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Sensors 2015, 15(3), 4947-4957; doi:10.3390/s150304947

The Utility and Limitations of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3–9, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xiaoning Jiang
Received: 17 December 2014 / Revised: 8 February 2015 / Accepted: 10 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3337 KB, uploaded 27 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

In association with the widespread use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening, the numbers of men identified with early-stage prostate cancer (PCa) are increasing in the developed countries, including Japan. However, the accurate localization of PCa lesions in diagnostic imaging is still difficult because PCa has a tendency to be multifocal in the prostate gland. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) improves the detection of PCa by visualizing cancerous lesions in order to target a needle biopsy. CEUS has the potential to enable not only accurate diagnoses but also novel treatments such as focal therapy. The combination of CEUS and other modalities is expected to improve the diagnosis of PCa and its treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: prostate cancer; contrast-enhanced ultrasound; targeted biopsy; microbubbles prostate cancer; contrast-enhanced ultrasound; targeted biopsy; microbubbles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sano, F.; Uemura, H. The Utility and Limitations of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer. Sensors 2015, 15, 4947-4957.

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