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Healthcare 2014, 2(4), 429-444; doi:10.3390/healthcare2040429

The Relationship between Folic Acid and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Alabama, Box 870311, 504 University Blvd, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Received: 17 May 2014 / Revised: 18 September 2014 / Accepted: 13 October 2014 / Published: 23 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Close Relationship: Health and Nutrition)
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Abstract

There is considerable scientific evidence that many aspects of diet influence the occurrence of human disease. Many factors such as genetic, psychological, environmental and behavioral characteristics influence development of human disease, and there is a close relationship between nutrition and disease. Though typical Western diets are not overtly deficient in essential nutrients, nutriture of a few micro nutrients such as folic acid has been reported to be sub-optimal, particularly in women of childbearing age. The role of folic acid in the prevention of macrocytic anemia and neural tube defects is well established. However, the relationship between folic acid and risk of autism is still evolving. Furthermore, environmental as well as nutritional factors such as folic acid are now well acknowledged as interacting with the individual genetic background in development of several diseases. In this article, recent research regarding the relationship between folic acid and risk of autism is evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: micronutrients; folic acid; autism; metabolism; genetic; epigenetic micronutrients; folic acid; autism; metabolism; genetic; epigenetic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Neggers, Y. The Relationship between Folic Acid and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Healthcare 2014, 2, 429-444.

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