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Healthcare 2014, 2(4), 505-515; doi:10.3390/healthcare2040505

A Prospective Cluster-Randomized Trial of Telehealth Coaching to Promote Bone Health and Nutrition in Deployed Soldiers

Center for Nursing Science and Clinical Inquiry, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA
Received: 12 August 2014 / Revised: 2 December 2014 / Accepted: 11 December 2014 / Published: 18 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Close Relationship: Health and Nutrition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [451 KB, uploaded 18 December 2014]

Abstract

Findings from previous studies suggest that inadequate consumption of calcium and vitamin D and a decrease in exercise while deployed can be detrimental to bone health. This study enrolled 234 soldiers randomized to receive one-time nutrition and exercise education pre-deployment (n = 149), or telehealth coaching (n = 85), throughout the deployment cycle. Results suggest that online educational efforts may enhance sports activity, bone turnover, and vitamin D status. Improving vitamin D status and remaining active while deployed appears to sustain healthy bone density in young soldiers. Early and aggressive educational outreach to young adults may prevent chronic musculoskeletal conditions and disabling osteoporosis later in life. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone health; nutrition; vitamin D; military; deployment; telehealth coaching bone health; nutrition; vitamin D; military; deployment; telehealth coaching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

McCarthy, M.S. A Prospective Cluster-Randomized Trial of Telehealth Coaching to Promote Bone Health and Nutrition in Deployed Soldiers. Healthcare 2014, 2, 505-515.

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