Next Article in Journal
Crossing the Telemedicine Chasm: Have the U.S. Barriers to Widespread Adoption of Telemedicine Been Significantly Reduced?
Next Article in Special Issue
Occupational Injuries on Thoroughbred Horse Farms: A Description of Latino and Non-Latino Workers’ Experiences
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Traumatic Dental Injury on the Quality of Life of Brazilian Preschool Children
Previous Article in Special Issue
Toxicology Testing in Fatally Injured Workers: A Review of Five Years of Iowa FACE Cases
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6442-6471; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126442
Review

Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health

1
, 1,2
, 3
 and 1,*
Received: 26 August 2013; in revised form: 13 November 2013 / Accepted: 14 November 2013 / Published: 28 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [269 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Pesticides have been widely used to control pest and pest-related diseases in agriculture, fishery, forestry and the food industry. In this review, we identify a number of respiratory symptoms and diseases that have been associated with occupational pesticide exposures. Impaired lung function has also been observed among people occupationally exposed to pesticides. There was strong evidence for an association between occupational pesticide exposure and asthma, especially in agricultural occupations. In addition, we found suggestive evidence for a link between occupational pesticide exposure and chronic bronchitis or COPD. There was inconclusive evidence for the association between occupational pesticide exposure and lung cancer. Better control of pesticide uses and enforcement of safety behaviors, such as using personal protection equipment (PPE) in the workplace, are critical for reducing the risk of developing pesticide-related symptoms and diseases. Educational training programs focusing on basic safety precautions and proper uses of personal protection equipment (PPE) are possible interventions that could be used to control the respiratory diseases associated with pesticide exposure in occupational setting.
Keywords: asthma; COPD; lung function; occupational; pesticide exposures; respiratory health asthma; COPD; lung function; occupational; pesticide exposures; respiratory health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Ye, M.; Beach, J.; Martin, J.W.; Senthilselvan, A. Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6442-6471.

AMA Style

Ye M, Beach J, Martin JW, Senthilselvan A. Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6442-6471.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ye, Ming; Beach, Jeremy; Martin, Jonathan W.; Senthilselvan, Ambikaipakan. 2013. "Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Respiratory Health." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6442-6471.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert