Special Issue "Climate Change Effects on Freshwater Organisms and Ecosystems"
A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2016)
Prof. Dr. Xing Fang
Department of Civil Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
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Interests: water quality modeling; climate change; lakes; rivers; hydrological modeling; water resources engineering; watershed hydrology; water quality monitoring; water quality analysis; eutrophication; surface hydrology; rainfall runoff modelling; aquatic ecosystems; fish habitat; regional climate modeling; stormwater managment
Dr. James Stoeckel
School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences College of Agriculture Auburn University Auburn, Alabama (AL) 36849-5337 USA
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Interests: population ecology; invasive species; ecotoxicology; population bottlenecks; physiological ecology; freshwater invertebrates
Understanding the effects of the changing global environment on freshwater organisms and ecosystems is fundamental to improving ecological and environmental strategies and mitigation methods to protect freshwater ecosystems. Although freshwater systems (streams, lakes, and reservoirs) comprise less than 1% of the world’s water, they play a critically important role in the Earth’s ecosystem and biosphere. Freshwater systems contain a disproportionately high level of species richness (species/km2) compared to marine and terrestrial systems, but, unfortunately, they also contain a disproportionately high level of imperiled species. Freshwater systems are also a critical source of drinking and irrigation water for humans. Changes in the global environment are driven by a combination of natural and anthropogenic (e.g. urban/agricultural/industrial) drivers, resulting in changing climate and land-use/land-cover patterns. These changes may lead to hydrological, chemical, and biological changes in freshwater systems and associated watersheds. Water quality is a critical issue due to its direct influence on public health, biological integrity of natural resources, and the economy. For example, feedbacks between water quality and aquatic organisms directly impact dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide source/sink dynamics. Temperature, nutrients, light penetration, and pollutants affect dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide production and consumption rates via processes such as photosynthesis of actively growing plants and decomposition of dead plants and animals. Climate variations (seasonal or inter-annual) directly affect the heat budget of aquatic systems through surface heat exchange between the water and atmosphere. An increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide and/or other greenhouse gases is projected to exacerbate climate warming, which would further alter water temperature, ice/snow cover, and water quality characteristics in aquatic systems. Land-use/land-cover changes and anthropogenic changes affect sediment, nutrient, and chemical inputs to aquatic systems. These changes are, in turn, expected to have major impacts on population dynamics and diversity of freshwater species. A major challenge for scientists and managers is to understand the complex system of feedbacks between global change, freshwater ecosystems, and the wide array of biodiversity and ecosystem services that freshwater systems provide.
Dr. Xing Fang
Dr. James Stoeckel
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- global change
- freshwater ecosystem
- climate change
- ecological health
- water quality
- freshwater organism
- fish habitat
- land use
- ecosystem services