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Special Issue "Advances in Organic Electrosynthesis"

A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049). This special issue belongs to the section "Organic Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 March 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Alan M Jones

School of Pharmacy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
Website 1 | Website 2 | E-Mail
Interests: electrosynthesis; synthetic methodology; medicinal chemistry

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Organic electrosynthesis has existed for nearly 200 years, since Faraday’s pioneering decarboxylative conversion of acetic acid to ethane in the 19th century; however, electrosynthesis has not had a sustained impact on the field of organic synthesis until now. In the past few years, the field of electrosynthesis has undergone a renaissance in popularity with examples such as the elegant electrosynthesis of Dixiamycin B, a natural product that was intractable by conventional synthesis, to standardised electrosynthesis reactor development for reproducible and scalable synthesis. We are now in the midst of a more widespread adoption of electrosynthesis techniques in organic synthesis.

In this Special Issue, we invite short communications from colleagues in organic electrosynthesis who have used electrosynthesis in their synthetic campaigns. In particular, we invite papers on the use of electrosynthesis in the spectrum of organic transformations such as natural product, medicinal chemistry and functional group manipulation. The scope of this special edition will also allow for mechanistic studies and advances in reaction design including electrocatalysis to be summarised in one edition.

This forthcoming Special Issue of Molecules entitled “Advances in Organic Electrosynthesis” will be devoted to this synthesis where the electron is the reagent, covering recent key findings in the above fields of research. We look forward to reading your contributions.

Dr. Alan M Jones
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • electrosynthesis
  • electrocatalysis
  • synthetic methods
  • green chemistry

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Author: Dr. Ulf-Peter Apfel
Affiliation: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Inorganic Chemistry I, Universitätßtraße 150, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
Tentative title: Electrochemical CO2 Reduction at Ambient and High-Pressure Conditions on Copper Based Alloys
Tentative abstract: The urgent need for an efficient CO2 recycling into valuable chemicals and fuels utilizing renewable energy makes it necessary to develop novel catalytic approaches beyond classical thermal catalysis. Along this line, the industrially relevant Cu/Zn, Cu/Zn/Al and Cu/Zn/Ga oxide alloys were shown to allow for efficient methanol production via thermal hydrogenation of CO2. The potential of those materials, however, to act as electrode materials in the CO2 reduction (CO2RR) and the influence of doping Cu with other metals was not reported before. We herein report on the electrochemical CO2 reduction in a high-pressure reactor at 150 bar/70 °C. We show that under supercritical conditions, a suppressed H2 evolution and elevated CO2 to formic acid and methanol is achieved while under ambient conditions H2 and CO are the main products.

Author: Abdulhadi A. H. Al-Zahrani 1,2 and Ha L. Nguyen 2*
Affiliation: 1. Department of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
2. Center for Research Excellence in Nanotechnology (CENT), King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
The tentative title: Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction: From Homogeneous Catalysts to Heterogeneous-based Reticular Chemistry
Tentative abstract: CO2 mainly emitted from fossil energy combustion is one of the major gases for greenhouse effect which need to be reduced to the valuable chemical feedstocks including CO, CH3OH, HCHO, HCOO–, and CH4. In order to reduce CO2, the catalysts were designed and utilized their unique characteristics based on the kinds of reaction processes which are catalytic hydrogenation, complex metal hydrides, photocatalysis, biological reduction, and electrochemical reduction recently received much consideration due to the simple operation as well as environmental friendly procedure that can be certainly optimized by both of catalyst and electrochemical progress. In the past few decades, we have witnessed an explosion development in materials science – especially the porous crystalline materials based on the strong covalent bond of the organic links containing the light elements (COFs), the hybrid materials that possess organic backbones and inorganic metal-oxo clusters (MOFs), or a sub-class of MOFs providing not only the topological features of zeolites, but the highly porous and well-defined structures (ZIFs). Owing to the large surface area and high active site that belong to the tailorably feasible structure, MOFs, ZIFs, and COFs can be applied to many of practical applications such as gas storage and separation, drug release, sensing, and catalysis. Beyond those applications, which had been abundantly studied since 1990s, CO2 reduction catalyzed by reticular and extended structures of MOFs, ZIFs, or COFs has been more recently turned to the next step of state of the art application that is believed to become the most promising process in renewable energy research. In this perspective, we highlight the achievement of homogeneous catalysts used for CO2 electrochemical conversion and discuss the advances of new porous catalysts-based reticular chemistry and their role in heterogeneous-catalyzed reduction of CO2.

Authors: Rik H. Verschueren and Wim M. De Borggraeve
Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Leuven Chem&Tech, Celestijnenlaan 200F bus 2404, 3001 LEUVEN
The tentative title: Electrochemistry and Photoredox Catalysis: A Comparative Evaluation in Organic Synthesis
Tentative abstract: In the last two decades, both electrochemistry as well as photoredox catalysis have shown to be powerful tools towards the activation of organic molecules for a wide range of synthetic transformations. Intriguingly, many transformations have been translated from electrochemical to photoredox methodology and vice versa since both research areas employ electrons as reagents to generate open-shell radical intermediates. This review summarises synthetic transformations that can be performed by electrochemistry as well as photoredox catalysis. Analogies will be drawn to obtain a better understanding in both research areas. This knowledge can be used to extract key features and serve as a guideline to formulate new ideas and ultimately conceptualise new methodological strategies.

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