Multiresistant Bacteria Isolated from Chicken Meat in Austria
AbstractMultidrug resistant bacteria (MDR bacteria), such as extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) Enterobacteriaceae, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE), pose a challenge to the human health care system. In recent years, these MDR bacteria have been detected increasingly outside the hospital environment. Also the contamination of food with MDR bacteria, particularly of meat and meat products, is a concern. The aim of the study was to evaluate the occurrence of MDR bacteria in chicken meat on the Austrian market. For this study, 50 chicken meat samples were analysed. All samples originated from chickens slaughtered in Austrian slaughterhouses and were marked as produced in Austria. Samples were analysed for the presence of ESBL Enterobacteriaceae, methicillin resistant Staphylococci and VRE. Resistance genes of the isolated bacteria were characterised by PCR and sequencing. In the present study 26 ESBL producing E. coli, five mecA gene harbouring Staphylococci (but no MRSA), and four VRE were detected in chicken meat samples of Austrian origin. In 24 (48%) of the samples no ESBL Enterobacteriaceae, MRSA, methicillin resistant coagulase negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) or VRE could be detected. None of the samples contained all three types of investigated multiresistant bacteria. In concordance to previous studies, CTX-M-1 and SHV-12 were the dominant ESBL genes. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Zarfel, G.; Galler, H.; Luxner, J.; Petternel, C.; Reinthaler, F.F.; Haas, D.; Kittinger, C.; Grisold, A.J.; Pless, P.; Feierl, G. Multiresistant Bacteria Isolated from Chicken Meat in Austria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12582-12593.
Zarfel G, Galler H, Luxner J, Petternel C, Reinthaler FF, Haas D, Kittinger C, Grisold AJ, Pless P, Feierl G. Multiresistant Bacteria Isolated from Chicken Meat in Austria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(12):12582-12593.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zarfel, Gernot; Galler, Herbert; Luxner, Josefa; Petternel, Christian; Reinthaler, Franz F.; Haas, Doris; Kittinger, Clemens; Grisold, Andrea J.; Pless, Peter; Feierl, Gebhard. 2014. "Multiresistant Bacteria Isolated from Chicken Meat in Austria." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 12: 12582-12593.