Special Issue "Antibiotic Resistant and Pathogenic Bacteria in the Food Production Environment: Epidemiological Evolution and Control"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 October 2014)
The food industries have developed in recent years due to the continuous integration of various disciplines for production, such as health, nutrition, breeding, husbandry, and biosecurity. However, food industries are facing constraints because the consequences of production on the environment, food safety, and animal health and welfare are now part of consumers’ opinions and demands. For example, emerging pathogens and antibiotic resistance in food have become a worldwide threat to public health. The use of antibiotics in the food production system and the attendant selection of resistant bacteria have been the subjects of numerous studies. However, beside the simple principle that exposure to an antimicrobial agent can select for a resistant bacterium, the development and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance is a complex phenomenon, which should be examined from both ecological and population perspectives. Many antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteria have been identified on mobile genetic elements (e.g., plasmids, transposons, and integrons); these elements enable the resistance genes to disseminate among bacteria in food, animals or in environments. However, little is known about the development, evolution, distribution, and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes in relation to the use of specific antimicrobial agents in the food industry.
The persistence of bacteria in food production systems is a critical food safety issue. In several countries, accurate estimates of the volume of antimicrobials used in food production systems are lacking. The origin and fate of the antimicrobial resistant and pathogenic bacteria found in food production systems needs to be established. Furthermore, the evolution of commensal antibiotic resistant bacteria into pathogenic ones deserves investigation. The determination of the exact sources and ecology of resistant and/or virulent bacteria during food production will help scientists develop strategies to stop their spread.
This Special Issue will synthesize what is known about the molecular mechanisms of evolution and survival of pathogenic and resistant bacteria associated with food. The issue will also integrate studies concerning the risk factors of such bacteria’s dissemination and distribution (in relation to human practices and environmental factors). The emphasis will be on the relationship between antibiotic and virulence determinants and their precise role in bacterial survival and maintenance, the impact of environmental factors, lessons learned across the world, and best practices and transformational adaptive management.
Dr. Moussa S. Diarra
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.
- farms (crops and animals)
- foodborne and waterborne bacteria
- environmental conditions
- antibiotic resistance and toxicity
- virulence and pathogenesis
- origin and evolution
- survival and adaptability
- alternative managements