Special Issue "Titanium Alloys"
A special issue of Metals (ISSN 2075-4701).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2014)
Dr. M.T. Whittaker
University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Although titanium was originally discovered in the 18th century, significant developments in the titanium industry only occurred in the middle of the 20th century. These changes resulted from the emergence of the gas turbine engine. Since that time, the aerospace sector has dominated worldwide titanium use; the metal has applications in both engines and airframe structures. Titanium has a highly desirable combination of properties: these include excellent corrosion resistance, a high strength to weight ratio, and good fatigue resistance. Such qualities enable extensive applications; only high extraction and processing costs restrict further implementation.
Although the aerospace industry faces challenges related to increasing operating temperatures and the development of polymer based composites, innovative solutions, including metal matrix composites and titanium aluminides, provide pathways for future development. Furthermore, improvements in extractive metallurgy and processing methods have made titanium-based alloys more accessible to alternative industries. Industries currently utilizing these materials include the sports, biomedical, and marine sectors.
As more traditional applications are supplemented by exciting new opportunities, it is clear that extensive research opportunities are likely to exist in the titanium industry for the foreseeable future.
Dr. M.T. Whittaker
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- extractive metallurgy processing
- microstructure evolution