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Special Issue "Transport Policy"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2017

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Stefan Gössling

Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, Sweden; School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Sweden; Western Norway Research Institute
Website | E-Mail
Interests: tourism; transportation; sustainability

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Transport policy makers face growing challenges, including concerns over air pollution and health, high accident numbers, rising emissions of greenhouse gases, infrastructure expansion limits and traffic density. All of these are reflections of transport systems facing breaking points. Yet, while politicians will often be aware of problems, willingness to work towards more sustainable transport futures has remained limited.

As an example, the bicycle is a transport mode that is both politically warranted and socially favoured, but progress in re-assigning even smaller shares of road infrastructure to cyclists has remained slow. Air traffic is growing at a massive scale, with conflicts over new runways, and very limited evidence that the sector’s global warming impacts will be addressed: Curbing air travel, if only by reducing subsidies to the sector, is a political taboo. Socially beneficial developments are observable with regard to Information and Communication Technologies, which continue to revolutionise public transport systems. Ride share systems have become common in some parts of the world, replacing the private car. Electric, automated mobility is close to becoming technically feasible. Yet, all of these have in common that policy makers seem reluctant to pro-actively address developments and to support the emergence of socially and environmentally more desirable transport systems.

Against this background, this special issue focuses on transport policy, including all major transport modes, i.e., aviation, automobility, train and bus systems, cycling and walking. It encourages theoretical and empirical contributions covering all policy dimensions, i.e. social, environmental and economic perspectives; market-based, soft policy, command-and-control approaches to change as implemented by policy leaders; decision-making processes; subsidies and incentives; lobbyism, as well as any other perspective that can provide an understanding of the political impasse in sustainable transport governance. Contributors are encouraged to discuss papers with the Guest Editor before submission.

Prof. Dr. Stefan Gössling
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Transport policy
  • Transport behavior
  • Urban transport
  • Institutions
  • Lobbyism

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle Changes, Problems, and Challenges in Swedish Spatial Planning—An Analysis of Power Dynamics
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1836; doi:10.3390/su9101836
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 11 October 2017 / Published: 12 October 2017
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Abstract
During the past few decades, the Swedish spatial planning system has experienced numerous problems and challenges. In particular, there have been changes in legislation and an increased neoliberalisation of planning that gives private actors a larger influence over the planning processes in Sweden.
[...] Read more.
During the past few decades, the Swedish spatial planning system has experienced numerous problems and challenges. In particular, there have been changes in legislation and an increased neoliberalisation of planning that gives private actors a larger influence over the planning processes in Sweden. In this article, we analyse these changes through the lenses of collaborative and neoliberal planning in order to illuminate the shifting power relations within spatial planning in Sweden. We analyse the changes of power relations from three dimensions of power based on interviews with different kinds of planners throughout Sweden. We show that power relations in the Swedish spatial planning system have shifted and that neoliberalisation and an increased focus on collaborative planning approaches have made spatial planning more complex in recent decades. This has led to a change of role for planners form actual planners to collaborators. We conclude that market-oriented planning (neoliberal planning) and collaborative planning have made it more difficult for spatial planners in Sweden to work towards sustainable urban futures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Policy)

Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessReview Police Perspectives on Road Safety and Transport Politics in Germany
Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1771; doi:10.3390/su9101771
Received: 13 September 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 30 September 2017
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Abstract
Road safety is a key concern of transport governance. In the European Union, a Road Safety Programme was adopted in 2011, with the objective to reduce road deaths in Europe by 50% in the period from 2011 to 2020. Evidence suggests, however, that
[...] Read more.
Road safety is a key concern of transport governance. In the European Union, a Road Safety Programme was adopted in 2011, with the objective to reduce road deaths in Europe by 50% in the period from 2011 to 2020. Evidence suggests, however, that this goal will not be met. Against this background, this paper investigates police perspectives on traffic laws, traffic behaviour, and transport policy. Police officers working with road safety are in a unique position to evaluate and judge the efficiency of road safety policies, as they record traffic offences, fine, investigate, and witness in court. Geographically, focus is on transport policy in Germany, a country with a dense road network, high levels of car ownership, and a large number of car manufacturers. A total of 14 semi-structured interviews were carried out with police officers in a wide variety of positions within the traffic police in Freiburg. Thematic analysis is used to analyse content and to identify aspects that represent major areas of concern. Officers affirm that traffic laws question traffic safety, for instance with regard to speed and speed limits, or elderly drivers. Specific recommendations for changes in transport policies are made, and results are discussed in the context of their implications for road safety and the European Union’s Road Safety Programme. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Policy)
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Open AccessReview Subsidies in Aviation
Sustainability 2017, 9(8), 1295; doi:10.3390/su9081295
Received: 4 July 2017 / Revised: 18 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (265 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Relatively little attention has been paid to the existence of subsidies in aviation. As the sector’s importance for economic development is often highlighted, this paper seeks to provide a conceptual overview of the various forms of subsidies in aviation, as a contribution to
[...] Read more.
Relatively little attention has been paid to the existence of subsidies in aviation. As the sector’s importance for economic development is often highlighted, this paper seeks to provide a conceptual overview of the various forms of subsidies in aviation, as a contribution to a more holistic understanding of economic interrelationships. Based on a purposive sampling strategy, existing forms of subsidies are identified and categorized along the value chain. Focus is on industrialized countries, for which more information is available. Results indicate that significant subsidies are extended to manufacturers, infrastructure providers and airlines. These contribute to global economic growth related to aviation, but they also influence capacity in global aviation markets, strengthen the market position of individual airlines, and create conflicts between airlines and the countries they are based in. While the actual scale of subsidies cannot be determined within the scope of this paper, it provides a discussion of options to empirically assess the effects of aviation subsidies on market outcomes. Finally, general conclusions regarding the impact of subsidies on the overall sustainability of the air transport sector are drawn: These include rapidly growing capacity in the aviation system, economic vulnerabilities, and negative climate change related impacts. Results call for a better understanding of the distribution, character and implications of subsidies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Policy)

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