Next Article in Journal
Laying the Foundation for Transdisciplinary Faculty Collaborations: Actions for a Sustainable Future
Next Article in Special Issue
The Historical Development of Sewers Worldwide
Previous Article in Journal
Green Supply Chain Collaboration for Fashionable Consumer Electronics Products under Third-Party Power Intervention—A Resource Dependence Perspective
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainability of Domestic Sewage Sludge Disposal
Sustainability 2014, 6(5), 2876-2892; doi:10.3390/su6052876
Review

Wastewater Recycling in Greece: The Case of Thessaloniki

1,* , 1
 and
2
1 Land Reclamation Institute of Thessaloniki, Hellenic Agricultural Organization DEMETER-N.AG.RE.F., 57400 Sindos Thessaloniki, Greece 2 Institute of Iraklion, Hellenic Agricultural Organization DEMETER-N.AG.RE.F., 71307 Iraklion and Hellenic Water Supply and Sewerage Services Association, 41222 Larissa, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2014 / Revised: 4 May 2014 / Accepted: 4 May 2014 / Published: 13 May 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1071 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

In Greece, and particularly in many southeastern and island areas, there is severe pressure on water resources, further exacerbated by the high demand of water for tourism and irrigation in summertime. The integration of treated wastewater into water resources management is of paramount importance to meet future demands. Despite this need, only a few projects of effluent reuse have been implemented, most of them being pilot projects of crop or landscape irrigation. The most important projects which are currently in practice are those of Thessaloniki, Chalkida, Malia, Livadia, Amfisa, Kalikratia, and Chersonissos. In Thessaloniki, at the most important wastewater reuse site, the secondary effluent of the city’s Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP) (165,000 m3/day) is used for agricultural irrigation after mixing with freshwater at a 1:5 ratio. The main crops irrigated are rice, corn, alfalfa and cotton. A few other projects are under planning, such as that at Iraklion, Agios Nikolaos and several island regions. Finally, it should be mentioned that there are several cases of indirect reuse, especially in central Greece. However, the reuse potential in Greece is limited, since effluent from Athens’s WWTP, serving approximately half of the country’s population, is not economically feasible due to the location of the plant.
Keywords: water recycling; wastewater reuse; wastewater in agriculture, water use in agriculture; agricultural water quality criteria; water reuse in Greece water recycling; wastewater reuse; wastewater in agriculture, water use in agriculture; agricultural water quality criteria; water reuse in Greece
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Ilias, A.; Panoras, A.; Angelakis, A. Wastewater Recycling in Greece: The Case of Thessaloniki. Sustainability 2014, 6, 2876-2892.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert