production and commercialisation potential are addressed.

Type of Paper: Review
Integrated Backscatter Ultrasound Technique for the Prediction of Coronary and Cerebral Artery Disease
Masanori Kawasaki, MD PhD
Department of Cardiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
Tissue characteristics of carotid plaques have been reported to be associated with stroke and other cerebrovascular events. The stability of atherosclerotic plaques is related to histological composition and the thickness of fibrous caps. Therefore, recognition of the tissue characteristics of carotid and coronary plaques is important to understand and prevent coronary and cerebral artery disease. Recently, an ultrasound integrated backscatter (IB) technique has been developed. The ultrasound backscatter power is proportional to the difference of acoustic characteristic impedance that is determined by the density of tissue multiplied by the speed of sound. This principle allowed the tissue characterization of carotid and coronary plaques for the stratification of the risk in the coronary and cerebral artery disease. Two- and three -dimensional IB color-coded maps for the evaluating of tissue components consist of four major components (fibrous, dense fibrosis, lipid pool and calcification). There were many studies that showed the reliability and usefulness of IB technique for the tissue characterization of carotid and coronary plaques.

Title: Possibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the diagnosis and treatment  of prostate cancer
Type: Review
Author: Hiroji Uemura, MD. PhD.
Affiliation: Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
Abstract: In association with the widespread of prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening, men with early stage of prostate cancer (PCa) are increasing in the developed countries including Japan. However, accurate localizing of PCa lesions is still difficult in diagnostic imaging because PCa has a tendency of multifocality in prostate gland. Recently, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves the detection of PCa by visualizing cancerous lesions in needle biopsy. CEUS has the potential to enable not only accurate diagnosis but also novel treatment such as focal therapy. Furthermore, the combination of CEUS and other modalities is expected to promote the development of treatment or detection.

Last update: 14 May 2014

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