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Metals 2015, 5(1), 40-51; doi:10.3390/met5010040

The Effect of Mg Adding Order on the Liquid Structure and Solidified Microstructure of the Al-Si-Mg-P Alloy: An Experiment and ab Initio Study

Key Laboratory for Liquid-Solid Structural Evolution and Processing of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, 17923 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250061, China
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Academic Editor: Enrique Louis
Received: 1 October 2014 / Accepted: 19 December 2014 / Published: 26 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Metals)
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Abstract

In this paper, the relationship between the liquid structure and the corresponding solidified microstructure of an Al-Si-Mg-P alloy was studied. Experimental results show that Mg can reduce the phosphorous-modification effect if it was added after adding Al-P alloy. However, when it is added before adding Al-P alloy, Mg has no effect on the phosphorous-modification. It is considered that the difference in liquid structure induced by changing the adding order of Mg should be responsible for the above phenomenon, and was investigated by ab initio molecular dynamics simulation (AIMD). It was believed that the high-active Mg atoms could bond P atoms to form P-Mg clusters and then reduce the modification effect of AlP, when pure Mg was added into the prepared Al-Si-P melt. When the pure Mg was added into Al-Si melt before adding Al-P alloy, the Mg atoms would be first occupied by Si atoms to form Mg-Si clusters, and thus lose the ability to eliminate P-Al clusters which dissolve into melt later, leading to a good phosphorous-modification effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: AlP; Mg; modification; Al-Si alloy; liquid structure; evolution; simulation AlP; Mg; modification; Al-Si alloy; liquid structure; evolution; simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, X.; Jiang, W.; Li, M.; Qiao, H.; Wu, Y.; Qin, J.; Liu, X. The Effect of Mg Adding Order on the Liquid Structure and Solidified Microstructure of the Al-Si-Mg-P Alloy: An Experiment and ab Initio Study. Metals 2015, 5, 40-51.

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