E-Mail Alert

Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this journal:

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Special Issue "Nuclear Symmetry Energy"

Quicklinks

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2016)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Dinesh Shetty (Website)

Department of Physics/Pre-Engineering, Aquinas College, 1607 Robinson Road SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49506, USA
Interests: physics of exotic nuclei using beams of rare-isotope nuclei; heavy-ion reactions; structure of neutron stars and nuclear symmetry energy; fusion & fission reaction studies

Special Issue Information

Dear colleagues,

Manuscripts regarding research on nuclear symmetry energy in theoretical and experimental areas are invited for this Special Issue of Nuclear Symmetry Energy. Nuclear symmetry energy is of fundamental importance for studying systems as diverse as the atomic nucleus and the neutron star. Considerable theoretical and experimental efforts are being made to understand nuclear symmetry energy, and its dependence on nuclear density and temperature. In particular, the high density behavior of nuclear symmetry energy is currently unconstrained. Constraints on the high density behavior of nuclear symmetry energy is important for understanding a wide range of issues in the area of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics; topics range from neutron-rich nuclei to the structure and cooling of neutron stars, among others. The prospect of neutron-rich beams becoming available at FRIB (the Future Rare Isotope Beam Facility) in the USA, and other facilities world-wide, is expected to generate a significant amount of information on nuclear symmetry energy, and its role in shaping matter in its extreme form.

Prof. Dr. Dinesh Shetty
Guest Editor

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 800 CHF (Swiss Francs).

Keywords

  • nuclear symmetry energy
  • nuclear equation of state
  • neutron-rich nuclei
  • neutron stars
  • nuclear matter

Published Papers (3 papers)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-3
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

Open AccessArticle Effect of Tensor Correlations on the Density Dependence of the Nuclear Symmetry Energy
Symmetry 2015, 7(1), 15-31; doi:10.3390/sym7010015
Received: 30 September 2014 / Accepted: 8 December 2014 / Published: 29 December 2014
PDF Full-text (417 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
We analyze the effect of the tensor force and other components of the nucleon-nucleon interaction on the nuclear symmetry energy and its density dependence by using the Hellmann–Feynman theorem. The analysis is performed within the microscopic Brueckner–Hartree–Fock approach using the Argonne V18 [...] Read more.
We analyze the effect of the tensor force and other components of the nucleon-nucleon interaction on the nuclear symmetry energy and its density dependence by using the Hellmann–Feynman theorem. The analysis is performed within the microscopic Brueckner–Hartree–Fock approach using the Argonne V18 potential plus a Urbana IX three-nucleon force. Our results show that the potential part of the nuclear Hamiltonian, and in particular its tensor component, gives the largest contribution to the symmetry energy. The decomposition of the symmetry energy into a kinetic part and a potential energy part provides physical insight on the correlated nature of the system, indicating that pure neutron matter is less correlated than symmetric nuclear matter. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nuclear Symmetry Energy)

Review

Jump to: Research

Open AccessReview Cosmological Reflection of Particle Symmetry
Symmetry 2016, 8(8), 81; doi:10.3390/sym8080081
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 10 August 2016 / Published: 20 August 2016
PDF Full-text (648 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The standard model involves particle symmetry and the mechanism of its breaking. Modern cosmology is based on inflationary models with baryosynthesis and dark matter/energy, which involves physics beyond the standard model. Studies of the physical basis of modern cosmology combine direct searches [...] Read more.
The standard model involves particle symmetry and the mechanism of its breaking. Modern cosmology is based on inflationary models with baryosynthesis and dark matter/energy, which involves physics beyond the standard model. Studies of the physical basis of modern cosmology combine direct searches for new physics at accelerators with its indirect non-accelerator probes, in which cosmological consequences of particle models play an important role. The cosmological reflection of particle symmetry and the mechanisms of its breaking are the subject of the present review. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nuclear Symmetry Energy)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessReview Recent Advances in Microscopic Approaches to Nuclear Matter and Symmetry Energy
Symmetry 2014, 6(4), 851-879; doi:10.3390/sym6040851
Received: 23 July 2014 / Revised: 21 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 September 2014 / Published: 20 October 2014
PDF Full-text (4496 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Nuclear matter is a convenient theoretical laboratory to test many-body theories. When neutron and proton densities are different, the isospin dependence of the nuclear force gives rise to the symmetry energy term in the equation of state. This quantity is a crucial [...] Read more.
Nuclear matter is a convenient theoretical laboratory to test many-body theories. When neutron and proton densities are different, the isospin dependence of the nuclear force gives rise to the symmetry energy term in the equation of state. This quantity is a crucial mechanism in the formation of the neutron skin in nuclei, as well as in other systems and phenomena involved in the dynamics of neutrons and protons in neutron-rich systems, such as isospin-asymmetric heavy-ion collisions. In this article, we will review phenomenological facts about the symmetry energy and recent experimental efforts to constrain its density dependence and related quantities. We will then review our microscopic approach to the equation of state of symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter and present a corresponding set of predictions. Our calculations utilize the Dirac–Brueckner–Hartree–Fock method and realistic meson-theoretic nucleon-nucleon potentials. Chiral perturbation theory is an alternative approach, based on a well-defined scheme, which allows one to develop nuclear forces at each order of the chiral expansion. We will present and discuss predictions based on chiral perturbation theory, where we employ consistent two- and three-body chiral interactions. Throughout the article, one of the focal points is the importance of pursuing ab initio methods towards a deeper understanding of the many-body system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nuclear Symmetry Energy)

Journal Contact

MDPI AG
Symmetry Editorial Office
St. Alban-Anlage 66, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
symmetry@mdpi.com
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
Fax: +41 61 302 89 18
Editorial Board
Contact Details Submit to Symmetry
Back to Top