Special Issue "Liquid Metals"

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A special issue of Metals (ISSN 2075-4701).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2014)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Maria Jose Caturla
Instituto Universitario de Materiales de Alicante, Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Alicante, Ap. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
Interests: modelling materials at the atomic scale; molecular dynamics; kinetic Monte Carlo; modeling materials behavior far from equilibrium; irradiation andradiation damage of materials; shock propagation at the atomic scale; liquid-surface interactions; mechanical behavior of nanoscale systems
Guest Editor
Dr. Enrique Louis
Instituto Universitario de Materiales de Alicante, Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Alicante, Ap. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
Interests: condensed matter theory; physical metallurgy; strongly correlated systems; organic conducting materials; model Hamiltonians; transport through molecules and nano-contacts; metal and graphite based composites showing high thermal performance; surface tension of metals and alloys
Guest Editor
Dr. Jose Miguel Molina
Instituto Universitario de Materiales de Alicante, Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Alicante, Ap. 99, E-03080 Alicante, Spain
Interests: wettability at high temperatures; metal-ceramic interfaces; surface tension of metals; metal matrix composite materials: processing and characterization; composites of high thermal conductivity; metallic foams; magnesium foams; carbon foams
Guest Editor
Prof. Jian-Zhong Jiang
International Center for New-Structured Materials (ICNSM), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, 310027 Hangzhou, China
Phone: 8657187952107
Interests: disordered metals, including liquids and amorphous solids, from designing, characterization to properties; atomic structure, phase transformation, mechanical behavior of disordered metals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The aim of this special issue is to provide the most recent information on classical aspects of liquid metals and, at the same time, highlight recent discoveries that have greatly broadened the scope of technological applications of these materials. It is desirable that the issue starts with an article gathering most recent data on the main properties of liquid metals (free energy, viscosity, density, surface tension, etc.). This could be followed by classical articles of critical relevance, e.g., the structure of liquid metals. The combined use of synchrotron x-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations is enabling investigation of the finer details of the structure of liquid metals. For instance, it has been found that in some liquid metals the inter–atomic distance contracts on heating, while at the same time coordination decreases. Improvements in understanding the physics of liquid metals are to a large extent due to the powerful theoretical tools now available to scientists. By this, we mainly refer to ab initio molecular dynamics calculations. An article on the fundamentals of this technique will be included in the special issue. Surface tension and wetting at metal/ceramic interfaces (experimental and theoretical) is an ongoing field of fundamental research with important technological implications. One issue which is not yet fully understood is the positive temperature coefficient of surface tension as shown by some liquid metals. Finally an article on liquid mercury will be welcome.

As regards recent discoveries, the most outstanding is perhaps the development of gallium alloys which are liquid at room temperature, and, due to the oxide layer covering the surface, maintain some “stiffness”. This has opened the possibility of 3D printing with liquid metals. A variety of families of liquid metallic alloys that form amorphous materials when solidified are expected to give rise to revolutionary technologies. The study of liquid metals under microgravity conditions is shedding light on several key aspects of solidification. The use of liquid metal solutions to produce greener crystalline silicon is expected to provide a practical way to produce this old but still essential material. The study of turbulent convection in liquid metals is becoming increasingly relevant in the field of Geophysics. A nano liquid metal is a suspension of liquid metal and its alloy containing nanometer-sized particles. Nano liquid metal at room temperature and its alloys were first introduced in the area of cooling high heat flux devices, which has now become a commercial reality. However, their applications are not reserved to in chip cooling but also can be extended to waste heat recovery, kinetic energy harvesting, thermal interface material, etc. This is mainly due to their diverse properties, such as the low melting point, high thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as other additional physical or chemical properties. Articles on these hot topics are invited for inclusion in this special issue.

Dr. Maria Jose Caturla
Dr. Enrique Louis
Dr. Jose Miguel Molina
Prof. Jian-Zhong Jiang
Guest Editors

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Metals is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 600 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Keywords

  • structure of liquid metals.
  • ab-initio molecular dynamics calculations.
  • interfacial properties: wetting and surface tension.
  • positive surface tension temperature coefficient.
  • metallic gallium alloys liquid at room temperature (3d printing)
  • most outstanding families of liquid metal alloys: a revolutionary technology.
  • liquid metals under microgravity conditions.
  • use of liquid metals solutions to produce greener crystalline silicon.
  • geophysics: turbulent convection in liquid metals
  • nano liquid metals

Published Papers (10 papers)

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Displaying article 1-10
p. 1212-1240
by ,  and
Metals 2015, 5(3), 1212-1240; doi:10.3390/met5031212
Received: 5 January 2015 / Revised: 15 June 2015 / Accepted: 19 June 2015 / Published: 14 July 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 395-417
by
Metals 2015, 5(1), 395-417; doi:10.3390/met5010395
Received: 30 November 2014 / Revised: 17 February 2015 / Accepted: 1 March 2015 / Published: 11 March 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 350-370
by
Metals 2015, 5(1), 350-370; doi:10.3390/met5010350
Received: 4 February 2015 / Revised: 24 February 2015 / Accepted: 1 March 2015 / Published: 10 March 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 289-335
by , ,  and
Metals 2015, 5(1), 289-335; doi:10.3390/met5010289
Received: 25 July 2014 / Revised: 2 September 2014 / Accepted: 9 February 2015 / Published: 9 March 2015
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 40-51
by , , , , ,  and
Metals 2015, 5(1), 40-51; doi:10.3390/met5010040
Received: 1 October 2014 / Accepted: 19 December 2014 / Published: 26 December 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 570-585
by
Metals 2014, 4(4), 570-585; doi:10.3390/met4040570
Received: 23 October 2014 / Revised: 26 November 2014 / Accepted: 2 December 2014 / Published: 8 December 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 519-529
by , ,  and
Metals 2014, 4(4), 519-529; doi:10.3390/met4040519
Received: 22 September 2014 / Revised: 14 October 2014 / Accepted: 10 November 2014 / Published: 21 November 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 490-502
by , ,  and
Metals 2014, 4(4), 490-502; doi:10.3390/met4040490
Received: 19 September 2014 / Revised: 11 October 2014 / Accepted: 22 October 2014 / Published: 30 October 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
p. 465-476
by ,  and
Metals 2014, 4(4), 465-476; doi:10.3390/met4040465
Received: 1 August 2014 / Revised: 18 September 2014 / Accepted: 8 October 2014 / Published: 15 October 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
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p. 359-387
by
Metals 2014, 4(3), 359-387; doi:10.3390/met4030359
Received: 30 April 2014 / Revised: 10 July 2014 / Accepted: 16 July 2014 / Published: 6 August 2014
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Last update: 3 February 2015

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