Next Article in Journal
Bioactivity-Guided Isolation of Ethyl-p-methoxycinnamate, an Anti-inflammatory Constituent, from Kaempferia galanga L. Extracts
Previous Article in Journal
Buddleja officinalis Maximowicz Extract Inhibits Lipid Accumulation on Adipocyte Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cells and High-Fat Mice
Previous Article in Special Issue
Supercritical Extraction of Lycopene from Tomato Industrial Wastes with Ethane
Molecules 2012, 17(7), 8696-8719; doi:10.3390/molecules17078696

Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel

1,* , 2
Received: 18 May 2012 / Revised: 12 July 2012 / Accepted: 16 July 2012 / Published: 23 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Extraction in Supercritical Fluids)
Download PDF [320 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]


The synthesis of biodiesel fuel from lipids (vegetable oils and animal fats) has gained in importance as a possible source of renewable non-fossil energy in an attempt to reduce our dependence on petroleum-based fuels. The catalytic processes commonly used for the production of biodiesel fuel present a series of limitations and drawbacks, among them the high energy consumption required for complex purification operations and undesirable side reactions. Supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies offer an interesting alternative to conventional processes for preparing biodiesel. This review highlights the advances, advantages, drawbacks and new tendencies involved in the use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) for biodiesel synthesis.
Keywords: supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Bernal, J.M.; Lozano, P.; García-Verdugo, E.; Burguete, M.I.; Sánchez-Gómez, G.; López-López, G.; Pucheault, M.; Vaultier, M.; Luis, S.V. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules 2012, 17, 8696-8719.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert