Special Issue "Synthesis and Extraction in Supercritical Fluids"
A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2012)
Prof. Dr. Pedro Lozano
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology "B", Faculty of Chemistry, University of Murcia, E-30.100- MURCIA, Spain
One of the major challenges to be faced by the chemical industry at the beginning of this century is the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly synthetic processes. Supercritical fluids (SCFs) are becoming increasingly popular as media for clean chemical syntheses, including the development of specialized materials. Additionally to the classic application to the extraction of pure biologically active compounds from raw materials, the unique properties of SCFs have opened a broad number of applications in the synthesis of fine chemicals by (bio)catalytic transformations, the preparation of advanced materials (e.g. nanoparticles, catalysts, polymers, porous materials, etc), as well as the design of continuous clean synthetic processes. In the last decade, furthermore, the combination of SCFs with others clean non-aqueous solvents, such as ionic liquids (ILs), was appeared as a clear strategy to develop integral green multicatalytic processes. SCFs/ILs biphasic mixtures seem to be perfect tools for green chemical synthesis, and the interest for application at industrial scale is beyond doubt. The door leading to a green chemical industry is open.
This Special Issue on Synthesis in Supercritical Fluids will offer an attractive forum to present the (bio)catalytic synthesis and/or the down-stream processes for fine chemicals, nutraceuticals, fuels, etc., including the preparation and/or application of advanced materials in SCFs. I strongly encourage authors to submit papers for this Special Issue on Synthesis in Supercritical Fluids, within the scope of Molecules. I hope that the topics covered will reflect the potential and the excitement of SCFs in the green chemical community.
Prof. Dr. Pedro Lozano
- catalysts in SCFs: Preparation and applications
- continuous synthetic processes in SCFs
- biocatalysts in SCFs
- nanoparticles in SCFs
- SCFs in biofuels technology
- SCFs in green chemistry
- supercritical extraction
- supercritical fluids / ionic liquids systems