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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(11), 11081-11109; doi:10.3390/ijerph111111081

A Two-Stage Approach for Medical Supplies Intermodal Transportation in Large-Scale Disaster Responses

1,3,* and 4
Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
School of Business, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin 124221, China
General Education Center, Tokai University, Kumamoto 862-8652, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2014 / Revised: 15 October 2014 / Accepted: 17 October 2014 / Published: 27 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preparedness and Emergency Response)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [525 KB, uploaded 27 October 2014]   |  


We present a two-stage approach for the “helicopters and vehicles” intermodal transportation of medical supplies in large-scale disaster responses. In the first stage, a fuzzy-based method and its heuristic algorithm are developed to select the locations of temporary distribution centers (TDCs) and assign medial aid points (MAPs) to each TDC. In the second stage, an integer-programming model is developed to determine the delivery routes. Numerical experiments verified the effectiveness of the approach, and observed several findings: (i) More TDCs often increase the efficiency and utility of medical supplies; (ii) It is not definitely true that vehicles should load more and more medical supplies in emergency responses; (iii) The more contrasting the traveling speeds of helicopters and vehicles are, the more advantageous the intermodal transportation is. View Full-Text
Keywords: large-scale disasters; medical supplies; intermodal transportation large-scale disasters; medical supplies; intermodal transportation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ruan, J.; Wang, X.; Shi, Y. A Two-Stage Approach for Medical Supplies Intermodal Transportation in Large-Scale Disaster Responses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 11081-11109.

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