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Healthcare 2015, 3(2), 310-323; doi:10.3390/healthcare3020310

Designing and Developing a Mobile Smartphone Application for Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Followed-Up at Diabetes Outpatient Clinics in Norway

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, PB 4 St. Olavs plass, Oslo N-0130, Norway
2
University Graduate Centre, P.O. Box 70, Kjeller N-2027, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Samir Samman and Ian Darnton-Hill
Received: 11 February 2015 / Revised: 8 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 May 2015 / Published: 21 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Close Relationship: Health and Nutrition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [319 KB, uploaded 21 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

The prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Controlling blood sugar levels is fundamental to the management of GDM. Current practice in Norway includes patients registering blood sugar levels in a booklet and receiving verbal and/or written health information. A smartphone application may provide patients individually targeted and easily available advice to control blood sugar levels. The aim of this paper is to document the process of designing and developing a smartphone application (the Pregnant+ app) that automatically transfers blood sugar levels from the glucometer and has information about healthy eating and physical activity. This formative research included expert-group discussions among health professionals, researchers and experts in data privacy and security. User-involvement studies were conducted to discuss prototypes of the app. Results indicated that the content of the application should be easy to understand given the varying degree of patients’ literacy and in line with the information they receive at clinics. The final version of the app incorporated behavior change techniques such as self-monitoring and cues to action. Results from the first round of interactions show the importance of involving expert groups and patients when developing a mobile health-care device. View Full-Text
Keywords: gestational diabetes mellitus; mobile health care; healthy eating; physical activity; user-centered design gestational diabetes mellitus; mobile health care; healthy eating; physical activity; user-centered design
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Garnweidner-Holme, L.M.; Borgen, I.; Garitano, I.; Noll, J.; Lukasse, M. Designing and Developing a Mobile Smartphone Application for Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Followed-Up at Diabetes Outpatient Clinics in Norway. Healthcare 2015, 3, 310-323.

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