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Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1757; doi:10.3390/su9101757

Measuring the Performance of Industrial Green Development Using a Non-Radial Directional Distance Function Approach: A Case Study of Jiangxi Province in China

1
Institute of Ecological Civilization, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
2
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8572, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 28 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy Development under Climate Change)
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Abstract

The industrial sector is a major contributor to resource consumption and environmental pollution in China. The energy-intensive industrial development and energy structure are dominated by coal, which has produced an enormous amount of industrial pollutants in China, and put great pressure on the ecological environment. Hence, improving the performance of industrial green development (PIGD) has become an urgent task of utmost importance. This study applies a global non-radial directional distance function to estimate the PIGD for Jiangxi Province during 2003–2015, and provides targeted policy suggestions. The empirical results show a rising trend in the PIGD in Jiangxi Province. At the city level, Nanchang and Fuzhou performed considerably better than other cities in regards to their PIGD. However, the poor environmental performance caused by the excessive discharge of industrial pollutants has also hindered its PIGD. Most cities in Jiangxi Province failed to efficiently use resources, especially energy and labor, in industrial production. The results of the influencing factor analysis show that the performance of industrial green development in Jiangxi could be improved through increasing per capita GDP, decreasing the share of coal consumption in the total industrial energy consumption, and decreasing the share of industrial GDP in the total GDP. Furthermore, a more efficient use of environmental management investment funds and timely transfer of the surplus industrial labor are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; performance of industrial green development (PIGD); environmental management; global non-radial directional distance function; sustainable development China energy consumption; performance of industrial green development (PIGD); environmental management; global non-radial directional distance function; sustainable development China
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Wang, W.; Xie, H.; Lu, F.; Zhang, X. Measuring the Performance of Industrial Green Development Using a Non-Radial Directional Distance Function Approach: A Case Study of Jiangxi Province in China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1757.

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