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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 61; doi:10.3390/su10010061

Developing and Assessing Alternative Land-Use Scenarios from the MOLAND Model: A Scenario-Based Impact Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Rapid Rail Provisions and Urban Development in the Greater Dublin Region

1
School of Architecture, Planning and Environmental Policy, University College Dublin, Richview, Clonskeagh, D14 E099 Dublin, Ireland
2
European Commission DG Joint Research Centre, Strategy and Work Programme Coordination, Rue du Champ de Mars 21, CDMA 4 160, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
3
Research Institute for Knowledge Systems bv, Witmakersstraat 10, 6211 JB Maastricht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2017 / Revised: 8 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 December 2017 / Published: 28 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Policy)
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Abstract

In this study, environmental sustainability implications of planned rail infrastructure investments on the urban form and development in the Greater Dublin Region (GDR) have been analysed incorporating the scenario analysis approach. Various scenarios are developed using the MOLAND Model applications including: A baseline scenario incorporating a continuation of the present dispersed pattern of urban development and an alternative scenario with rail-oriented corridor development, under varying conditions of economic growth. An alternative scenario was also developed for the recessionary development case considering the prolonged recession in the GDR. Further explorations incorporating a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) approach are developed to evaluate the sustainability implications of different land development scenarios in the Dublin Region. This is assisted by focussing on the impacts of rail investments on urban form and development as raised in the international comparative literature. The findings from the CBA assessment positively indicate that containment policies-as represented by the public transport oriented development indicate benefits over the dispersed development case by reducing the negative consequences of sprawl type of developments. In contrast, dispersed development in the baseline scenario indicates costs of continuation of such development patterns exceed the benefits in the long term. This study will contribute to policy support evaluation measures relating to the integration of scenario analysis tool with the CBA approach in assisting the evaluation of new transport infrastructure proposals. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban development patterns; scenario analysis; MOLAND Model; rail infrastructure investment; Greater Dublin Region; cost-benefit analysis urban development patterns; scenario analysis; MOLAND Model; rail infrastructure investment; Greater Dublin Region; cost-benefit analysis
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Ustaoglu, E.; Williams, B.; Petrov, L.O.; Shahumyan, H.; van Delden, H. Developing and Assessing Alternative Land-Use Scenarios from the MOLAND Model: A Scenario-Based Impact Analysis Approach for the Evaluation of Rapid Rail Provisions and Urban Development in the Greater Dublin Region. Sustainability 2018, 10, 61.

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