Special Issue "Fluctuating Asymmetry"


A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 January 2015

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. John H. Graham
Department of Biology, Berry College, Mount Berry, Georgia, 30149, USA
E-Mail: jgraham@berry.edu
Phone: +01 706290 2671
Fax: +01 706238 7855
Interests: fluctuating asymmetry, developmental instability, evolutionary genetics, hybrid zones, community ecology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Fluctuating asymmetry is the random deviation from perfect symmetry in populations of organisms. It is a measure of developmental noise, which reflects a population’s average state of adaptation and coadaptation. Moreover, it often increases under both environmental and genetic stress. Researchers study fluctuating asymmetry as deviations from bilateral, radial, rotational, dihedral, translational, helical, and fractal symmetries. Fluctuating asymmetry is measured via traditional measures of dispersion (variances and mean absolute deviations), landmark methods for shape asymmetry, and continuous symmetry measures. It has numerous applications in evolutionary biology, quantitative genetics, environmental biology, ecotoxicology, conservation biology, anthropology, agriculture and aquaculture, evolutionary psychology, and medicine and public health.

The aim of this Special Issue is to highlight all aspects of fluctuating asymmetry in the biological sciences. Research papers, comprehensive reviews, and discussions of theory are especially welcome. However, any other kind of paper: communication, technical note, short overview or comment will also be taken into consideration.

Dr. John H. Graham
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 500 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • fluctuating asymmetry
  • directional asymmetry
  • antisymmetry
  • symmetry breaking
  • developmental noise
  • robustness
  • biological indicators
  • Darwinian fitness
  • measuring deviations from perfect symmetry
  • sexual selection

Published Papers

No papers have been published in this special issue yet.

Last update: 26 May 2014

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