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Special Issue "1st International MYCOKEY Conference: Advances on Mycotoxin Reduction in the Food and Feed Chain"

A special issue of Toxins (ISSN 2072-6651). This special issue belongs to the section "Mycotoxins".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 December 2017

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Sarah De Saeger

Department of Bioanalysis, Laboratory of Food Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Website | E-Mail
Interests: mycotoxins; analysis; metabolomics; food safety
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Antonio Logrieco

Institute of Sciences of Food Production, ISPA-CNR, Via G. Amendola, 122/O, I-70126 Bari, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: mycology; phytotoxins and mycotoxins, plant pathology, fungal genetic and fermentation technology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 1st International MYCOKEY conference, entitled “Global Mycotoxin Reduction in the Food and Feed Chain” will be held in Ghent, Belgium, 11–14 September, 2017. The EU project MycoKey (http://www.mycokey.eu/) proposes an integrated management of pre- and post-harvest practices, aiming at minimizing the risk of mycotoxin contamination of main crops in the agro-food chain with effective and practical solutions. The project will contribute to the reduction of mycotoxin contamination at a global level, with particular attention on Europe and China, where frequent and severe mycotoxin contaminations occur in crops, and where international trade of commodities and contaminated batches are increasing. Moreover, this conference will be organized in collaboration with another important EU project, dedicated to the mycotoxin problem, MyToolBox (https://www.mytoolbox.eu/).

The goal of this conference is to share knowledge at a global level, as well as to provide practical solutions to operators, directly involved in specific food and feed chains. This will be done through the development of tools for the prevention, monitoring, and reduction of mycotoxins in the field or during industrial processing, in a dynamic system able to consider variable data and information. Through this conference, we will present scientific and technological advances showing the most recent research results and integrated approaches to boost innovation in the agro-food sector.

The Special Issue is open for all advanced contributions (research papers, as well as review papers) related to the following topics in mycotoxin research:

Mycotoxins and Fungi/Plant Diseases (pre-harvest)

  • Biodiversity and toxigenic fungi monitoring
  • Biocontrol
  • Breeding for resistance
  • Fungicide applications
  • Field management (including modelling)

Mycotoxins and Food/Feed Contamination (post-harvest and food/feed processing)

  • Occurrence
  • Mycotoxin monitoring and analysis
  • Post-harvest intervention strategies
  • Detoxification strategies
  • Safe use of mycotoxin contaminated biomasses

Mycotoxins and Human/Animal Health

  • Animal health and toxicology
  • Human health and toxicology
  • Toxicokinetics
  • In vitro and in vivo mycotoxin detoxifying agents

Moreover, research and review papers dedicated to topics such as climate change, developing countries, and ICT solutions related to the mycotoxin issue, are very much appreciated. Particular attention will be dedicated to contributions addressing effective prevention and reduction of the risk of mycotoxin contamination to give practical answers to requests coming from markets and producers, in order to support them in the different phases of the food production chains, starting from harvest to storage and transformation.

For additional links to the conference that may be useful, please visit:
http://mytox.be/conferences/.

Prof. Dr. Antonio F. Logrieco
Prof. Dr. Sarah De Saeger
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxins is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Awareness and Prevalence of Mycotoxin Contamination in Selected Nigerian Fermented Foods
Toxins 2017, 9(11), 363; doi:10.3390/toxins9110363
Received: 20 October 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 4 November 2017 / Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (614 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Fermented food samples (n = 191) including maize gruel (ogi), sorghum gruel (ogi-baba), melon seed (ogiri), locust bean (iru) and African oil bean seed (ugba) from Southwest Nigeria were quantified for 23
[...] Read more.
Fermented food samples (n = 191) including maize gruel (ogi), sorghum gruel (ogi-baba), melon seed (ogiri), locust bean (iru) and African oil bean seed (ugba) from Southwest Nigeria were quantified for 23 mycotoxins, including aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), fumonisin B1 (FB1), and sterigmatocystin (STE) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The practices, perceived understanding and health risks related to fungal and mycotoxin contamination amongst fermented food sellers was also established. Data obtained revealed that 82% of the samples had mycotoxins occurring singly or in combination. FB1 was present in 83% of ogi-baba samples, whereas 20% of ugba samples contained AFB1 (range: 3 to 36 µg/kg) and STE was present in 29% of the ogi samples. In terms of multi-mycotoxin contamination, FB1 + FB2 + FB3 + STE + AFB1 + alternariol + HT-2 co-occurred within one sample. The awareness study revealed that 98% of respondents were unaware of mycotoxin contamination, and their education level slightly correlated with their level of awareness (p < 0.01, r = 0.308). The extent to which the analyzed mycotoxins contaminated these food commodities, coupled with the poor perception of the population under study on fungi and mycotoxins, justifies the need to enact fungal and mycotoxin mitigation strategies along the food chain. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Ability of Soil Isolated Actinobacterial Strains to Prevent, Bind and Biodegrade Ochratoxin A
Toxins 2017, 9(7), 222; doi:10.3390/toxins9070222
Received: 19 May 2017 / Revised: 24 June 2017 / Accepted: 9 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
PDF Full-text (372 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins, and contaminates several agricultural products, particularly cereals, grapes, maize, barley, spices and coffee. The aim of this project was to reduce the levels of OTA by supplementing the artificially contaminated solutions with seven
[...] Read more.
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins, and contaminates several agricultural products, particularly cereals, grapes, maize, barley, spices and coffee. The aim of this project was to reduce the levels of OTA by supplementing the artificially contaminated solutions with seven strains of actinobacteria (AT10, AT8, SN7, MS1, ML5, G10 and PT1) in order to evaluate their capacity for binding and metabolizing the OTA, as well as their ability to reduce the expression of the genes responsible for its production in A. carbonarius. In the first part of this study, we evaluated the capacity of Streptomyces strains for binding OTA on their surfaces after 0, 30 and 60 min of incubation with PBS solution supplemented with OTA. In the second part, we tested the ability of these strains, as well as their supernatants, to detoxify the ISP2 medium. Finally, we studied the effect of the Streptomyces cocultured with Aspergillus carbonarius on the expression of OTA biosynthesis genes. Results showed that, among the strains co-cultured with A. carbonarius, the strain G10 was able to reduce the expression of acpks, acOTApks, acOTAnrps and vea genes, thus reducing OTA from solid PDA medium to 13.50% of reduction. This strain was remarkably able to detoxify and bind OTA up to 47.07%. Strain AT8 was stronger in detoxifying OTA (52.61%), but had no significant effect on the studied gene expression. Full article
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Open AccessMeeting Report Report from the 1st MYCOKEY International Conference Global Mycotoxin Reduction in the Food and Feed Chain Held in Ghent, Belgium, 11–14 September 2017
Toxins 2017, 9(9), 276; doi:10.3390/toxins9090276
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 1 September 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 8 September 2017
PDF Full-text (1241 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This conference is organized within the framework of the H2020—Research and Innovation Action—Societal Challenge 2—“Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine, maritime and inland water research and the bioeconomy challenge”—GA 678781 MycoKey “Integrated and innovative key actions for mycotoxin management in the food
[...] Read more.
This conference is organized within the framework of the H2020—Research and Innovation Action—Societal Challenge 2—“Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine, maritime and inland water research and the bioeconomy challenge”—GA 678781 MycoKey “Integrated and innovative key actions for mycotoxin management in the food and feed chain” [...]
Full article
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