The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these
manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers
submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Telehealth Coaching to Promote Bone Health and Nutrition in Deployed Soldiers
Authors: Mary S. McCarthy
Affiliation: Center for Nursing Science & Clinical Inquiry, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98388, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine if telehealth coaching is superior to one-time nutrition and fitness education regarding: a) dietary contributions to bone health, and b) exercise contributions to bone health, assessed before and after deployment. Young service men and women are returning from war with significant physical injuries, as well as “wear and tear” from long work hours, heavy body armor, and alterations in diet and exercise behaviors. This is the second in a series of studies examining the impact of deployment specifically on bone health and nutrition. Previous findings have demonstrated that inadequate consumption of calcium and vitamin D and a decrease in exercise while deployed can be detrimental to bone health. This prospective, longitudinal, cluster-randomized, controlled trial enrolled 234 Soldiers at baseline; 155 returned from deployment with 85 in the telehealth group and 70 in the control group, yielding a 34% attrition rate. All Soldiers received a nutrition and bone health class prior to deployment; Soldiers randomized to the telehealth intervention group received on-demand health-related messages via electronic mail platforms. Baseline 25(OH) vitamin D revealed a high rate of insufficiency (61%, level < 30 ng/mL) and moderate level of deficiency (17%, level < 20 ng/mL) in both groups. Soldier participants significantly improved their vitamin D levels post-deployment with the control group achieving a “sufficient” level; M=34.9 ng/mL. Post-deployment bone turnover measured by osteocalcin was significantly higher in the telehealth group (22.0 + 0.99 vs 28.3 + 1.1 ng/mL; p = 0.01) and change in sport index was positive for this group but negative for the control group (-0.17 + .09 vs 0.29 + 0.11; p = .01). Improving vitamin D status and remaining active while deployed appears to sustain healthy bone density in young Soldiers. Bone density remained stable with no significant difference between groups. Early and aggressive educational outreach efforts can prevent chronic musculoskeletal conditions and disabling osteoporosis.
Type of Paper: Article
Title: Fat Intake and Mental Health in Mid Aged Australian Women
Authors: Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lee Ting, Amanda Patterson; David Sibritt
Affiliations: Nutrition and Dietetics, School Health Sciences, Faculty Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle (UoN), University Drive, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Emerging evidence relates dietary intake of unsaturated fats to mental well-being. However, the relationship between dietary intake of unsaturated fats and depression or anxiety remains poorly understood. The aim of this paper was to undertake a cross-sectional analysis of the dietary intake of unsaturated fats in a mid-aged cohort of Australian women from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health (n= 9530; 50 – 55yo in 2001) and their relationship with markers of mental well-being (CESD-10 and SF36 Mental Health subscale). The study found that for every one unit increase in oleic acid (OA), the odds of diagnosed depression declines by 1% (Odd Ratio (OR)=0.99; p=0.03). Moreover, positive associations between total omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acids (n-9 MUFAs) and OA and Short Form-36 (SF-36) Mental Health subscale scores were found. Therefore, in a nationally representative sample of Australian mid-aged women, higher OA intake was inversely associated with the risk of depression, and both higher OA and total n-9 MUFAs intakes were associated with better mental health outcomes. Further prospective observational studies and trials with regular follow-up are required to confirm the association.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Exploiting Food Resources: Risks and Benefits, Challenges and Opportunities of Sorghum
Authors: Proietti I., Frazzoli C. and Mantovani A.
Affiliation: Food and Veterinary Toxicology Unit, Dept. Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
Abstract: Food security challenges, including climate changes and population growth, call for attention towards currently neglected food resources, like sorghum. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a drought-resistant crop important in terms of nutritional, economic and social value, especially in semi-arid environments; it is a gluten-free staple food also valuable for people with celiac disease and gluten intolerance. Sorghum weaknesses include susceptibility to mycotoxins contamination, amino acid imbalance and endogenous anti- nutrients that partly impair its nutritional potential. This paper reviews and discusses pros and cons of sorghum as food source and investigate approaches for improving its risk-benefit balance, such as landraces selection and characterization of local food processing methods.
Title: Dietary Restriction of Sodium and Fluid in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension: An Often Underutilized Intervention
Authors: Zeiger T, Cueva Cobo G, Dillingham C, Lee A, Burger C.
Affiliations: Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road S, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA
E-Mails: email@example.com; Cueva.firstname.lastname@example.org; Dillingham.email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Abstract: Introduction. Right heart failure and fluid retention are common manifestations of pulmonary hypertension (PH). A straightforward intervention for improved control is dietary restriction of sodium and fluid; however, such a strategy may be underutilized in clinical practice.
Experimental Section. The study was approved by the Mayo Clinic Institutional Review Board. The design was retrospective review of prospectively collected data. A specific data information sheet was completed by consecutive patients seen in the PH Clinic. In addition to visit type, demographics, diagnosis, PH severity measures such as functional class, information was collected on prior and currently provided counseling for dietary restriction of sodium and fluid, as well as specific daily amounts advised. The data was reviewed for prevalence and specificity of such advice.
Results and Discussion. To be determined as data on approximately 100 patients is under review.
Keywords: Sodium Restriction, Fluid Restriction, Pulmonary Hypertension