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Sensors 2014, 14(9), 17807-17816; doi:10.3390/s140917807

Implementation of a Rotational Ultrasound Biomicroscopy System Equipped with a High-Frequency Angled Needle Transducer — Ex Vivo Ultrasound Imaging of Porcine Ocular Posterior Tissues

1
Department of Physics, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 0A5, Canada
2
Department of Ocean System Engineering, Jeju National Univeristy, 102 Jejudaehak-ro, Jeju-si, Jeju-do 690-756, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2014 / Revised: 10 September 2014 / Accepted: 15 September 2014 / Published: 24 September 2014
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Abstract

The mechanical scanning of a single element transducer has been mostly utilized for high-frequency ultrasound imaging. However, it requires space for the mechanical motion of the transducer. In this paper, a rotational scanning ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) system equipped with a high-frequency angled needle transducer is designed and implemented in order to minimize the space required. It was applied to ex vivo ultrasound imaging of porcine posterior ocular tissues through a minimal incision hole of 1 mm in diameter. The retina and sclera for the one eye were visualized in the relative rotating angle range of 270° ~ 330° and at a distance range of 6 ~ 7 mm, whereas the tissues of the other eye were observed in relative angle range of 160° ~ 220° and at a distance range of 7.5 ~ 9 mm. The layer between retina and sclera seemed to be bent because the distance between the transducer tip and the layer was varied while the transducer was rotated. Certin features of the rotation system such as the optimal scanning angle, step angle and data length need to be improved for ensure higher accuracy and precision. Moreover, the focal length should be considered for the image quality. This implementation represents the first report of a rotational scanning UBM system. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-frequency ultrasound; rotational scanning; angled needle transducer; automatic motion control high-frequency ultrasound; rotational scanning; angled needle transducer; automatic motion control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bok, T.-H.; Kim, J.; Bae, J.; Lee, C.H.; Paeng, D.-G. Implementation of a Rotational Ultrasound Biomicroscopy System Equipped with a High-Frequency Angled Needle Transducer — Ex Vivo Ultrasound Imaging of Porcine Ocular Posterior Tissues. Sensors 2014, 14, 17807-17816.

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