Special Issue "Occupational Health"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2013)
Prof. Dr. Marc B. Schenker (Website)
Department of Public Health Sciences, UC Davis School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Interests: occupational and environmental health; occupational reproductive hazards; migration and health
Health hazards in the workplace are as old as work itself, but at the same time they continue to change and evolve with the changing nature of work and the changing composition of the workforce. Many hazardous industries and jobs have been "exported" from developed to developing countries. This journal issue will explore new work environments and new hazards in the workplace. Workplace hazards caused by behavioral changes both in and outside the workplace will also be considered. Another major focus is the changing composition of the workforce. As the workforce ages in developed countries, consideration must be given to increased risks for the older worker. Many hazardous jobs are done by immigrant workers, who suffer increased risks of injury and illness from their precarious work status. Finally, reduction of occupational injuries and illnesses requires not only etiologic studies but effective interventions. Research on effective interventions to decrease workplace hazards is an area receiving increased attention.
Prof. Dr. Marc B. Schenker
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.
- precarious behavioral
- worker environmental
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Type of Paper: Research Article
Title: What’s Perceived, What’s Experienced, What’s Reported: A description of injuries on thoroughbred breeding farms among a Latino & non-Latino Workforce
Authors: Jennifer E. Swanberg 1, Jessica Miller Clouser 2, Mary K. Webster 2 and Susan Westneat 3
Affiliation: 1. School of Social Work, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA; E-Mail: email@example.com
2.Institute for Workplace Innovation, University of Kentucky College Public Health, Lexington, KY 40536, USA; 3. University of Kentucky College of Public Health, Lexington, KY 40536, USA
Abstract: Animal production is a dangerous industry and increasingly reliant on a Latino workforce. Within animal production, little is known about the risks or the occupational hazards of Thoroughbred breeding. Extant research suggests that horse workers are at risk of musculoskeletal and respiratory symptoms, kicks, and other injuries. However, no known research has examined the experiences of the industry’s immigrant workers, despite their prominence and increased vulnerability. Using data collected from 30 Thoroughbred farms, this paper identifies and describes employer hazard perception as well as types of injuries experienced by workers, and their surrounding circumstances.
Mixed-methods data were collected from Thoroughbred farm representatives via a phone-administered survey; a 2-hour face-to-face semi-structured interview; and injury logs. Quantitative data and data collected from injury logs were entered into SAS and univariate/bivariate analyses were conducted to report nature and frequency of injuries, including farm and worker demographics. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed, entered into ATLAS.ti, and analyzed by three coders to determine themes in injury and hazard perception. Preliminary results indicate that the horse itself is a major perceived hazard and cause of injuries, as are maintenance tasks such as machinery operation. Although Latino workers are more heavily represented on these farms, non-Latinos were more likely to report injuries. Implications for future research are discussed.
Type of Paper: Review
Title: Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health
Authors: Ming Ye 1, Jeremy Beach 1,2 and Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan 1
Affiliation: 1 Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Abstract: Exposure to pesticides occurs in workplaces, neighborhoods in close proximity to farms, and through residential use. Exposure to pesticides has been associated with asthma, chronic bronchitis and COPD as well as impaired lung function. The etiology of respiratory diseases related to exposure to pesticides is not fully understood. Pesticide-induced changes in the immune system, such as Th-1 and Th-2 balance and autoimmunity, may be important in asthma, COPD or the exacerbation of these diseases. Other mechanisms, such as the neurotoxicity of pesticides may also contribute to the etiology of pesticide-associated respiratory diseases, and there is genetic variability in susceptibility to some of these effects.