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Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1361; doi:10.3390/su9081361

Responses of Agroecosystems to Climate Change: Specifics of Resilience in the Mid-Latitude Region

1
Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling and Observations, Chapman University, Orange, CA 92866, USA
2
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
3
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 28 July 2017 / Published: 2 August 2017
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Abstract

This study examines the productivity and resilience of agroecosystems in the Korean Peninsula. Having learned valuable lessons from a Chapman University project funded by the United States Department of Agriculture which concentrated on the semi-arid region of southwestern United States, our joint Korea—Chapman University team has applied similar methodologies to the Korean Peninsula, which is itself an interesting study case in the mid-latitude region. In particular, the Korean Peninsula has unique agricultural environments due to differences in political and socioeconomic systems between South Korea and North Korea. Specifically, North Korea has been suffering from food shortages due to natural disasters, land degradation and political failure. The neighboring developed country, South Korea, has a better agricultural system but a low food self-sufficiency rate. Therefore, assessing crop yield potential (Yp) in the two distinct regions will reveal vulnerability and risks of agroecosystems in the mid-latitude region under climate change and variability and for different conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecosystem; climate change; resilience; multi-model ensemble; mid-latitude region agroecosystem; climate change; resilience; multi-model ensemble; mid-latitude region
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Kafatos, M.C.; Kim, S.H.; Lim, C.-H.; Kim, J.; Lee, W.-K. Responses of Agroecosystems to Climate Change: Specifics of Resilience in the Mid-Latitude Region. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1361.

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