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Healthcare 2014, 2(3), 282-298; doi:10.3390/healthcare2030282

Dietary Intake Is Related to Multifactor Cardiovascular Risk Score in Obese Boys

1
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
2
Priority Research Center in Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
3
Early Start Research Institute, School of Education, Faculty of Social Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
4
The Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2145, Australia
5
School of Education, Faculty of Education and Arts, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
6
School of Biomedical Science and Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
7
School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2014 / Revised: 21 June 2014 / Accepted: 3 July 2014 / Published: 23 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Close Relationship: Health and Nutrition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [800 KB, uploaded 23 July 2014]   |  

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) originates in childhood and early identification of risk factors provides an early intervention opportunity. The aim was to identify children at higher risk using a CVD risk score, developed from factors known to cluster in childhood. Risk was scored as very high (≥97.5th centile), high (≥95th), moderate (≥90th) or threshold (<90th) using normal pediatric reference ranges for 10 common biomedical risk factors. These were summed in a multifactor CVD risk score and applied to a sample of 285 observations from 136 overweight Australian children (41% male, aged 7–12 years). Strength of associations between CVD risk score and individual biomedical and dietary variables were assessed using univariate logistic regression. High waist circumference (Odds Ratio: 5.48 [95% CI: 2.60–11.55]), body mass index (OR: 3.22 [1.98–5.26]), serum insulin (OR: 3.37 [2.56–4.42]) and triglycerides (OR: 3.02 [2.22–4.12]) were all significantly related to CVD risk score. High intakes of total fat (OR: 4.44 [1.19–16.60]), sugar (OR: 2.82 [1.54–5.15]) and carbohydrate (OR 1.75 [1.11–2.77]) were significantly related to CVD risk score in boys only. This multifactor CVD risk score could be a useful tool for researchers to identify elevated risk in children. Further research is warranted to examine sex-specific dietary factors related to CVD risk in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular risk; childhood; obesity; diet; nutrition cardiovascular risk; childhood; obesity; diet; nutrition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schumacher, T.L.; Burrows, T.L.; Cliff, D.P.; Jones, R.A.; Okely, A.D.; Baur, L.A.; Morgan, P.J.; Callister, R.; Boggess, M.M.; Collins, C.E. Dietary Intake Is Related to Multifactor Cardiovascular Risk Score in Obese Boys. Healthcare 2014, 2, 282-298.

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