Special Issue "Advances in Water Desalination"
A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 July 2012)
Desalination of seawater and brackish groundwater has taken on an enhanced interest as droughts in various parts of the world have caused local water shortage. In other regions there is a chronic shortage of water, and the growth of tourism, business or harvesting of natural resources can be carried out only with desalination to supplement scarce existing water resources.
Desalination is an expanding business with continuing evolution in technology. Reverse osmosis (RO) is the dominant technology for new desalination plants, but there are still innovations that drive down cost and improve energy efficiency and water yield in RO systems. Further, there is continuing research on new technologies and ways to adapt older technologies (e.g. thermally and electrically driven) to the new challenges of reducing energy cost and management of concentrated salt solutions that are a byproduct of desalination. Concentrate management is especially important for inland desalination plants for which the option is not available for disposal of concentrate into the ocean. In some cases the concentrate has marketable salts if they can be isolated and purified.
In this special issue entitled “Advances in Water Desalination” authors have the opportunity to publish papers on their contributions to desalination technology. Manuscripts are welcome in the following areas.
- New membranes
- Innovative desalination processes
- Concentrate management
Prof. Dr. Thomas A. Davis
- Reverse osmosis
- Membrane distillation