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Special Issue "Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainability of Culture and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Lisa Ruhanen

Associate Professor in Tourism, UQ Business School, The University of Queensland, Australia
Website | E-Mail
Interests: sustainable tourism; destination planning and governance; responsible tourism and ethics; indigenous tourism

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Present-day discussions of ‘sustainable tourism’ should arguably be influenced by a post-sustainability paradigm. This paradigm shift can be attributed in part to the macro complexities of issues such as climate change, environment and habitat destruction, loss of flora and fauna species, erosion of cultures and lifestyles, and millions of people still living in poverty. In a tourism context, we would like to say that these macro challenges are being redressed to some extent through the long talked about contribution tourists can make to environmental protection or improved socio-economic opportunities in developing parts of the world. We are still yet to see considerable changes in personal ethics that influence behaviour, neither towards the environment or humanity more broadly. We are also yet to see widespread evidence of changing business ethics or legitimate examples of corporate responsibility in the private sector either.

This Special Issue seeks critical and contemporary discussions of sustainable tourism in this post-sustainability paradigm. Papers that critically reflect on the challenges of the broader macro complexities from both demand and supply side perspectives are welcome. This Special Issue also seeks to understand the opportunities of sustainable tourism. For instance, what opportunities do we have to better position the next generation of tourism leaders, government policy makers and business leaders? How do our tourism graduates harness the opportunities offered by the billion plus travellers annually moving around the world to more genuinely benefits people and the environment?

Dr. Lisa Ruhanen
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sustainable tourism
  • Climate change
  • Environmental change
  • Tourist behavior
  • Ethics
  • Demand and supply side
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Higher education graduates

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Innovating Rural Tourism Targeting Poverty Alleviation through a Multi-Industries Integration Network: the Case of Zhuanshui Village, Anhui Province, China
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2162; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072162
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 25 June 2018
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Abstract
For an impoverished area to employ rural tourism (RT) as an avenue of poverty alleviation, there are two main challenges: building competitiveness with a very limited endowed resource base, and targeting the poor who generally lack financial capital or key capabilities as the
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For an impoverished area to employ rural tourism (RT) as an avenue of poverty alleviation, there are two main challenges: building competitiveness with a very limited endowed resource base, and targeting the poor who generally lack financial capital or key capabilities as the main beneficiaries. With a case of Zhuanshui in China, an impoverished village without prominent tourism resource endowment, this paper has shown that the two challenges can be met through an innovation to construct a multi-industries integration network. This paper explores the development of the network, examines its characteristics, and analyzes its operation mechanisms. Results indicate that (1) the common objective of poverty alleviation and the same fundamental resource, combine RT and its extension industries tightly into an integration network; (2) sufficient evidence has been found for the embeddedness, endogeneity and empowerment of the network, but for empowerment, the poor’s participation is just the first stage to make appropriate decisions about the development due to their inadequate capabilities; and (3) vision developing, demonstration driving and centralized decentralization governance are three vital operational mechanisms to encourage the participation and collaboration of stakeholders. We also discussed the possible challenges for sustainability, being replicability of established competitive advantages, temporality of the major leader, and potential environmental degradation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Business Sustainability: How Does Tourism Compare?
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 968; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040968
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 16 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 26 March 2018
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Abstract
This study aims to empirically compare the adoption of business sustainability amongst 291 randomly-selected tourism and non-tourism businesses in New South Wales, Australia. Tourism businesses were found to be more committed to environmentally-sustainable practices than other types of businesses with there being a
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This study aims to empirically compare the adoption of business sustainability amongst 291 randomly-selected tourism and non-tourism businesses in New South Wales, Australia. Tourism businesses were found to be more committed to environmentally-sustainable practices than other types of businesses with there being a clear correlation with their ability to learn and adapt. This contradicts criticisms in the literature that tourism businesses are slow adopters of sustainability. This study highlights the need for further research into why tourism businesses in New South Wales, Australia, are reporting higher levels of performance in terms of adopting environmental values than other businesses in contradiction to the general perception of tourism businesses in the literature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
Open AccessArticle Will the Future Be Greener? The Environmental Behavioral Intentions of University Tourism Students
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 634; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030634
Received: 26 December 2017 / Revised: 17 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
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Abstract
Sustainable tourism is essential for tourism sector development. Environmentally responsible behaviors and behavioral intentions are important prerequisites for sustainable tourism. This research explores the behavioral intentions of university tourism students and significant factors affecting these behavioral intentions. The questionnaire survey method was applied
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Sustainable tourism is essential for tourism sector development. Environmentally responsible behaviors and behavioral intentions are important prerequisites for sustainable tourism. This research explores the behavioral intentions of university tourism students and significant factors affecting these behavioral intentions. The questionnaire survey method was applied to university students from the tourism departments of nine universities in Taiwan. A total of 390 valid questionnaires were collected. The pro-environmental behavioral intentions of the students ranged from moderate to high. Environmental knowledge positively affected behavioral intentions and positively influenced environmental sensitivity and environmental responsibility. Furthermore, environmental sensitivity and environmental responsibility exerted a full effect in mediating the relationship between environmental knowledge and behavioral intentions. Hence, increasing students’ environmental knowledge will enhance their behavioral intentions. However, by improving students’ sensitivity and responsibility, their intentions to protect the environment can be more effectively elevated. Development implications and recommendations for sustainable tourism and higher education are provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Open AccessArticle The Problems of Tourist Sustainability in Cultural Cities: Socio-Political Perceptions and Interests Management
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 503; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020503
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 5 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (3564 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The aim of this article is to analyse the social and political capacity of cities affected by cultural tourism. An investigation is carried out into the state of the situation in saturated destinations, the problems this poses to tourist sustainability and the positions
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The aim of this article is to analyse the social and political capacity of cities affected by cultural tourism. An investigation is carried out into the state of the situation in saturated destinations, the problems this poses to tourist sustainability and the positions of the various different interest groups. In Europe, many cultural cities-cum-tourist hotspots have reached such high levels of socio-political saturation that the resident population’s capacity for carrying tourism has become overstretched. This has led to a state of irritation among the local population. Social movements now include this on their agenda but the various different interest groups (residents, political groups, entrepreneurs, management bodies) all react differently. We present data relating to the case of Barcelona, with analyses of residents’ and tourists’ opinions, the actions of social mobilization carried out by pressure groups, media repercussion and the reactions of the business sector and political groups. We examine data collected from surveys and opinions carried in the media. The sustainability and management of interests indicate changes in both the number and the type of tourists, the occupation of public spaces, the distribution of profit among entrepreneurs, residents and the political and economic model of society in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Open AccessArticle A Decision-Making and Governance Framework for the Renewal of Tourism Destinations: The Case of the Canary Islands
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 310; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020310
Received: 10 December 2017 / Revised: 17 January 2018 / Accepted: 21 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (552 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Tourism destinations in advanced stages of the life cycle need to update their lodging offers and infrastructures. The main problem is that new destinations are planned according to the new preferences of customers, creating critical problems in older destinations related to the architecture
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Tourism destinations in advanced stages of the life cycle need to update their lodging offers and infrastructures. The main problem is that new destinations are planned according to the new preferences of customers, creating critical problems in older destinations related to the architecture of the buildings, size of the rooms, dimension of lodgings, complementary offer, and infrastructures. The aim of this paper is to develop a decision-making and governance framework for the renewal of destinations in an advanced stage of the life cycle that require the renovation of the lodging offer and infrastructures in order to increase their competitiveness and sustainability. The decisions were planned and carried out in the Canary Islands by stakeholders involved in the public and private sectors. The evaluation of actions to renew the lodgings and infrastructures through special legislation, leadership, sources of financing, and investment guarantees is presented to determine the level of success obtained. Because the Canary Islands is one of the main tourist destinations in Europe, the actions and procedures presented can be used in other destinations with similar characteristics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Open AccessArticle Destination Personality, Destination Image, and Intent to Recommend: The Role of Gender, Age, Cultural Background, and Prior Experiences
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010087
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 25 December 2017 / Accepted: 28 December 2017 / Published: 31 December 2017
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Abstract
When tourists chose destinations, they usually select locations that satisfy the subjective criteria of their requirements. The purpose of this study was to delineate those criteria by analyzing the interrelationships among destination personality, image, and intent to recommend while examining the effects of
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When tourists chose destinations, they usually select locations that satisfy the subjective criteria of their requirements. The purpose of this study was to delineate those criteria by analyzing the interrelationships among destination personality, image, and intent to recommend while examining the effects of gender, age, cultural background, and prior tourist experience. The data were collected from a major tourism destination in South Korea. A total of 316 usable surveys were analyzed using structural analysis. The results show that three of the four factors for destination personality significantly affected destination image. In turn, destination image influenced intent to recommend. Subsequent tests for metric invariances showed differences in the moderating role of cultural background, gender, age, and prior experience. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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Open AccessArticle A Model of Market Positioning of Destinations Based on Online Customer Reviews of Lodgings
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010078
Received: 10 December 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (3276 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The aim of this study is to develop a methodology to determine the competitive online positioning of lodging companies in different tourist destinations. The rise of the digital age has allowed many customers to share their opinions through specialized websites, providing a dynamic
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The aim of this study is to develop a methodology to determine the competitive online positioning of lodging companies in different tourist destinations. The rise of the digital age has allowed many customers to share their opinions through specialized websites, providing a dynamic and constantly updated evaluation of the market. In this context, competitiveness is an essential factor in the economic sustainability of destinations. The competitive positioning of destinations is determined by the scale of variables used by Booking.com. The price and lodging category variables are also used, as well as three new variables derived from the initial scale: the quality average, value and added value. This methodology provides a tool to determine the level of competitiveness of the lodging offered in tourist destinations, based on which, actions can be taken to improve destinations’ positioning. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism)
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