Special Issue "Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET"

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A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Felipe Jimenez

University Institute for Automobile Research (INSIA), Technical University of Madrid, INSIA, Campus Sur UPM, Carretera de Valencia km 7 28031, Madrid, Spain
E-Mail
Phone: +34 913365317
Fax: +34 913365302
Interests: intelligent transport systems, advanced driver assistance systems, vehicle positioning, GNSS, inertial sensors, digital maps, vehicle dynamics, driver monitoring, vehicle automation, V2X communications

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Communications between vehicles are seen as a solution for road transport problems, such as accidents, inefficiencies, traffic congestions, fuel consumption, and exhaust emissions. However, before implementing such a solution, some preliminary analysis is needed. First, the most convenient communications technologies should be selected for each application and specific communications architecture should be deployed to support such services. Standardization is essential for successful deployment.

The amount of information that can be delivered between vehicles and other road users is quite high. This fact may produce technical and practical problems. Hardware solutions and software algorithms are possible to address such contingencies.

Field Operational Tests are essential for proving the feasibility of implementing any service or system based on V2V or V2I communications. Furthermore, the penetration rate among vehicles is crucial for obtaining significant results.

This Special Issue aims to cover the most recent advances in connected vehicles, V2V communications, and VANET. Topics, such as standardization and communications security, are covered in this issue. Furthermore, Field Operational Tests and trials are welcomed. Reviews and surveys of the state-of-the-art are also welcomed. Authors are invited to contact the guest editor—prior to submission—if they are uncertain whether their work falls within the Special Issue’s general scope.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • V2V communications
  • V2I communications
  • Connected vehicles
  • VANET
  • DSRC
  • Communications security
  • Communications architecture
  • Communications technologies
  • Smartphones geolocation
  • Cooperative services
  • Applications for improving safety
  • Applications for improving efficiency
  • Vehicle positioning
  • Communication standardization
  • Geonetworking
  • Trial and Field Operational Tests

Dr. Felipe Jimenez
Guest Editor

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Electronics is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Keywords

  • V2X communications
  • connected vehicles
  • VANET
  • communications architecture
  • communications technologies

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Editorial

Jump to: Research

Open AccessEditorial Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET
Electronics 2015, 4(3), 538-540; doi:10.3390/electronics4030538
Received: 29 July 2015 / Accepted: 3 August 2015 / Published: 6 August 2015
PDF Full-text (134 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Communications between vehicles are seen as a solution for road transport problems, such as accidents, inefficiencies, traffic congestions, fuel consumption, and exhaust emissions. However, before implementing such a solution, some preliminary analysis is needed. First, the most convenient communications technologies should be selected
[...] Read more.
Communications between vehicles are seen as a solution for road transport problems, such as accidents, inefficiencies, traffic congestions, fuel consumption, and exhaust emissions. However, before implementing such a solution, some preliminary analysis is needed. First, the most convenient communications technologies should be selected for each application and specific communications architecture should be deployed to support such services. Standardization is essential for successful deployment.[...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)

Research

Jump to: Editorial

Open AccessArticle Security of Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems: Standards, Threats Analysis and Cryptographic Countermeasures
Electronics 2015, 4(3), 380-423; doi:10.3390/electronics4030380
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 22 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 6 July 2015
Cited by 10 | PDF Full-text (2184 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Due to the growing number of vehicles on the roads worldwide, road traffic accidents are currently recognized as a major public safety problem. In this context, connected vehicles are considered as the key enabling technology to improve road safety and to foster the
[...] Read more.
Due to the growing number of vehicles on the roads worldwide, road traffic accidents are currently recognized as a major public safety problem. In this context, connected vehicles are considered as the key enabling technology to improve road safety and to foster the emergence of next generation cooperative intelligent transport systems (ITS). Through the use of wireless communication technologies, the deployment of ITS will enable vehicles to autonomously communicate with other nearby vehicles and roadside infrastructures and will open the door for a wide range of novel road safety and driver assistive applications. However, connecting wireless-enabled vehicles to external entities can make ITS applications vulnerable to various security threats, thus impacting the safety of drivers. This article reviews the current research challenges and opportunities related to the development of secure and safe ITS applications. It first explores the architecture and main characteristics of ITS systems and surveys the key enabling standards and projects. Then, various ITS security threats are analyzed and classified, along with their corresponding cryptographic countermeasures. Finally, a detailed ITS safety application case study is analyzed and evaluated in light of the European ETSI TC ITS standard. An experimental test-bed is presented, and several elliptic curve digital signature algorithms (ECDSA) are benchmarked for signing and verifying ITS safety messages. To conclude, lessons learned, open research challenges and opportunities are discussed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)
Open AccessArticle On the Impact of Building Attenuation Models in VANET Simulations of Urban Scenarios
Electronics 2015, 4(1), 37-58; doi:10.3390/electronics4010037
Received: 29 October 2014 / Accepted: 29 December 2014 / Published: 8 January 2015
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (6065 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Buildings are important elements of cities for VANETs, since these obstacles may attenuate communications between vehicles. Consequently, the impact of buildings has to be considered as part of the attenuation model in VANET simulations of urban scenarios. However, the more elaborated the model,
[...] Read more.
Buildings are important elements of cities for VANETs, since these obstacles may attenuate communications between vehicles. Consequently, the impact of buildings has to be considered as part of the attenuation model in VANET simulations of urban scenarios. However, the more elaborated the model, the more information needs to be processed during the simulation, which implies longer processing times. This complexity in simulations is not always worth it, because simplified channel models occasionally offer very accurate results. We compare three approaches to model the impact of buildings in the channel model of simulated VANETs in two urban scenarios. The simulation results for our evaluation scenarios of a traffic-efficiency application indicate that modeling the influence of buildings in urban areas as the total absence of communication between vehicles gives similar results to modeling such influence in a more realistic fashion and could be considered a conservative bound in the performance metrics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)
Open AccessArticle A Validated Analytical Model for Availability Prediction of IPTV Services in VANETs
Electronics 2014, 3(4), 689-711; doi:10.3390/electronics3040689
Received: 30 October 2014 / Revised: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 11 December 2014 / Published: 19 December 2014
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1032 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), besides the original applications typically related to traffic safety, we nowadays can observe an increasing trend toward infotainment applications, such as IPTV services. Quality of experience (QoE), as observed by the end users of IPTV, is highly
[...] Read more.
In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), besides the original applications typically related to traffic safety, we nowadays can observe an increasing trend toward infotainment applications, such as IPTV services. Quality of experience (QoE), as observed by the end users of IPTV, is highly important to guarantee adequate user acceptance for the service. In IPTV, QoE is mainly determined by the availability of TV channels for the users. This paper presents an efficient and rather generally applicable analytical model that allows one to predict the blocking probability of TV channels, both for channel-switching-induced, as well as for handover-induced blocking events. We present the successful validation of the model by means of simulation, and we introduce a new measure for QoE. Numerous case studies illustrate how the analytical model and our new QoE measure can be applied successfully for the dimensioning of IPTV systems, taking into account the QoE requirements of the IPTV service users in strongly diverse traffic scenarios. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)
Figures

Open AccessArticle RF Infrastructure Cooperative System for in Lane Vehicle Localization
Electronics 2014, 3(4), 598-608; doi:10.3390/electronics3040598
Received: 24 July 2014 / Revised: 9 October 2014 / Accepted: 21 October 2014 / Published: 5 November 2014
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (264 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper presents a sensor which can be included in an Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) that is compliant with the Vehicle to Infrastructure communication standard (V2I). This system allows estimation of the vehicle lateral position in real time by ensuring cooperation between
[...] Read more.
This paper presents a sensor which can be included in an Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) that is compliant with the Vehicle to Infrastructure communication standard (V2I). This system allows estimation of the vehicle lateral position in real time by ensuring cooperation between an on-board vehicle system and passive transponders integrated in the lateral white strips of the road. Based on an optimization method, the lateral position vehicle is provided with a distance error less than 3 cm. In this paper, experimental results are presented in order to evaluate the robustness of the proposed system in a realistic environment. Three scenarios are considered to take into account the bitumen properties, the presence of parasitic reflectors in different positions around the system and the interaction between transponders. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)
Figures

Open AccessArticle A Novel Geo-Broadcast Algorithm for V2V Communications over WSN
Electronics 2014, 3(3), 521-537; doi:10.3390/electronics3030521
Received: 31 March 2014 / Revised: 8 July 2014 / Accepted: 16 July 2014 / Published: 28 August 2014
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (5525 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The key for enabling the next generation of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), the cooperative systems, is the availability of vehicular communication technologies, whose mandatory installation in cars is foreseen in the next few years. The definition of the communications is in the
[...] Read more.
The key for enabling the next generation of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), the cooperative systems, is the availability of vehicular communication technologies, whose mandatory installation in cars is foreseen in the next few years. The definition of the communications is in the final step of development, with great efforts on standardization and some field operational tests of network devices and applications. However, some inter-vehicular communications issues are not sufficiently developed and are the target of research. One of these challenges is the construction of stable networks based on the position of the nodes of the vehicular network, as well as the broadcast of information destined to nodes concentrated in a specific geographic area without collapsing the network. In this paper, a novel algorithm for geo-broadcast communications is presented, based on the evolution of previous results in vehicular mesh networks using wireless sensor networks with IEEE 802.15.4 technology. This algorithm has been designed and compared with the IEEE 802.11p algorithms, implemented and validated in controlled conditions and tested on real vehicles. The results suggest that the characteristics of the designed broadcast algorithm can improve any vehicular communications architecture to complement a geo-networking functionality that supports a variety of ADAS. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Connected Vehicles, V2V Communications, and VANET)

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

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