Special Issue "How does Outsourcing Affect the Economy and its Sustainability?"


A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Alessio Ishizaka
Portsmouth Business School, University of Portsmouth, Richmond Building, Portland Street, Portsmouth, PO1 3DE, UK
Website: http://www.port.ac.uk/operations-and-systems-management/staff/alessio-ishizaka.html
Interests: outsourcing; supply chain management; decision analysis; technology adoption; decision support systems; multi-criteria decision making

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The pressure of globalization, competition, reduced cycles times and increasing product complexity have forced many companies to search for new forms of organizations, in particular to meet the increasing needs for responsiveness and cost reduction. Outsourcing has been the most used solution. Its aim is to improve productivity, increase revenues and achieve greater flexibility. Outsourcing allows firms to offer better, faster, and more efficient products/services, thereby gaining value in the perception of customers. This business strategy has brought radical changes to how companies operate. If the short term benefits are evident, the long term benefits are less clear and certain. To help the companies in this long-term challenge, sustainable outsourcing frameworks are necessary (e.g., Ishizaka and Blakiston [1]).

The aim of this special issue is to publish state-of-the-art research papers focused on the economic sustainability of outsourcing practices and its consequences. Analytical models, empirical studies, and case-based studies are all welcomed as long as an article provides new insights and implications to the practice of management concerning outsourcing practices.

Guest Editor
Dr. Alessio Ishizaka

Alessio, I.; Rebecca, B. The 18 C’s model for a successful long-term outsourcing arrangement. Ind. Mark. Manag. 2012, 41, 1071–1080


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs).


  • outsourcing best practices
  • monitoring outsourcing performances
  • impact of outsourcing in organizational performances
  • development of frameworks for sustainable outsourcing
  • sustainable management of outsourcing activities
  • development of frameworks for a sustainable outsourcing arranagement
  • multi-criteria decision methods for outsouricing sustainability assessment
  • innovative business models for sustainable outsourcing
  • globalization, intercultural relationships and sustainable outsourcing

Published Papers (2 papers)

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p. 8399-8419
by ,  and
Sustainability 2015, 7(7), 8399-8419; doi:10.3390/su7078399
Received: 1 February 2015 / Revised: 22 June 2015 / Accepted: 25 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue How does Outsourcing Affect the Economy and its Sustainability?)
p. 1172-1185
by  and
Sustainability 2015, 7(2), 1172-1185; doi:10.3390/su7021172
Received: 19 November 2014 / Accepted: 13 January 2015 / Published: 23 January 2015
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: From Last Mile to Last 50 Miles Sustainable Ecologists City Solution: The Italian Pedemontana Veneta Case
Faccio Maurizio and Mauro Gamberi
Department of Management and Engineering, University of Padova, Stradella San Nicola, 3 36100 Vicenza, Italy
Freight distribution urban processes are, together with private traffic flows, one of the major sources of energy consumption, noxious gas emissions and noise levels in urban areas, resulting in the well-known negative impacts on life and environmental quality of our cities. A recent study in EU countries shows that about 60% of cities experience significant problems in adequately treating the processes related to urban logistics, and how the improvements of such processes represent one of the key elements for a sustainable approach to the development of the urban system. For this reason different EU cities tried in this last decade to implement Ecologists city solutions (i.e., Barcelona, Stockholm, Copenhagen , Parma, Vicenza) to supply the different economic activities located within the city centres. Each of these cities implemented different Eco logistics models to a typically unique and large city centre, where consolidated last-mile delivery service promoted by local authorities is combined with a system of permits and certifications of green vehicles and platforms of other freight transport operators.
The purpose of this study, differently by the existing cases, is to analyse the possibility to implement an integrated Ecologists solution to a wide set of (even very) small cities, all linked one to each other with efficient connections, where the last relevant part of transportation (even 50 miles) is outsourced to an unique centralized subject that performs green deliveries. The research considers a two logistic levels in the distribution model: a first logistic hub where all the supplies are collected and where a unique consolidate delivery reaches a series of transit points located near the city centres. The possibility to include closed loop supply chain models collecting solid recyclable wastes and e-commerce goods to deliver represents a further element of interest of the research. Through a wide field data collection on about 10 small cities in the north east of Italy close to Vicenza (the Italian Pedemontana Veneta area), the research aims to:

  • Analyse the possibility to implement Ecologists city solution to a wider area and to a wider number of integrated and collected small cities.
  • Consider innovative logistics models for a such green distribution network (two logistic levels and close loop logistics models).
  • Analyse the problem from all the stockholders point of view (communities, traditional transportations suppliers, economic activities based on the city centres) highlighting and classifying benefits and drawbacks.
  • Propose a general framework for assessing current initiatives and future options, quantitatively defining the most influencing variables and their ranges to make both environmental and economic sustainable Ecologists city solution applied to an wide integrated set of small city centres.

Last update: 26 February 2015

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