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Special Issue "Plant Cell Wall Proteins and Development"

A special issue of International Journal of Molecular Sciences (ISSN 1422-0067). This special issue belongs to the section "Molecular Plant Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Elisabeth Jamet

Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences Végétales, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, 24 Chemin de Borderouge-Auzeville, BP42617, Castanet-Tolosan 31326, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: plant; cell wall biology; development; evolution; proteomics; post-translational modification; cell wall architecture; protein/protein; protein/polysaccharide interaction
Guest Editor
Prof. Christophe Dunand

Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences Végétales, UPS, UMR 5546, Université de Toulouse, Castanet-Tolosan, France
Website | E-Mail
Interests: plant; developement; evolution; terestrialisation; cell wall; peroxidase; reactive oxygen species

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue, “Plant Cell Wall Proteins and Development”, will cover a selection of recent research topics in the field of cell wall biology focused on cell wall proteins and their roles during development. Experimental papers, up-to-date review articles, and commentaries will be welcome.

Plant cell walls surround cells and provide both an external protection and a mean for cell-to-cell communication. They mainly comprise polymers like polysaccharides and lignin in lignified secondary walls and a minute amount of cell wall proteins (CWPs). CWPs are major players of cell wall remodeling and signaling. Cell wall proteomics, as well as numerous genetic or biochemical studies, have revealed the high diversity of CWPs, among which proteins acting on polysaccharides, proteases, oxido-reductases, lipid-related proteins and structural proteins. CWPs may have enzymatic activities such as cutting/ligating polymers or processing/degrading proteins. They may also contribute to the supra-molecular assembly of cell walls via protein/protein or protein/polysaccharide interactions. Thanks to these biochemical activities, they contribute to the dynamincs and the functionality of cell walls. Even though many researches have already been pursued to shed light on the many roles of CWPs, many functions still remain to be discovered especially for proteins identified in cell wall proteomes with yet unknown function.

Dr. Elisabeth Jamet
Prof. Christophe Dunand
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Molecular Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cell wall
  • development
  • peptide
  • plant
  • polysaccharide remodeling
  • protein
  • signaling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Organ and Tissue-Specific Localisation of Selected Cell Wall Epitopes in the Zygotic Embryo of Brachypodium distachyon
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(3), 725; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030725
Received: 26 January 2018 / Revised: 27 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (6454 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
The plant cell wall shows a great diversity regarding its chemical composition, which may vary significantly even during different developmental stages. In this study, we analysed the distribution of several cell wall epitopes in embryos of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium). We also described the
[...] Read more.
The plant cell wall shows a great diversity regarding its chemical composition, which may vary significantly even during different developmental stages. In this study, we analysed the distribution of several cell wall epitopes in embryos of Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium). We also described the variations in the nucleus shape and the number of nucleoli that occurred in some embryo cells. The use of transmission electron microscopy, and histological and immunolocalisation techniques permitted the distribution of selected arabinogalactan proteins, extensins, pectins, and hemicelluloses on the embryo surface, internal cell compartments, and in the context of the cell wall ultrastructure to be demonstrated. We revealed that the majority of arabinogalactan proteins and extensins were distributed on the cell surface and that pectins were the main component of the seed coat and other parts, such as the mesocotyl cell walls and the radicula. Hemicelluloses were localised in the cell wall and outside of the radicula protodermis, respectively. The specific arrangement of those components may indicate their significance during embryo development and seed germination, thus suggesting the importance of their protective functions. Despite the differences in the cell wall composition, we found that some of the antibodies can be used as markers to identify specific cells and the parts of the developing Brachypodium embryo. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Cell Wall Proteins and Development)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Fascinating fasciclins: a surprisingly wide-spread protein family that mediates between the cell exterior and the cell surface
Author: Georg J. Seifert
Address: University of Natural Resources and Life Science, Vienna. Department of Applied Genetics and Cell Biology; Muthgasse 18, 1190-Vienna, Austria
Email: georg.seifert@boku.ac.at
Abstract: The fasciclin 1 (Fas1) domain is an ancient structural motif found in extracellular proteins in all kingdoms of life and particularly abundant in plant genomes. Human Fas1 family members are associated with multiple aspects of health and disease. At the cellular level mammalian Fas1 proteins are associated with extracellular matrix structure, cell to extracellular matrix adhesion, paracrine signalling and endocytosis of proteoglycans. Mechanistically, mammalian Fas1 proteins interact with the integrin family of receptors and with both protein and carbohydrate components of the extracellular matrix. Fas1 proteins in plants have been implicated with a variety of biological functions including cellulosic and non-cellulosic cell wall structure and signalling with mechanisms of action gradually emerging. Less is known about the function of Fas1 proteins in fungi, eubacteria and archaea, however their differential presence in closely related organisms suggests their relevance for microbial life style including pathogenicity and symbiosis. The Fas1 domain accommodates multiple potential interaction surfaces enabling it to interact with both protein and carbohydrate interaction partners. The frequently observed tandem Fas1 arrangement might enable both co-operative and auto-inhibitory regulation of ligand binding. Additional protein domains and post-translational modifications are partially conserved between different evolutionary clades suggesting an ancient function of Fas1 cell surface proteins in cell to matrix adhesion. Collectively the comparison of different Fas1 proteins suggests a recurring role in the interaction between cells and their environment.

Title: Membrane-bound class III peroxidases: Overlooked enzymes with exciting functions
Authors: Sabine Lüthje and Teresa Martinez-Cortes
Abstract: Class III peroxidases are heme-containing peroxidases of the secretory pathway with a high redundance and versatile functions. In the past this peroxidase super family was belived as soluble proteins. Meanwhile class III peroxidases have been identified in tonoplast and plasma membranes of different plant tissues and species. In silico analysis revealed a membrane localization for about half of the class III peroxidases that are encoded by the maize (Zea mays) genome. Similar results has been found for other species like thale-cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) and rice (Oryza sativa). Although a function in membrane protection and/or membrane repair appear obvious, other functions have been suggested by in silico analysis and experimental data for some of these proteins. 

Title: Feeding the walls: how does nutrient availability regulate cell wall architecture?
Authors: Michael Ogden1, Rainer Hoefgen2, Ute Roessner1, Staffan Persson1, Ghazanfar Abbas Khan1*
1. School of Biosciences, University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia. 2. Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam-Golm, Germany. * Correspondence: ghazanfar.khan@unimelb.edu.au
Summary: The plant cell wall is largely composed of a complex array of polysaccharides and is essential for directed plant growth and for protection against biotic and abiotic stresses. Within the cell wall, cellulose strands form microfibrils, which act as a framework for deposition of other wall components, including hemicelluloses, pectins, proteins, and in some cases callose, lignin, and suberin. Cell wall architecture varies depending on cell and tissue type, and is governed by the targeted deposition, arrangement, and composition of cell wall components. Together, these different components largely determine the physical and structural properties of the cell wall, which in turn determines cell morphology and ultimately the shape of the whole plant. Nutrients are critical for proper plant development, and nutrient starvation severely affects plant growth and crop yield on a global scale. In response to nutrient starvation, plant growth is adapted through several different pathways, including changes in cell wall structure and composition. However, the underlying mechanisms that link nutrient availability to cell wall synthesis and thus plant architecture remain poorly understood. In this review, we aim to summarize current research on the adaptation of root cell walls in response to nutrient availability and the potential role of cell walls in nutrient sensing.

Title: Plant cell wall proteomics: a focus on monocot species, Brachypodium distachyon, sugarcane and rice
Authors: Maria J. Calderan-Rodrigues1*, Juliana G. Fonseca1, Fabricio E. de Moraes1, Lais V. Setem1, Amanda C. Begossi1, Carlos A. Labate1, Elisabeth Jamet2.
*Address all correspondence to: phdjuliana@gmail.com
1Department of Genetics, Max Feffer Laboratory of Plant Genetics, Luiz de Queiroz, College of Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Padua Dias 11, CP 83, 13400-970, Piracicaba, Brazil.
2 Laboratoire de Recherche en Sciences Vegetales, Universite de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, 24 chemin de Borde Rouge, Auzeville, BP42617, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
E-mail addresses: phdjuliana@gmail.com, j.g.fonseca@usp.br; fabricioedgar.m@gmail.com; lala_arnz@hotmail.com; amanda.lpp@hotmail.com; calabate@usp.br; jamet@lrsv.ups乚tlse.fr.
Abstract: Plant cell walls mostly comprise polysaccharides and proteins. The composition of monocots primary cell walls differ from that of dicots walls with respect to the type of hemicelluloses, the reduction of pectin abundance and the presence of aromatic molecules. Besides, cell wall proteins (CWPs) are also different among plant species. In addition, their distribution in functional classes varies according to cell types, organs developmental stages and/or environmental conditions. In this review, we go deeper into the findings of cell wall proteomics in monocot species and make a comparative analysis of the CWPs identified considering their predicted functions, the organs analyzed, the plant developmental stage and their possible use as targets for biofuel production. Arabidopsis thaliana CWPs were settled as a reference to allow comparisons among different monocots, i.e. Brachypodium distachyon, sugarcane and rice. Altogether, 1169 CWPs have been acknowledged, and specificities and similarities are discussed. In particular, a search for A. thaliana homologs of CWPs identified so far in monocots allows defining monocot specificities. Finally, the analysis of monocot CWPs appears as a powerful tool to identify candidate proteins of interest for tailoring cell walls to increase biomass yield of transformation for second generation fuels production.
Keywords: Brachypodium distachyon, plant cell wall, proteome, monocot, Oryza sativa, Saccharum spp.

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