Special Issue "Seismic-Resistant Building Design"


A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2014)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Ali M. Memari
The Pennsylvania Housing Research Center (PHRC), Department of Architectural Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 219 Sackett, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Website: http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/a/m/amm7/
E-Mail: memari@engr.psu.edu
Phone: +1-814-863-9788
Interests: residential and commercial buildings analysis; evaluation; testing; and design; laboratory testing; evaluation; development of light-frame; masonry; cladding; envelope systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Consideration of earthquake induced loading and deformation in building design has become a routine requirement in most countries. Material specific design codes (steel, concrete, masonry, wood, etc.) are being developed in more coordination with the codes that govern the loading requirements. Advanced design concepts and lateral load resisting systems are being adopted by design professionals more widely. Performance-based design approach is also being applied to design of some buildings, although it is not part of the code yet. As most existing buildings have not been constructed based on the more stringent requirements of seismic code provisions, seismic retrofit of existing buildings continues to be in high demand. Finally, considering the need for resiliency of buildings under multiple hazard conditions, the issue of multi-hazard resistant design of buildings has attracted much attention over the past few years.

For this Special Issue of the Buildings Journal, authors are invited to submit papers related to the general theme of the Special Issue for all types of buildings. Among relevant topics, submission of papers discussing analysis, design, evaluation, assessment, rating, and retrofit of buildings for performance under earthquake effects is highly encouraged. In addition, it is of interest to invite contributions that address new code requirements/provisions (material or loading), innovative seismic resisting systems, performance-based seismic design, and multi-hazard resistant building design.

Prof. Dr. Ali M. Memari
Guest Editor


Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 300 CHF (Swiss Francs). English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.


  • seismic code provisions
  • earthquake resistant design
  • seismic evaluation and retrofit
  • performance-based design
  • multi-hazard design
  • design for resiliency

Published Papers

No papers have been published in this special issue yet, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of Paper: Article
Fiber Beam Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Members with Appropriate Constitutive and Material Laws
Ravi Mullapudi 1,* and Ashraf Ayoub 2
1. MMI Engineering Inc., 11490 Westheimer Rd., Suite 150, Houston, TX 77077, USA
Dept. of Civil Engineering, City University London, Northampton Square, EC1V OHB, London, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: rmullapudi@mmiengineering.com; Tel.: +1-281-810-5007; Fax: + 1-281-920-4602.
This paper presents a non-linear force-based Timoshenko beam element with bending, shear and axial force interaction for seismic analysis of RC structures. The structural tangent stiffness matrix is formulated which relates the increments of load to corresponding increments of displacement. Simplified cyclic uniaxial constitutive relationships are developed for cracked concrete in compression and tension. This model includes the softening effect of the concrete due to lateral tensile strain. To establish the validity of the proposed model, correlation studies with experimental evidence have been conducted.

Type of Paper: Article
Seismic Performance Evaluation of a Steel Moment Frame Building Based on Monitored Data and Substructure Hybrid Simulation
s: Jian Li 1,* and Sheng-Lin Lin 2
1 Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United States
GNS Science, Avalon, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; Email: jianli@ku.edu; Tel: +1-785-864-6850
Seismic performance evaluation of civil engineering structures is challenging due to large uncertainties involved in the estimation of both seismic demand and capacity. To reduce uncertainty, a strategy based on advanced numerical modeling and experimental testing technique is proposed in this paper. First of all, structural and free field response data monitored during past earthquake events is used to calibrate both the structural and hazard models. System identification is applied to extract key structural parameters from the monitored data for subsequent updating of the linear model of the structure. The hazard model is calibrated through sensitivity analysis based on borehole data. Realistic ground motion records can then be generated based on the calibrated hazard model. To improve the prediction of nonlinear behavior of structures under large earthquakes, substructure hybrid simulation which combines numerical and experimental substructures is employed by testing the most critical structural components in the laboratory while modeling the rest of the structural components numerically. Seismic performance of a six-story steel building structure is evaluated based on the proposed strategy. The estimated performance matches well with the observed behavior of the building from the Northridge earthquake.
Steel moment frame; seismic performance; system identification; model updating; substructure hybrid simulation; hazard analysis

Type: Article
Seismic Behaviour of Unreinforced Masonry Buildings. A comparison between nonlinear static and dynamic analysis methods
uthors: Michele Betti, Luciano Galano, Andrea Vignoli
: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICeA), University of Florence, Via di Santa Marta, 3 – I-50139 Firenze, Italy
The paper reports a comparison between analysis methods and numerical modelling approaches to estimate the seismic behaviour of unreinforced masonry buildings. The comparison is performed through the discussion of a reference masonry prototype: a two-storey building tested on shaking table at the CNR-ENEA research centre of Casaccia (Roma, Italy). The building was investigated under increasing natural ground motions to analyse its seismic response from initial elastic conditions until moderate to extensive damage. A first numerical model of the prototype was built using the finite element technique. The model was employed to perform nonlinear static analyses (pushover) and nonlinear dynamic analyses. A second model was built based on a simplified macro-element approach and was adopted to perform nonlinear dynamic analyses. The main results of all analyses are critically compared and discussed to deepen the effectiveness of both simplified models and analysis methodologies.
Unreinforced masonry buildings; FE modelling; Macro-element models; Static nonlinear analysis; Dynamic nonlinear analysis; Seismic loading; Collapse analysis.

Last update: 18 June 2014

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