Special Issue "Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications"

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A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2012)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Bruno Scrosati
Department of Chemistry, University Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
E-Mail: bruno.scrosati@uniroma1.it
Phone: +39 06 4991 3530
Interests: polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells; lithium polymer batteries

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Membranes play a key role in energy-related fields since they are the main components of devices which could help address one of the most serious threats to our society, namely global warming. Serious concern is associated with the continuous CO2 emission resulting from our energy policy, which is still mainly based on burning of fossil fuels. Accordingly, an efficient use of renewable energy sources and the replacement of internal combustion engines with electric motors for the development of sustainable vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) and ultimately, full electric vehicles (EVs), are major goals in the present energy scenario. On the other hand, an efficient use of alternative, green, energy sources, such as solar and wind, requires the side support of energy storage systems that can compensate for their intermittent characteristics. Analogously, HEVs, PHEVs and EVs require an on-board energy source for powering the electric engine. Among the various choices, electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells and batteries, capable of delivering stored chemical energy as electrical energy with high conversion efficiency and without any gaseous emission, are the most suitable. Moreover, fuel cells and batteries offer a promising option to efficiently power the electric engine in HEVs or EVs.

The most common and most studied fuel cells utilize a perfluorosulfonic membrane electrolyte, mainly of the NAFION® type. Although becoming increasingly well-known over time, these membranes still require attention to further improve performance. Much research is presently being carried out in this area, and this Special Issue will be a perfect forum to bring together the latest results obtained by key laboratories presently engaged in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell R&D.

In terms of battery research, particular interest is focused on lithium batteries due to their intrinsic, high energy density value. However, in their present configuration, lithium batteries are affected by a series of issues that still prevent their wide use for electric vehicle application. One of the most serious is the safety concern associated with the unstable and flammable nature of the common liquid electrolytes. Improving safety is thus a present challenge in the field. One approach to reach this goal is to move away from the unreliable liquid, organic electrolytes, to stable and safe polymer electrolyte membranes. There are two classes of these membranes: a polymer-liquid hybrid type, generally named gel-type membranes, and membranes formed by liquid-free combinations of polymer with lithium salts, generally named solid polymer electrolytes. Today there is tremendous research ongoing worldwide is involved into lithium batteries, motivated by a large amount of funding granted in many countries. Therefore, breakthroughs in the area―especially in membrane electrolyte and related polymer batteries―are expected to soon concretize. Again, this Special Issue offers a perfect site for welcoming the latest innovations, and accordingly authors from top laboratories are invited to submit their latest results.

Prof. Dr. Bruno Scrosati
Guest Editor

Keywords

  • hydrogen conducting membranes
  • perfluorosulfonic membranes
  • fuel cells
  • lithium conducting membranes
  • gel-type membranes
  • solvent-free, solid-state membranes
  • lithium batteries

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Published Papers (17 papers)

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Displaying article 1-17
p. 855-878
by , , , , , , , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(4), 855-878; doi:10.3390/membranes2040855
Received: 26 October 2012; in revised form: 6 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 December 2012 / Published: 18 December 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 783-803
by , , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(4), 783-803; doi:10.3390/membranes2040783
Received: 9 July 2012; in revised form: 3 October 2012 / Accepted: 31 October 2012 / Published: 16 November 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
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p. 585-664
by , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 585-664; doi:10.3390/membranes2030585
Received: 14 June 2012; in revised form: 16 July 2012 / Accepted: 17 July 2012 / Published: 31 August 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 510-528
by , , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 510-528; doi:10.3390/membranes2030510
Received: 23 May 2012; in revised form: 29 June 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 30 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 529-552
by , , , , , , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 529-552; doi:10.3390/membranes2030529
Received: 25 May 2012; in revised form: 29 June 2012 / Accepted: 11 July 2012 / Published: 30 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 493-509
by ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 493-509; doi:10.3390/membranes2030493
Received: 28 April 2012; in revised form: 8 June 2012 / Accepted: 28 June 2012 / Published: 25 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 478-492
by , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 478-492; doi:10.3390/membranes2030478
Received: 7 May 2012; in revised form: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 9 July 2012 / Published: 19 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
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p. 430-439
by , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 430-439; doi:10.3390/membranes2030430
Received: 7 May 2012; in revised form: 19 June 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 18 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 384-394
by , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 384-394; doi:10.3390/membranes2030384
Received: 8 May 2012; in revised form: 7 June 2012 / Accepted: 28 June 2012 / Published: 10 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 395-414
by  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 395-414; doi:10.3390/membranes2030395
Received: 30 April 2012; in revised form: 18 June 2012 / Accepted: 27 June 2012 / Published: 10 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 367-383
by  and
Membranes 2012, 2(3), 367-383; doi:10.3390/membranes2030367
Received: 30 April 2012; in revised form: 25 June 2012 / Accepted: 27 June 2012 / Published: 4 July 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 325-345
by , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 325-345; doi:10.3390/membranes2020325
Received: 18 May 2012; in revised form: 8 June 2012 / Accepted: 12 June 2012 / Published: 20 June 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
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p. 275-306
by , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 275-306; doi:10.3390/membranes2020275
Received: 8 May 2012; in revised form: 1 June 2012 / Accepted: 7 June 2012 / Published: 19 June 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 307-324
by , , , , , , , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 307-324; doi:10.3390/membranes2020307
Received: 28 April 2012; in revised form: 29 May 2012 / Accepted: 7 June 2012 / Published: 19 June 2012
Show/Hide Abstract | Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (502 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-textRetraction
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 253-274
by ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 253-274; doi:10.3390/membranes2020253
Received: 27 April 2012; in revised form: 1 June 2012 / Accepted: 4 June 2012 / Published: 13 June 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 237-252
by , ,  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 237-252; doi:10.3390/membranes2020237
Received: 25 April 2012; in revised form: 25 May 2012 / Accepted: 29 May 2012 / Published: 6 June 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
p. 216-227
by  and
Membranes 2012, 2(2), 216-227; doi:10.3390/membranes2020216
Received: 17 April 2012; Accepted: 7 May 2012 / Published: 11 May 2012
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(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications)
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Last update: 27 February 2014

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