Molecules 2012, 17(7), 8696-8719; doi:10.3390/molecules17078696
Review

Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel

1 Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular B e Inmunología, Facultad de Química, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, E-30100 Murcia, Spain 2 Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Orgánica, Universidad Jaume I, Campus del Riu Sec, E-12071 Castellón, Spain 3 Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Química, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, E-30100 Murcia, Spain 4 Groupe Phoenics, Institut des Sciences Moléculaires, Université Bordeaux 1. CNRS UMR 5255, F33405 Talence cedex, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 May 2012; in revised form: 12 July 2012 / Accepted: 16 July 2012 / Published: 23 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Extraction in Supercritical Fluids)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [320 KB, uploaded 23 July 2012 09:15 CEST]
Abstract: The synthesis of biodiesel fuel from lipids (vegetable oils and animal fats) has gained in importance as a possible source of renewable non-fossil energy in an attempt to reduce our dependence on petroleum-based fuels. The catalytic processes commonly used for the production of biodiesel fuel present a series of limitations and drawbacks, among them the high energy consumption required for complex purification operations and undesirable side reactions. Supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies offer an interesting alternative to conventional processes for preparing biodiesel. This review highlights the advances, advantages, drawbacks and new tendencies involved in the use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) for biodiesel synthesis.
Keywords: supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bernal, J.M.; Lozano, P.; García-Verdugo, E.; Burguete, M.I.; Sánchez-Gómez, G.; López-López, G.; Pucheault, M.; Vaultier, M.; Luis, S.V. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules 2012, 17, 8696-8719.

AMA Style

Bernal JM, Lozano P, García-Verdugo E, Burguete MI, Sánchez-Gómez G, López-López G, Pucheault M, Vaultier M, Luis SV. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules. 2012; 17(7):8696-8719.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bernal, Juana M.; Lozano, Pedro; García-Verdugo, Eduardo; Burguete, M. Isabel; Sánchez-Gómez, Gregorio; López-López, Gregorio; Pucheault, Mathieu; Vaultier, Michel; Luis, Santiago V. 2012. "Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel." Molecules 17, no. 7: 8696-8719.

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert