Special Issue "Climate Change and Forest Fire"

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A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Jianbang Gan
Professor, Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2138, USA
Website: http://essm.tamu.edu/people/faculty/gan-jianbang/
E-Mail: j-gan@tamu.edu

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Forest fire, though an integrative part of forest ecosystems, has become an increasing threat to ecosystems, properties and even human lives due to human influences and other forces. Climate change is likely to alter forest fire regimes, engendering a better understanding of its impact on forest fire activity and the development of mitigation and adaptation strategies. This Special Issue focuses on broad aspects of forest fire coupled with climate change, urbanization, and other forcing that has broad regional and global implications. Manuscripts based on field studies and/or modeling from around the world are welcome. This Special Issue is intended to assemble a unique collection of the latest research and review papers that address ecological, socioeconomic and/or policy aspects of forest fire and its mitigation and adaption options, and to advance our knowledge in these arenas.

Prof. Dr. Jianbang Gan
Guest Editor

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs).

Keywords

  • forest fire
  • mitigation
  • adaptation
  • climate change
  • urbanization
  • ecosystem

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Displaying article 1-5
p. 903-913
by ,  and
Forests 2015, 6(4), 903-913; doi:10.3390/f6040903
Received: 10 November 2014 / Revised: 9 March 2015 / Accepted: 13 March 2015 / Published: 24 March 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Forest Fire)
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p. 3241-3256
by  and
Forests 2014, 5(12), 3241-3256; doi:10.3390/f5123241
Received: 14 November 2014 / Revised: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 4 December 2014 / Published: 15 December 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Forest Fire)
p. 3169-3198
by , ,  and
Forests 2014, 5(12), 3169-3198; doi:10.3390/f5123169
Received: 9 September 2014 / Revised: 2 December 2014 / Accepted: 3 December 2014 / Published: 12 December 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Forest Fire)
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p. 2947-2966
by ,  and
Forests 2014, 5(12), 2947-2966; doi:10.3390/f5122947
Received: 1 September 2014 / Revised: 14 November 2014 / Accepted: 21 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Forest Fire)
p. 2490-2504
by  and
Forests 2014, 5(10), 2490-2504; doi:10.3390/f5102490
Received: 22 July 2014 / Revised: 4 September 2014 / Accepted: 11 October 2014 / Published: 17 October 2014
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Title:
Post-Fire Seedling Recruitment of Pinus halepensis and Morpho-Physiological Responses of Companion Species to Water Stress and Salvage Logging
Authors: Moya D.*, López-Serrano F.R., de las Heras J., Ferrandis P.,
Affiliation:
Technical School of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Campus Universitario s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain
Abstract:
Salvage logging is a usual emergency action carried out after in burned areas, but ecological effects remains unclear. Based on the projections of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, droughts in the Mediterranean Basin will increase which will change fire regimes. In this new scenario, forest management should be reviewed and adaptation should be implemented. Therefore, we carried out a study to check effects of salvage logging and summer drought in burned Aleppo pine forests.
In summer 2009, a mid-high severity fire burned 968 ha of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) forest in south-eastern Spain. Six months after the fire event, the Public Administration responsible of Forest Management carried out salvage logging. In spring 2010, we randomly established three 25-m linear transects in both study areas. Pine seedlings intercepting lines were counted and their total height recorded. During summer 2010, we set five square plots (2m x 2m) in untreated area and twenty square paired plots (2m x 2m) in logged area to follow recruitment and development of selected species. We induced drought by using rain-exclusion shelters covering 20% of the surface to intercept the same percentage of natural water supply by rain. We recorded soil water availability and the water stress in the plants, the predawn leaf water potential and abundance and coverage. We selected the resprouter Esparto grass and two obligate seeders, Rockrose and Rosemary to characterize the morphological development and physiological dynamics. Height and coverage were recorded, in addition to transpiration rate, net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and water use efficiency by using a portable gas exchange system. Seedling growth in control plots was significantly higher for the three species, being the coverage significantly higher for both seeder species. Regarding to the status of the plants, the esparto grass showed the lowest mean leaf water potential value in both treatments. After the drought period, the leaf water potential values were higher in the control area although not significantly. The net photosynthesis revealed significant differences depending on the species and the treatment, showing higher ratios for both seeder species but not affected by drought. We found no significant differences on survival. The water status of the studied species varied with the interception of 20% of precipitation although was significant just for esparto grass. However, lower transpiration and water use efficiency were found in the control area which induced the stimulation of the total height and cover, especially for seeders, rosemary and rockrose individuals. It was confirmed that climate change in the Mediterranean area influences productivity and development of adapted communities in the short term. Such a record could imply a failure on the survival or regeneration in the medium and long-term, mainly after disturbances such as severe droughts or wildfires.
Keywords:
Forest fires; Adaptive management, climate change, ecosystem resilience, photosynthesis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Stipa tenacissima, Cistus clusii.

 

Type of Paper: Review paper
Title:
Tools for Assessing Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Forest Fire
Authors: Hety Herawati, José Ramón González-Olabarria, Herry Purnomo, Rubeta Andriani, Arief Wijaya, Christopher Martius
Abstract:
Climate change can alter factors influencing the occurrence of ignitions, and fuel flammability and availability. There have been increasing concerns about the potential impacts of climate variability and change on fire regimes. This review paper aims for identifying tools and methods for gathering information on the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fire. Some tools including remote sensing, vegetation simulation models, fire danger rating systems, empirical models, integrated fire-vegetation models, and fire models are available for assessing the impacts of climate variability and change on forest fire. Each tool has its characteristics, methods to follow, and strengths and weaknesses.

Last update: 11 February 2015

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