Special Issue "Climate Services for Local Disaster Risk Reduction in Africa"

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2018

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Alessandro Pezzoli

Universita degli Studi di Torino, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST), Torino, Italy
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Interests: climate; meteorology; hydrology; physical geography; risk assessment; risk management
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Maurizio Tiepolo

DIST–Politecnico e Università di Torino, Italy
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Interests: hydro-climatic risk assessment; spatial planning; environmental assessment; local development
Guest Editor
Dr. Vieri Tarchiani

IBIMET-CNR, Italy
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Interests: agrometeorology; disaster risk reduction; sustainable development; institutional capacity building; agricultural risk management

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is devoted to climate change and hydroclimatic risks, as recommended by the Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction (2015), and hydro-climatic risk reduction measures, according the 13° Sustainable Development Goal of the United Nations (2015), with specific reference to African context.

We warmly welcome original, high-quality and unpublished manuscripts that present methodologies and best practices in two broad areas:

  • Local scale climate trends and climate impacts (agricultural droughts, floods, etc.),
  • Climate services offered by national meteorological organizations to local planning, projects and farmers in the form of decision-making tools for disaster risk reduction (multi-hazard risk cartography and index, early warning systems, local agro-meteorological bulletins, etc.).

Dr. Alessandro Pezzoli
Prof. Dr. Maurizio Tiepolo
Dr. Vieri Tarchiani
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Climate services
  • DroughtFlood
  • Flood time series analysis
  • Early warning systems
  • Risk analysis
  • Multi-Hazard risk
  • Risk reduction

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Evaluation of Small-Scale Fishers’ Perceptions on Climate Change and Their Coping Strategies: Insights from Lake Malawi
Climate 2018, 6(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6020034
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 30 April 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1464 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
The effects of climate change have negatively affected Malawi’s agricultural production. In this context, fisheries have been providing alternative livelihoods. However, there is a knowledge gap around the responses of small-scale fishers to climate-related changes. Therefore, a study was conducted on the Western
[...] Read more.
The effects of climate change have negatively affected Malawi’s agricultural production. In this context, fisheries have been providing alternative livelihoods. However, there is a knowledge gap around the responses of small-scale fishers to climate-related changes. Therefore, a study was conducted on the Western shores of Lake Malawi between August 2015 and April 2016. The study evaluated the perceived effects of climate change on small-scale fishers and their coping strategies by employing a wide range of methods for data collection and analysis. The study used explorative surveys, household surveys, focus group discussions and key informant interviews to collect data. The study randomly sampled 112 household heads who owned either fishing gear or a fishing vessel or both. Content analysis for themes was used to analyse the qualitative data. The Mann–Kendal Test was used to analyse trends in meteorological data, and binary logistic regression was used to determine factors that influence coping with low fish catches. Despite the respondents noticing an increased incidence of extreme weather events and low fish catches, their perceptions could not be validated using time series meteorological data. However, such perceptions were influenced by experience from long-time exposure to extreme weather events and to low fish catches. The majority of the fishers had adjusted to these changes by increasing their fishing time, using highly efficient illegal fishing nets, expanding farming land, operating small businesses and undertaking casual labour in agriculture and fishing activities. The fishers’ propensity to adjust to these changes increased due to the presence of the following factors: older age of household head, higher education level, being married and having an annual income. In contrast, being a member of fish conservation club decreased the probability of adjusting. This study emphasizes the need to be cautious when defining and framing perceptions of local communities on extreme weather events as data obtained could be misleading. Furthermore, a multi-sectoral approach to balance sustainable livelihoods and management of fisheries is needed. These findings provide theoretical and practical lessons that can inform design, planning and implementation of policies that enhance adaptive capacity in fisheries and promote sustainable livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Services for Local Disaster Risk Reduction in Africa)
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Open AccessArticle Closing the Gap between Climate Information Producers and Users: Assessment of Needs and Uptake in Senegal
Climate 2018, 6(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6010013
Received: 17 December 2017 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 15 February 2018 / Published: 19 February 2018
PDF Full-text (5505 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
West Africa is a very vulnerable part of the world to the impacts of climate change due to a combination of exposure and low adaptive capacity. Climate change has induced an increase in rainfall variability which in turn has affected the availability of
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West Africa is a very vulnerable part of the world to the impacts of climate change due to a combination of exposure and low adaptive capacity. Climate change has induced an increase in rainfall variability which in turn has affected the availability of water resources, ecosystem services and agricultural production. To adapt to the increased aridity, farmers have used indigenous and modern coping strategies such as soil and water conservation techniques, the use of drought-tolerant crops and varieties, crop diversification, etc., and lately, climate information services (CIS). The latter, according to the discourses, has positively contributed to suitable decision-making in terms of farming, pastoral and fishing management systems. However, the scientific documentation of the engagement approaches, the uptake of the CIS and the ways the delivered information is being used, as well as feedback from the users, is lacking. Additionally, in most of the cases where CIS are introduced, the disconnect between the users and producers of the CIS seems to undercut large-scale uptake. The objective of this paper is to examine the approach used to involve stakeholders in the CIS uptake process in Senegal. We analyzed the experiences and lessons learnt in the country where various CIS products were introduced using participatory methods (stakeholder consultations, interviews, field demonstrations, training workshops, etc.) and innovative stressors (SMS, voice messages, radios, mobile applications, etc.) to effectively involve producers, technicians and policy-makers. Results showed that 16 relevant CIS have been produced out of 27 identified by the various users; 11 CIS diffusion channels have been developed out of 13 requested; 27 climate advisory bodies (MWGs) have been created in 27 districts out of 30 districts in the study zone; about 6800 users have been trained directly and indirectly to effectively use CIS and about 8500 people are receiving CIS via SMS, voice messaging and emails. The opportunities for CIS uptake as well as the challenges that may impede the long-term sustainability of CIS upscaling in the country are highlighted. Recommendations that will improve and sustain the governance system of CIS in Senegal and the rest of West Africa include the involvement of private sectors in the chain of production, delivery and training, and the inciting of producers to largely subscribe to the weather-based index insurance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Services for Local Disaster Risk Reduction in Africa)
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