Special Issue "Sustainability of Wastewater Treatment Processes and Management: Past, Present and Future"
A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 December 2013)
Dr. Andreas N. Angelakis
1 National Foundation for Agricultural Research (N.AG.RE.F.), Institute of Iraklio, 71110 Iraklio, Greece
2 Hellenic Union of Municipal Enterprises for Water Supply and Sewerage (EDEYA), 41222 Larissa, Greece
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Interests: water resources; environmental engineering; wastewater treatment; aquatic wastewater management systems; water and wastewater management for small and decentralized systems; water and wastewater quality; treated wastewater renovation and reuse; water and wastewater technologies in ancient civilizations
Prof. Dr. Giovanni de Feo
Department of Industrial Engineering (DIIn), University of Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
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Interests: chemical-physical processes; environmental decision support systems; environmental impact assessment; life cycle assessment; wastewater treatment technologies
The appropriate management and treatment of wastewater is fundamental because it directly and indirectly affects human development. The purpose of this Special Issue is to discuss the sustainability of wastewater treatment processes and management looking back at the past (from ancient civilizations to modern times), critically evaluating the state-of-the art and arguing on the future perspectives. The first successful effort in wastewater management was the wastewater drainage of the early cities in the East. During the Bronze Age, wastewater management was practiced in several Minoan palaces and settlements in modern day Crete. The Romans were masters in water and wastewater engineering. Passing from the old world to the modern, one of the most revolutionary inventions in the sanitary field was the water closet. The 20th Century saw the development of wastewater treatment processes (e.g., Imhoff tank, trickling filter, activate sludge process, etc.). In the future, the sustainability of wastewater treatment processes and management can be effectively pursued creating the condition for the coexistence of natural (e.g., constructed wetlands) and advanced processes (e.g., membrane biological reactor). This challenge is particularly important for developing countries. History can be of great help, learning from past mistakes and rediscovering ancient sustainable technologies.
Dr. Giovanni De Feo
Dr. Andreas N. Angelakis
Manuscript Submission Information
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- activated sludge
- ancient civilizations
- constructed wetlands
- developing countries
- membrane biological reactor
- trickling filter