Special Issue "Farm Animal Transport"

A special issue of Animals (ISSN 2076-2615). This special issue belongs to the section "Farm Animals".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Claire A. Weeks

Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Langford, Bristol, BS40 5DU, United Kingdom
Website | E-Mail
Interests: welfare assessment; transport; poultry; housing systems; markets; knowledge transfer; farm animal welfare

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Worldwide about 70 billion farm animals are produced for food with around two thirds farmed intensively. Most of these animals will experience more than one journey, as the stages of production have become more specialised. For example, layer chicks are transported to a rearing facility, then on to a laying farm and finally to slaughter. There is considerable evidence that the stressors associated with handling and transport often negatively affect the health, productivity and welfare of the animals transported. For meat animals transported to slaughter, meat quality may be impaired by stressful conditions experienced during the transportation process. Mortality during transport is common, particularly in poultry, and may be accepted where levels do not have an economic impact, yet this is both an ethical and a sustainability concern.

We invite original research papers that address improved methods for handling farmed animals during loading and unloading, conditions during transit, including vehicle design and on-board monitoring systems, and consequences for animals of being transported in terms of physiology, behaviour and productivity. Additional topics may include the effects of training human handlers and pre-transport conditioning techniques to reduce the impact of transportation.

Dr. Claire A. Weeks
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Animals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Transport
  • Livestock
  • Poultry
  • welfare
  • Physiology
  • Behaviour
  • Meat quality
  • Heat stress
  • Ventilation
  • Handling

Published Papers (4 papers)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-4
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

Open AccessArticle Road Transport of Farm Animals: Mortality, Morbidity, Species and Country of Origin at a Southern Italian Control Post
Animals 2018, 8(9), 155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8090155
Received: 17 August 2018 / Revised: 14 September 2018 / Accepted: 15 September 2018 / Published: 17 September 2018
PDF Full-text (1923 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Statistics on animal transport and its implications for health and welfare are limited. This study documented the animals transiting through a control post and their welfare outcomes measured by mortality rate and the prevalence of animals considered unfit for further transport (i.e., morbidity).
[...] Read more.
Statistics on animal transport and its implications for health and welfare are limited. This study documented the animals transiting through a control post and their welfare outcomes measured by mortality rate and the prevalence of animals considered unfit for further transport (i.e., morbidity). Reports filed by the director of the control post and Official Veterinarians from 2010 to 2015 were analyzed. A total of 60,454 (54.2%) sheep/goats, 45,749 (41.0%) cattle, and 5333 (4.8%) pigs travelled in 225 (16.2%), 1116 (80.2%) and 50 (3.6%) trucks, respectively. Trucks coming mainly from France (71.3%), Spain (14.0%), and Ireland (7.4%) went mainly to Greece (95.4%), which was also the most common nationality of the transport companies (44.6%). Cases of mortality and/or morbidity were reported for only 11 out of the 1391 trucks (0.8%). The average mortality and morbidity rates were 0.025% and 0.010%, with maximum values for transport of lambs (0.084%, and 0.019%). Species of animal being transported and space allowance were associated with the measured welfare outcomes (p < 0.05). Overall, this study provided statistics based on official surveillance reports, suggesting that small space allowance during long haul transportation of sheep/goats may affect their health and welfare. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Farm Animal Transport)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessFeature PaperCommunication An Evaluation of Two Different Broiler Catching Methods
Animals 2018, 8(8), 141; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8080141
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 13 August 2018 / Published: 15 August 2018
PDF Full-text (858 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the
[...] Read more.
Catching is the first step in the pre-slaughter chain for broiler chickens. The process may be detrimental for animal welfare due to the associated handling. The aim of this pilot study was to compare two different methods to manually catch broilers: Catching the broilers by two legs and carrying them inverted (LEGS) or catching the broilers under the abdomen and carrying them in an upright position (UPRIGHT). Wing and leg fractures upon arrival at the abattoir, animal density in the drawers, birds on their back, broilers dead-on-arrival and time to fill the transport modules were investigated. The results showed that mean crating time was shorter in the UPRIGHT method (p = 0.007). There was a tendency for more wing fractures in broilers caught by the LEGS (p = 0.06). The animal density in the drawers was lower and with a smaller range in the UPRIGHT method (p = 0.022). The results indicate that catching the broilers under the abdomen in an upright position may improve broiler welfare in terms of fewer wing fractures, more consistent stocking density in drawers and potentially reduced loading time. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Farm Animal Transport)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle Relationship between Methods of Loading and Unloading, Carcass Bruising, and Animal Welfare in the Transportation of Extensively Reared Beef Cattle
Animals 2018, 8(7), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8070119
Received: 21 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 17 July 2018
PDF Full-text (382 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
In Uruguay, extensive, welfare-friendly beef production is a substantial part of the economy and culture. Transport of beef cattle to slaughterhouse compromises animal welfare. The objective of this study was to assess transport conditions related to carcass bruising. A total of 242 trucks
[...] Read more.
In Uruguay, extensive, welfare-friendly beef production is a substantial part of the economy and culture. Transport of beef cattle to slaughterhouse compromises animal welfare. The objective of this study was to assess transport conditions related to carcass bruising. A total of 242 trucks with 8132 animals were assessed on loading, transport, unloading conditions, and carcass bruising. Average loading time was 26 min and 21 s and the perception of the truck drivers was correlated with the time took for loading and the use of devices. In 39.3% of the loadings only a flag was used. The average unloading time was 5 min and 54 s with a significant difference in time for the use of devices; only flag 3 min 51 s, cattle prod 6 min 43 s and sticks 8 min 09 s. Of the carcasses observed, 772 (9.5%) had no bruises, 873 (10.7%) had one bruise, 1312 (16.1%) two, 1231 (15.1%) three and 3944 (48.5%) had four or more bruises. Prevalence of bruises were highest on the Tuber-coxea (hip) (29.3%) following forequarter (22.4%), Tuber-ischiadicum (rear) (17.3%), ribs/flank (14.1%), rump/round (10.1%) and loin (6.8%). Bruises were 68.7% grade 1 and 31.3 % grade 2; there were no grade 3, the deepest ones, observed. It appeared that animal welfare training of truck drivers worked out well and the use of flags increased compared to a previous study in 2008. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Farm Animal Transport)
Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessFeature PaperReview Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them
Animals 2018, 8(7), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8070124
Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
PDF Full-text (194 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Poor production and handling practices continue to persist that are both detrimental to animal welfare and financially burdensome. These practices continue to persist for three reasons: (1) a segmented marketing chain where a producer is not held financially accountable for losses; (2) failure
[...] Read more.
Poor production and handling practices continue to persist that are both detrimental to animal welfare and financially burdensome. These practices continue to persist for three reasons: (1) a segmented marketing chain where a producer is not held financially accountable for losses; (2) failure to measure and assess chronic painful problems such as lame livestock; and (3) repeating old mistakes, such as housing fattening cattle for long periods of time on bare concrete. Two examples of the first type of losses are bruises caused by poor handling and sick cattle at feedlots caused by failure to vaccinate and precondition weaned calves at the farm of origin. In some segmented marketing systems, there is no economic incentive to vaccinate. When the animals get sick, the responsibility gets passed to the next person. Buyers of meat products can reduce these “passed on” losses by source verification. The first step to reducing problems, such as lame livestock, is to measure the percentage of lame animals and work with the producers to reduce them. Also, transportation payments should be changed and contracts should be based on the condition of the animals at delivery. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Farm Animal Transport)
Back to Top