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Sensors 2014, 14(8), 14278-14288; doi:10.3390/s140814278

Dual-Element Transducer with Phase-Inversion for Wide Depth of Field in High-Frequency Ultrasound Imaging

Department of Medical Biotechnology, Dongguk University, Seoul 100-715, Korea
Received: 4 June 2014 / Revised: 14 July 2014 / Accepted: 28 July 2014 / Published: 5 August 2014
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Abstract

In high frequency ultrasound imaging (HFUI), the quality of focusing is deeply related to the length of the depth of field (DOF). In this paper, a phase-inversion technique implemented by a dual-element transducer is proposed to enlarge the DOF. The performance of the proposed method was numerically demonstrated by using the ultrasound simulation program called Field-II. A simulated dual-element transducer was composed of a disc- and an annular-type elements, and its aperture was concavely shaped to have a confocal point at 6 mm. The area of each element was identical in order to provide same intensity at the focal point. The outer diameters of the inner and the outer elements were 2.1 mm and 3 mm, respectively. The center frequency of each element was 40 MHz and the f-number (focal depth/aperture size) was two. When two input signals with 0° and 180° phases were applied to inner and outer elements simultaneously, a multi-focal zone was generated in the axial direction. The total −6 dB DOF, i.e., sum of two −6 dB DOFs in the near and far field lobes, was 40% longer than that of the conventional single element transducer. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) was increased by about two times, especially in the far field. The point and cyst phantom simulation were conducted and their results were identical to that of the beam pattern simulation. Thus, the proposed scheme may be a potential method to improve the DOF and SNR in HFUI. View Full-Text
Keywords: high frequency ultrasound imaging; depth of field; signal-to-noise ratio; dual-element transducer; phase-inversion; multi-focal zone high frequency ultrasound imaging; depth of field; signal-to-noise ratio; dual-element transducer; phase-inversion; multi-focal zone
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, J.S. Dual-Element Transducer with Phase-Inversion for Wide Depth of Field in High-Frequency Ultrasound Imaging. Sensors 2014, 14, 14278-14288.

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