Abstract: The synthesis of biodiesel fuel from lipids (vegetable oils and animal fats) has gained in importance as a possible source of renewable non-fossil energy in an attempt to reduce our dependence on petroleum-based fuels. The catalytic processes commonly used for the production of biodiesel fuel present a series of limitations and drawbacks, among them the high energy consumption required for complex purification operations and undesirable side reactions. Supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies offer an interesting alternative to conventional processes for preparing biodiesel. This review highlights the advances, advantages, drawbacks and new tendencies involved in the use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) for biodiesel synthesis.
Keywords: supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids
This is an open access article distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution,
and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Bernal, J.M.; Lozano, P.; García-Verdugo, E.; Burguete, M.I.; Sánchez-Gómez, G.; López-López, G.; Pucheault, M.; Vaultier, M.; Luis, S.V. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules 2012, 17, 8696-8719.
Bernal JM, Lozano P, García-Verdugo E, Burguete MI, Sánchez-Gómez G, López-López G, Pucheault M, Vaultier M, Luis SV. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules. 2012; 17(7):8696-8719.
Bernal, Juana M.; Lozano, Pedro; García-Verdugo, Eduardo; Burguete, M. Isabel; Sánchez-Gómez, Gregorio; López-López, Gregorio; Pucheault, Mathieu; Vaultier, Michel; Luis, Santiago V. 2012. "Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel." Molecules 17, no. 7: 8696-8719.