Special Issue "Preparedness and Emergency Response"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2014)
Prof. Dr. Emmanuel Rudatsikira (Website)
School of Health Professions, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Interests: tobacco use; exposure to environmental tobacco smoke; violence; emergency preparedness and response; HIV/AIDS and adolescent health
Each year, major emergencies, both natural and man-made, claim the lives of many people all around the world and inflict a heavy toll on the economy. While we have made progress in preparedness and emergency response in the last decades, much more needs to be done. Research priorities in preparedness and emergency response identified by the Institute of Medicine include: improving the identification of health vulnerabilities and evaluation interventions to lessen the risk of poor health outcomes; developing and evaluating integrated systems of emergency public health services and incident management; developing and evaluating strategies and tools to train and exercise the public workforce to meet the responsibilities for detection, mitigation, and recovery in varied settings and populations; evaluation characteristics of effective risk communication in emergency settings and system enhancements to improve effective information exchange across diverse partners and populations under emergency conditions; scenario modeling and forecasting; and information and management tools to improve the availability and usefulness during crisis decision-making. This issue will highlight new approaches that have been applied or are under development to improve preparedness and emergency response. Research papers, analytical reviews, case studies, conceptual framework, and policy-relevant articles are solicited.
Prof. Dr. Emmanuel Rudatsikira
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.
- emergency preparedness
- disaster management
- chemical emergencies
- natural disasters
- mass casualties
- radiation emergencies
- war and terrorism
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: A Conceptual Framework to Measure Systems’ Performance during Emergency Preparedness Exercises
Authors: Elena Savoia, Foluso Agboola and Paul D. Biddinger
Abstract: Large-scale public health emergencies require a sophisticated, coordinated response involving multiple entities to protect health and minimize suffering. However, the rarity of such emergencies presents a barrier to gathering observational data about the effectiveness of the public health response before such events occur. For this reason, public health practitioners increasingly have relied on simulated emergencies, known as “exercises” as proxies to test their emergency capabilities. However, the formal evaluation of performance in these exercises, historically has been inconsistent, and there is little research to describe how data acquired from simulated emergencies actually support conclusions about the quality of the public health emergency response system. Over the past six years, we have designed and evaluated more than seventy public health emergency exercises, collaborating with public health agencies, hospitals and others to test a wide variety of systems and their capabilities. Using the data and experience that we gathered, we have developed a conceptual framework that describes the essential elements necessary to consider when applying performance measurement science to public health emergency exercises. We suggest that this framework may assist practitioners and researchers who wish to better measure performance in exercises and to improve public health emergency preparedness.