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Special Issue "Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Chih-Chun Kung

Institute of Poyang Lake Eco-economics at Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, China
Website | E-Mail
Interests: renewable energy; lifecycle analysis
Guest Editor
Prof. Bruce A. McCarl

Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: resource, agricultural and forestry policy; sector modeling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

There is evidence that climate change has resulted in many undesirable consequences, such as ocean level rise, desertification, and increased possibility of extreme events. Meanwhile, fossil fuels are considered as the main driver of climate change plus it can be depleted; thus, it is desirable that we find, develop, and promote renewable energy sources that both maintain the environment and provide sustainable energy. However, renewable energy is in many cases costlier than fossil fuels. In order to justify renewable fuel expansion, their full value must be recognized and, thus, their economic and environmental benefits must be comprehensively analyzed in terms of climate change mitigation, energy security, social development, and wealth distribution. In addition, it is also crucial to understand how government policies may affect the future for renewables and other energy forms. The aim of this Special Issue is to explore, document, investigate the full benefits and future prospects for renewable energy sources today and in a future with an expanding amount of climate change.

This Special Issue on “Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change” encourages a diverse set of submissions.

Topics include:

  • Comprehensive analysis of the economic and environmental consequences of renewable energy.
  • Policy analysis of green energy development under climate change.
  • Enhancement of energy security from domestically produced renewable energy.
  • Lifecycle analysis on large scale renewable energy utilization.
  • Relation between green energy development and changes on social welfare.
  • Innovations in renewable energy technology and their future influence.
  • New analytical and modeling frameworks regarding renewable energy development and its future are particularly welcomed.

Prof. Chih-Chun Kung
Prof. Bruce A. McCarl
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Clean energy
  • climate change mitigation
  • quantitative analysis
  • sustainable development

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Cooling Energy Implications of Occupant Factor in Buildings under Climate Change
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2039; doi:10.3390/su9112039
Received: 24 October 2017 / Revised: 5 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 November 2017 / Published: 7 November 2017
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Abstract
Occupant factor is a critical element in the overall energy consumption of buildings. This study aims to reveal how occupant factors influence the energy consumption of example buildings in Seoul, Tokyo, and Hong Kong under climate change projections, and to prioritize factors with
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Occupant factor is a critical element in the overall energy consumption of buildings. This study aims to reveal how occupant factors influence the energy consumption of example buildings in Seoul, Tokyo, and Hong Kong under climate change projections, and to prioritize factors with energy saving potential for buildings in consideration of future climate change. The study finds that the cooling degree-hours base of 23.3 °C in the three cities sharply increases with future climate change by analyzing future hourly weather data produced herein. Simulations are made with EnergyPlus Runtime Language (Erl) for modeling occupant behavior. The simulation results reveal that a dynamic thermostat control based on an adaptive comfort model is an effective method to reduce cooling energy consumption under future climate change, reducing cooling energy consumption by up to 18% in some instances. In particular, we reveal that a combined application of the adaptive comfort control, nighttime ventilation, and the use of occupancy-based lighting and equipment result in reducing cooling energy consumption by 28%. The outcomes of this study are potentially useful in providing cost-effective solutions to adapt buildings for future climate change with simple modifications to occupant behavior. Also, the roles of renewable energy are briefly discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change)
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Open AccessArticle Trade-Offs between Economic and Environmental Optimization of the Forest Biomass Generation Supply Chain in Inner Mongolia, China
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2030; doi:10.3390/su9112030
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 6 November 2017
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Abstract
The utilization of forest residue to produce forest biomass energy can mitigate CO2 emissions and generate additional revenue for related eco-enterprises and farmers. In China, however, the benefit of this utilization is still in question because of high costs and CO2
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The utilization of forest residue to produce forest biomass energy can mitigate CO2 emissions and generate additional revenue for related eco-enterprises and farmers. In China, however, the benefit of this utilization is still in question because of high costs and CO2 emissions in the entire supply chain. In this paper, a multi-objective linear programming model (MLP) is employed to analyze the trade-offs between the economic and environmental benefits of all nodes within the forest biomass power generation supply chain. The MLP model is tested in the Mao Wu Su biomass Thermoelectric Company. The optimization results show that (1) the total cost and CO2 emissions are decreased by US$98.4 thousand and 60.6 thousand kg, respectively; 3750 thousand kg of waste-wood products is reduced and 3750 thousand kg of sandy shrub stubble residue is increased; (2) 64% of chipped sandy shrub residue is transported directly from the forestland to the power plant, 36% of non-chipped sandy shrub residue is transported from the forestland to the power plant via the chipping plant; (3) transportation and chipping play a significant role in the supply chain; and (4) the results of a sensitivity analysis show that the farmer’s average transportation distance should be 84.13 km and unit chipping cost should be $0.01022 thousand for the optimization supply cost and CO2 emissions. Finally, we suggest the following: (1) develop long-term cooperation with farmers; (2) buy chain-saws for regularly used farmers; (3) build several chipping plants in areas that are rich in sandy shrub. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change)
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Open AccessArticle Measuring the Performance of Industrial Green Development Using a Non-Radial Directional Distance Function Approach: A Case Study of Jiangxi Province in China
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1757; doi:10.3390/su9101757
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
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Abstract
The industrial sector is a major contributor to resource consumption and environmental pollution in China. The energy-intensive industrial development and energy structure are dominated by coal, which has produced an enormous amount of industrial pollutants in China, and put great pressure on the
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The industrial sector is a major contributor to resource consumption and environmental pollution in China. The energy-intensive industrial development and energy structure are dominated by coal, which has produced an enormous amount of industrial pollutants in China, and put great pressure on the ecological environment. Hence, improving the performance of industrial green development (PIGD) has become an urgent task of utmost importance. This study applies a global non-radial directional distance function to estimate the PIGD for Jiangxi Province during 2003–2015, and provides targeted policy suggestions. The empirical results show a rising trend in the PIGD in Jiangxi Province. At the city level, Nanchang and Fuzhou performed considerably better than other cities in regards to their PIGD. However, the poor environmental performance caused by the excessive discharge of industrial pollutants has also hindered its PIGD. Most cities in Jiangxi Province failed to efficiently use resources, especially energy and labor, in industrial production. The results of the influencing factor analysis show that the performance of industrial green development in Jiangxi could be improved through increasing per capita GDP, decreasing the share of coal consumption in the total industrial energy consumption, and decreasing the share of industrial GDP in the total GDP. Furthermore, a more efficient use of environmental management investment funds and timely transfer of the surplus industrial labor are needed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change)
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