Special Issue "Valorization of Physical Education"

A special issue of Education Sciences (ISSN 2227-7102).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 September 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Dana Badau

Department of Human Movements Science, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tirgu Mures, Romania
Website | E-Mail
Interests: physical education; counseling in physical activity; methodology of physical education; technology in physical education; recreation; mulitidisciplinarity; promotion and active lifestyle

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Research activities in physical education are the basis for innovative thinking, the creation and development of an advanced culture that ensures the transfer of information and technology through which human and institutional resources can develop and become efficient.

The development of modern methodologies and technology for physical education will contribute to an increase in terms of the impact and diversity of programs, and their monitoring, as well as the optimization of human functional parameters, both in a controlled process and in recreational activities, and could be attractive research directions. Research in physical education should be directed towards the needs of society with regards to the problems that emerge from the current modern context of education, which also applies to the future of interdisciplinary approaches.

Your contribution to this Special Issue, in terms of improving the physical education for all categories of ages and for all type of practices, will be welcome.

Prof. Dr. Dana Badau
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Education Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical education methodology
  • informational technology applied in physical education
  • counseling in physical education
  • curriculum development
  • assessment in physical education
  • multidisciplinary teaching
  • physical education environments
  • motor skills and movement forms
  • personal and social responsibility
  • valuing of physical activity
  • experiential education

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle An Adaptation Study of Measurement Properties for the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Team Inventory
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 139; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030139
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
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Abstract
This multi-study paper reports the translation process and the validity and reliability analysis of the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Teams Inventory (CREST) for the use of Turkish population. In three related studies, 414 team sports athletes from Turkey were sampled. We adopted
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This multi-study paper reports the translation process and the validity and reliability analysis of the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Teams Inventory (CREST) for the use of Turkish population. In three related studies, 414 team sports athletes from Turkey were sampled. We adopted Beaton et al.’s (2000) methodology for the translation of self-report measures for cross-cultural adaption studies. The first study provided content validity for an initial item set as the preliminary study. The second study explored the factor analysis of the CREST structure. The third study explored re-testing of the explored structure in a different set of participants and criterion-related validity provided. The analysis of Study 1 revealed that the items were understood by the participants and ready for application for the general Turkish population. The exploratory factor analysis in the Study 2 revealed that the CREST had two sub-dimensions as it was in the original inventory. The Cronbach’s alpha values for the dimensions of demonstrating resilience characteristics and vulnerabilities shown under pressure were 0.94 and 0.90, respectively. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin value was 0.94. The confirmatory factor analysis in the third study showed that the structure of the inventory was confirmed in another sports context. Accordingly, the CREST is a valid and reliable tool for use by Turkish athletes and to measure team resilience that is one of the critical determinants of team performance. Further understanding of team resilience as a process can be gain by using the CREST, especially in future process-oriented research for team sports. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
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Open AccessArticle The Relationship between Free Time Satisfaction and Stress Levels of Elite-Level Student-Wrestlers
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 133; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030133
Received: 22 July 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 25 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
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Abstract
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between free time satisfaction and stress levels of elite level student wrestlers according to some demographic factors. The sample of the study consisted of 119 (85 male and 34 female) elite level student
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The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between free time satisfaction and stress levels of elite level student wrestlers according to some demographic factors. The sample of the study consisted of 119 (85 male and 34 female) elite level student wrestlers who participated in the Wrestling National Team camp in 2018. As data collection tools, “Personal Information Form”, “Stress Scale in Working Life: SSWL”, and “Free Time Satisfaction Scale: FTSS” were used. In the analysis of the derived data, t-test, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis were used, and Pearson Correlation test was applied to examine relations between study variables. There was no significant difference in the t-test results according to the “gender” variable (p > 0.05). There was a meaningful, low-level negative correlation between the “age” variable and social, aesthetic, sub-dimensions of stress scale. As a result, this study found that participants’ free time satisfaction levels were related to age; and stress levels were related to age, sport year, national team year, and income level. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
Open AccessArticle Motivations and the Level of Practicing Physical Activities by Physio-Kinetotherapy Students
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8030097
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
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Abstract
(1) Background: The aim of the study was to identify the physical activity index of physio-kinetotherapy (PKT) students during the three years of study, as well as the motivation to practicing Physical Activity (PA); (2) Methods: The study comprised three groups of 84
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(1) Background: The aim of the study was to identify the physical activity index of physio-kinetotherapy (PKT) students during the three years of study, as well as the motivation to practicing Physical Activity (PA); (2) Methods: The study comprised three groups of 84 students each, corresponding to the three years of study from the PKT specialization. The study included the survey method, using two questionnaires: Physical Activity Index (PAI) and Motives for Physical Activity Measure—Revised (MPAM-R). A factorial and correlation analysis was made between the three groups; (3) Results: The level of PA practice in all our study groups was between the low and the lowest indicator. The main motivations underlying PA are: enjoyment, competence/challenge, and fitness/health; (4) Conclusions: Future specialists in physio-kinetotherapy need extensive competencies in physical activity by optimizing intimate and extrinsic motivations. Extending the number of hours allocated to the physical education discipline within the university curriculum allows the person to form proactive behaviors. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
Open AccessArticle Effect of Physical Education and Play Applications on School Social Behaviors of Mild-Level Intellectually Disabled Children
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8020089
Received: 7 June 2018 / Revised: 10 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 18 June 2018
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to examine the influences of physical education and play practices on the school social behavior of mild-level intellectually disabled children. The quantitative research methods used were based on the pre-test, post-test, post-test-retention control group model and the
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The aim of this study was to examine the influences of physical education and play practices on the school social behavior of mild-level intellectually disabled children. The quantitative research methods used were based on the pre-test, post-test, post-test-retention control group model and the general screening model. A simple random sampling type was used when constructing the sample group. To determine school social behavior, the School Social Behavior Scale (SSBS) was used. Physical education and play lessons were applied for two hours per week for 24 weeks with the purpose of obtaining data from these scales when applied to participants. The study sample group included 20 mild-level intellectually disabled children (14 boys, 6 girls), aged seven to nine years, who were trained at the Special Education and Rehabilitation Center that serves the County of Kocaeli, in the district of Izmit, Turkey. According to the results of the SSBS, we found a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between the social competence of present persons’ interpersonal relations, self-control, and academic skills, and the aggressive-nervous persons in the sub-dimensions of negative social behaviors, in favor of the test group. However, no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the antisocial-aggressive and destructive-demanding sub-dimensions was observed. We found that 24-week physical education and playing practices applied to mild-level intellectually disabled children had effects on children’s school social behavior. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
Open AccessArticle Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults from Braşov, Romania
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8020052
Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (287 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
(1) Background: This study aims to investigate the association between different levels of physical activity (PAL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a random sample of the adult population; (2) Methods: The study material comprised 1100 adults of the city of Brasov,
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(1) Background: This study aims to investigate the association between different levels of physical activity (PAL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a random sample of the adult population; (2) Methods: The study material comprised 1100 adults of the city of Brasov, Romania (700 men, 400 women), aged 30–45 years old. We used the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF) and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) to assess PAL and HRQoL, respectively; (3) Results: The differences in the number of respondents in groups assessing their HRQoL differently and PA were statistically significant (p < 0.001), both among men and women. The PAL was shown to be positively correlated with the adult HROoL domains; (4) Conclusions: Our results confirm that the highest PAL values were associated with more favorable scores in HRQoL dimensions among the adult population. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
Open AccessArticle Determination of the Relationship between Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors, Physical Fitness, and Risk Factors of Coronary Heart Diseases in University Students
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8020051
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 15 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
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Abstract
The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors, physical fitness, and coronary risk factors in university students. 320 male and female (nm: 171; nf: 149, respectively) students from a university participated in
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The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors, physical fitness, and coronary risk factors in university students. 320 male and female (nm: 171; nf: 149, respectively) students from a university participated in this study voluntarily. For the determination of body composition and Body Mass Indexes (BMI), subjects’ height, body weight, and skinfold thickness were taken and body fat percentage (% fat) was determined. Healthy lifestyle behaviors were determined using the healthy lifestyle behaviors questionnaire. Indicators of physical fitness included flexibility (sit-up) (F), muscle strength and endurance (isometric knee (KS), back strength (BS) and a total of shuttle (TS), sprint performance, BMI, and body fat percentage (% fat). Coronary heart disease risk factors included mean arterial blood pressure (systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP)), fasting blood levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), hematocrit (HCT), and hemoglobin (HGB). Results indicated subjects have normal body mass index, body fat percentage, SBP, DBP, TG, TCF, BS, and KS. The results of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis, indicated that SBP, DBP, TG, TCF, BS, and KS for male and female was significantly correlated with flexibility (sit-up) (F), muscle strength and endurance (isometric knee (KS), back strength (BS) and total of shuttle (TS)), sprint performance. (p < 0.01; p < 0.05), In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that physical fitness and healthy lifestyle behaviors play a determinant role in coronary heart disease risk factors for male and female students from a university. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
Open AccessArticle Comparison of Loneliness and Social Skill Levels of Children with Specific Learning Disabilities in Terms of Participation in Sports
Educ. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8010037
Received: 11 January 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 16 March 2018
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Abstract
This study was conducted in order to compare loneliness and social skill levels of children with specific learning disabilities in terms of participation in sports. For this study, a screening model was used. The study group was composed of 56 children who were
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This study was conducted in order to compare loneliness and social skill levels of children with specific learning disabilities in terms of participation in sports. For this study, a screening model was used. The study group was composed of 56 children who were aged between 7 and 14 years and diagnosed with a specific learning disability (30 boys and 26 girls). “Personal Information Form”, “Children’s Loneliness Scale”, “Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters (MESSY)” were used in this study. For the data processes and data analyses, SPSS 22 was used. According to the test of normality, non-parametric tests were employed for those data that did not follow a normal distribution and the correlations among variables were tested with correlation analysis at p < 0.05 while differences among variables were tested with Mann–Whitney U and Kruskal–Wallis tests at p < 0.05. According to the findings obtained in this study, there were no significant differences in terms of sex, the number of family members and the number of brothers and sisters while there were significant correlations in terms of age, sports status, MESSY-subscales and loneliness. In sum, it may be concluded that sports played a positive role in social skill and loneliness levels among children with specific learning disabilities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Valorization of Physical Education)
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