Special Issue "Advancements in Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications"
A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2013)
Prof. Dr. Bruno Scrosati
Department of Chemistry, University Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Phone: +39 06 4991 3530
Interests: polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells; lithium polymer batteries
This Special Issue came as the natural consequence of the great success of the previous one “Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Applications”.
Membranes play a key role in energy-related fields since they are the main components of devices which could help address one of the most serious threats to our society, namely global warming. Serious concern is associated with the continuous CO2 emission resulting from our energy policy, which is still mainly based on burning of fossil fuels. Accordingly, an efficient use of renewable energy sources and the replacement of internal combustion engines with electric motors for the development of sustainable vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) and ultimately, full electric vehicles (EVs), are major goals in the present energy scenario. On the other hand, an efficient use of alternative, green, energy sources, such as solar and wind, requires the side support of energy storage systems that can compensate for their intermittent characteristics. Analogously, HEVs, PHEVs and EVs require an on-board energy source for powering the electric engine. Among the various choices, electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells and batteries, capable of delivering stored chemical energy as electrical energy with high conversion efficiency and without any gaseous emission, are the most suitable. Moreover, fuel cells and batteries offer a promising option to efficiently power the electric engine in HEVs or EVs.
The most common and most studied fuel cells utilize a perfluorosulfonic membrane electrolyte, mainly of the NAFION® type. Although becoming increasingly well-known over time, these membranes still require attention to further improve performance. Much research is presently being carried out in this area, and this second Special Issue will be a perfect forum to bring together the latest results obtained by key laboratories presently engaged in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell R&D.
In terms of battery research, particular interest is focused on lithium batteries due to their intrinsic, high energy density value. However, in their present configuration, lithium batteries are affected by a series of issues that still prevent their wide use for electric vehicle application. One of the most serious is the safety concern associated with the unstable and flammable nature of the common liquid electrolytes. Improving safety is thus a present challenge in the field. One approach to reach this goal is to move away from the unreliable liquid, organic electrolytes, to stable and safe polymer electrolyte membranes. There are two classes of these membranes: a polymer-liquid hybrid type, generally named gel-type membranes, and membranes formed by liquid-free combinations of polymer with lithium salts, generally named solid polymer electrolytes. Today there is tremendous research ongoing worldwide is involved into lithium batteries, motivated by a large amount of funding granted in many countries. Therefore, breakthroughs in the area―especially in membrane electrolyte and related polymer batteries―are expected to soon concretize. Again, this second Special Issue offers a perfect site for welcoming the latest innovations, and accordingly authors from top laboratories are invited to submit their latest results.
Prof. Dr. Bruno Scrosati
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 300 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.
- hydrogen conducting membranes
- perfluorosulfonic membranes
- fuel cells
- lithium conducting membranes
- gel-type membranes
- solvent-free, solid-state membranes
- lithium batteries
Article: Preparation and Characterization of Nanocomposite Polymer Membranes Containing Functionalized SnO2 Additives
Membranes 2014, 4(1), 123-142; doi:10.3390/membranes4010123
Received: 1 August 2013; in revised form: 15 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 February 2014 / Published: 5 March 2014| PDF Full-text (1726 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Friedel–Crafts Crosslinked Highly Sulfonated Polyether Ether Ketone (SPEEK) Membranes for a Vanadium/Air Redox Flow Battery
Membranes 2014, 4(1), 1-19; doi:10.3390/membranes4010001
Received: 25 September 2013; in revised form: 4 November 2013 / Accepted: 9 December 2013 / Published: 30 December 2013| PDF Full-text (1192 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Membranes 2013, 3(4), 424-439; doi:10.3390/membranes3040424
Received: 9 November 2013; in revised form: 4 December 2013 / Accepted: 9 December 2013 / Published: 16 December 2013| PDF Full-text (2033 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Article: Al2O3 Disk Supported Si3N4 Hydrogen Purification Membrane for Low Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Membranes 2013, 3(4), 406-414; doi:10.3390/membranes3040406
Received: 26 November 2013; Accepted: 2 December 2013 / Published: 5 December 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (775 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Interface Properties between Lithium Metal and a Composite Polymer Electrolyte of PEO18Li(CF3SO2)2N-Tetraethylene Glycol Dimethyl Ether
Membranes 2013, 3(4), 298-310; doi:10.3390/membranes3040298
Received: 22 July 2013; in revised form: 18 October 2013 / Accepted: 21 October 2013 / Published: 25 October 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (889 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: Testing the Chemical/Structural Stability of Proton Conducting Perovskite Ceramic Membranes by in Situ/ex Situ Autoclave Raman Microscopy
Membranes 2013, 3(4), 311-330; doi:10.3390/membranes3040311
Received: 1 August 2013; in revised form: 7 October 2013 / Accepted: 17 October 2013 / Published: 25 October 2013| Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1087 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Membranes 2013, 3(3), 242-248; doi:10.3390/membranes3030242
Received: 2 August 2013; Accepted: 6 September 2013 / Published: 17 September 2013| PDF Full-text (126 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Article: The Effects of Sulfonated Poly(ether ether ketone) Ion Exchange Preparation Conditions on Membrane Properties
Membranes 2013, 3(3), 182-195; doi:10.3390/membranes3030182
Received: 23 May 2013; in revised form: 23 July 2013 / Accepted: 26 July 2013 / Published: 13 August 2013| PDF Full-text (323 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Last update: 7 August 2014