Special Issue "CO2 Sequestration by Mineral Carbonation: Challenges and Advances"


A special issue of Minerals (ISSN 2075-163X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 January 2014)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Tuncel M. Yegulalp
Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Henry Krumb School of Mines, Columbia University, 500 West 120th St., New York, NY 10027, USA
Website: http://www.columbia.edu/~yegulalp/
E-Mail: yegulalp@columbia.edu
Phone: +1 212 854 2984
Fax: +1 212 854 7081
Interests: mining engineering/operations research; statistics; carbon capture; zero emission power plants; methane hydrates

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

One of the most important challenges of the 21st century is the limiting or reducing the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. While one of the challenges is the capture of greenhouse gases (primarily CO2) from point and distributed sources, the other is the development of method and techniques to sequester CO2. Each alternative proposed in literature and practiced in a very limited scale has its own shortcomings for the long-term or permanent storage. The idea of mineral carbonation emerges to be the only alternative for permanent solution. This special issue will focus on the recent scientific and technical advances towards development of technically and economically feasible methods, related issues and problems.

Prof. Dr. Tuncel M. Yegulalp
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 300 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • CO2 sequestration
  • ultramafic rocks
  • serpentinite carbonation
  • aqueous mineral carbonation
  • chelating agents
  • natural carbonation processes

Published Papers (4 papers)

by , , , , , ,  and
Minerals 2014, 4(2), 399-436; doi:10.3390/min4020399
Received: 4 March 2014; in revised form: 22 April 2014 / Accepted: 24 April 2014 / Published: 2 May 2014
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by ,  and
Minerals 2014, 4(2), 191-207; doi:10.3390/min4020191
Received: 11 January 2014; in revised form: 15 March 2014 / Accepted: 18 March 2014 / Published: 26 March 2014
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abstract graphic

by , , ,  and
Minerals 2014, 4(1), 145-169; doi:10.3390/min4010145
Received: 9 January 2014; in revised form: 7 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 14 March 2014
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by , ,  and
Minerals 2013, 3(4), 352-366; doi:10.3390/min3040352
Received: 3 September 2013; in revised form: 11 October 2013 / Accepted: 14 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Isotopic Monitoring of Carbon Mineralization in Industrial and Natural Landscapes
Author: Sasha Wilson
School of Geosciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; E-Mail: sasha.wilson@monash.edu
Most carbon mineralization strategies rely upon reaction of Mg- or Ca-silicate and hydroxide minerals with CO2 to form carbonate minerals. Stable carbon and oxygen isotopes are increasingly being used as tracers for monitoring carbon mineralization in natural and industrial settings, such as mineral waste stockpiles and soils. Several challenges exist for applying isotopic measurements to monitor CO2 storage in minerals, including overcoming uncertainty in equilibrium isotopic fractionation factors for Mg-carbonate minerals, recognizing and predicting the influence of kinetic isotope fractionation during CO2 sequestration in minerals, and developing systematic approaches for reliable isotopic monitoring on the scale of hectares. Here we review and make recommendations for the use of available experimentally and theoretically determined equilibrium fractionation factors for stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in carbonate minerals of interest to CO2 sequestration. These are used to provide isotopic maps of equilibrium and kinetic isotopic signatures of CO2 sequestration in carbonate minerals. We end with a discussion of how these tools can be applied for robust validation and monitoring of carbon mineralization on scale of industrial sites and natural landscapes.

Type of Paper: Article
Microbially Mediated Carbon Mineralization: Geoengineering a Carbon-Neutral Mine
Author: Gregory M. Dipple
Department of Earth, Ocean & Atmospheric Sciences, University of British Columbia, 2021-2270 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; E-Mail: gdipple@eos.ubc.ca
Ultramafic and mafic mine tailings are a potentially valuable feedstock for carbon mineralization, which may be used to offset carbon emissions generated by mining. Passive carbon mineralization is occurring at the abandoned Clinton Creek asbestos mine, and the active Diavik diamond and Mount Keith nickel mines. This passive carbonation could be enhanced through abiological modification of tailings management practices. Naturally occurring microbes in mine waste have the potential to accelerate carbon mineralization to create an economically viable, large-scale CO2 fixation technology that can operate at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure. We assess the efficacy of biologically mediated acceleration strategies including: bioleaching of magnesium silicates (serpentine, olivine); increasing the supply of CO2 via heterotrophic oxidation of waste organics; and biologically induced carbonate precipitation. With the aim of developing carbon-neutral mines, tailings storage facilities must be geoengineered as habitats for microbial communities that accelerate carbon mineralization. The proposed tailings management and microbially mediated carbon mineralization strategies can reduce the cost of CO2 sequestration. Using a dynamic real options pricing approach, instead of traditional discounted cash-flow approaches, would reflect the value inherent in the managerial flexibility to adapt and capitalize on favourable future opportunities in the highly volatile carbon market.

Last update: 14 January 2014

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