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Molecules 2012, 17(7), 8696-8719; doi:10.3390/molecules17078696
Review

Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel

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Received: 18 May 2012; in revised form: 12 July 2012 / Accepted: 16 July 2012 / Published: 23 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Extraction in Supercritical Fluids)
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Abstract: The synthesis of biodiesel fuel from lipids (vegetable oils and animal fats) has gained in importance as a possible source of renewable non-fossil energy in an attempt to reduce our dependence on petroleum-based fuels. The catalytic processes commonly used for the production of biodiesel fuel present a series of limitations and drawbacks, among them the high energy consumption required for complex purification operations and undesirable side reactions. Supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies offer an interesting alternative to conventional processes for preparing biodiesel. This review highlights the advances, advantages, drawbacks and new tendencies involved in the use of supercritical fluids (SCFs) for biodiesel synthesis.
Keywords: supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids supercritical fluids; biodiesel; biocatalysis; catalysis; ionic liquids; supported ionic liquids
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bernal, J.M.; Lozano, P.; García-Verdugo, E.; Burguete, M.I.; Sánchez-Gómez, G.; López-López, G.; Pucheault, M.; Vaultier, M.; Luis, S.V. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules 2012, 17, 8696-8719.

AMA Style

Bernal JM, Lozano P, García-Verdugo E, Burguete MI, Sánchez-Gómez G, López-López G, Pucheault M, Vaultier M, Luis SV. Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel. Molecules. 2012; 17(7):8696-8719.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bernal, Juana M.; Lozano, Pedro; García-Verdugo, Eduardo; Burguete, M. Isabel; Sánchez-Gómez, Gregorio; López-López, Gregorio; Pucheault, Mathieu; Vaultier, Michel; Luis, Santiago V. 2012. "Supercritical Synthesis of Biodiesel." Molecules 17, no. 7: 8696-8719.



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