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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 389; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020389

Road Safety Risk Assessment: An Analysis of Transport Policy and Management for Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Asian Countries

1
Taxila Institute of Transportation Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Taxila 47050, Pakistan
2
Transportation Research Institute (IMOB), Hasselt University, Agoralaan, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
3
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Sipailou 2, Nanjing 210096, China
4
Faculty of Engineering Technology, Hasselt University, Agoralaan, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Policy)
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Abstract

Road safety assessment has played a crucial role in the theory and practice of transport management systems. This paper focuses on risk evaluation in the Asian region by exploring the interaction between road safety risk and influencing factors. In the first stage, a data envelopment analysis (DEA) method is applied to calculate and rank the road safety risk levels of Asian countries. In the second stage, a structural equation model (SEM) with latent variables is applied to analyze the interaction between the road safety risk level and the latent variables, measured by six observed performance indicators, i.e., financial impact, institutional framework, infrastructure and mobility, legislation and policy, vehicular road users, and trauma management. Finally, this paper illustrates the applicability of this DEA-SEM approach for road safety performance analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk analysis; safety; accidents; GIS; data envelopment analysis; structural equation model risk analysis; safety; accidents; GIS; data envelopment analysis; structural equation model
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Shah, S.A.R.; Ahmad, N.; Shen, Y.; Pirdavani, A.; Basheer, M.A.; Brijs, T. Road Safety Risk Assessment: An Analysis of Transport Policy and Management for Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Asian Countries. Sustainability 2018, 10, 389.

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