Special Issue "Regional Sustainability Research Network: Selected Papers from the Expert Group Meeting on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals with Water–Food–Ecosystem Resilience in the Mid-Latitude Region"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2017)
Prof. Dr. Menas C. Kafatos
Chapman University, Korea University, National Observatory of Athens, Greece
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Interests: climate change impacts on agriculture in semi-arid MLR (Mid-Latitude Region), wildland fires in MLR, droughts in MLR, climate change adaptation, urban ecological vulnerability, modeling and RS observations, advance signatures of earthquakes, conscious living and resilience in a changing environment
Dr. Florian Kraxner
Ecosystems Services and Management Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
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Interests: socioeconomics and policies of the LULUCF sector, forest-based bioenergy, renewable energy systems optimization, ecosystems services integration, negative emissions by linking bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)
Prof. Dr. Kanaris Tsinganos
The Mid-Latitude Region (MLR), broadly defined as the region between 30 and 60 degrees latitude, is important for many reasons. It involves the global carbon budget, climate change adaptation/mitigation, and sustainable development in terms of food, water, and ecosystems. It includes other unique characteristics: It is a large region extending over the entire earth, spanning all longitudes. The latitude range includes regions of various climates, such as temperate and alpine climate, diverse land cover types (such as deserts, semi-arid regions, Mediterranean climate, large forested areas, coastal regions, agricultural regions, etc.) as well as urban cities and most megacities of the world.
Roughly half of the population of the earth lives in the MLR, with combined GDP of more than 75% of the global value. Despite the socio-economic and cultural diversity, this region shares some common elements and often similar climate characteristics. Due to the continuous population growth and mobility, rapid urbanization, economic development and climate change, countries in the MLR are facing increased stresses for water and food as well as land degradation and desertification. These common challenges can be effectively addressed in water–food–ecosystem resilience. Studying the MLR allows inter-comparisons and common studies linking different regions on the one hand, and similar regions, on the other hand. Furthermore, resilience is especially challenged by low precipitation, low cropland density and fertility (food security) and geopolitical conflicts.
Overall, the MLR covers a large population, high poverty incidences, rich biodiversity which is degrading at a fast rate to reduce the ecosystem resilience. Ecosystem resilience in this region is a critical pre-requisite for sustaining water, food, ecosystem and human wellbeing. Resource allocation must be prioritized for quick understanding of emerging environmental and social developmental issues in the MLR to guide adaptation and mitigation strategies.
The Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on water–food–ecosystem resilience was hosted by UNOSD (United Nations Office for Sustainable Development) in collaboration with the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) Korea, the Korean Ministry of Environment and of O-Jeong Eco-Resilience Institute (OJERI) at Korea University in November 2016. This EGM was designed to promote water–food–ecosystem resilience in the mid-latitude region by providing a platform for experts to share their knowledge and experience and to enhance cooperation which potentially establishes a long-term partnership within the research-policy interface for water–food–ecosystem resilience. Participating experts shared their experiences of how to tackle challenging areas in their national and sub-regional context. This Special Issue comprises selected papers from the meeting, sharing presentations and discussions in the meeting, and we propose further common activities of the Mid-Latitude Research Network (MLRN).
Prof. Dr. Woo-Kyun, Lee
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Sustainable development
- Water–Food–Ecosystem Nexus
- Mid-Latitude Region (MLR)
- Mid-Latitude Research Network (MLRN)
- Latitudinal approach
- Ecosystem resilience
- Common approaches and challenges